The Psychoanalytic Approach

11 terms by lswick

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repression

Moves anxiety- causing ideas from conscious awareness.

rationalization

The use of self-deception to justify unacceptable behaviors or ideas.

regression

Returning to the behavior that is characteristic of an earlier stage of development. Example:pouting and refusing to speak when your parent tell you your not allowed to go out with your friends.

projection

When people see their own faults in others. Ex: A hostile person accuses other people of being hostile.

displacement

A transfer of an idea or impulse from a threatening or unsuitable object to a less threatening object.

reaction formation

Acting contrary to their genuine feelings in order to keep your true feelings hidden. Example: someone who is attracted to another person may keep the impulses out of their mind by being mean to that person.

denial

When a person refuses to accept the reality of anything that is bad or upsetting. Example:ignoring the risks of lung cancer from smoking by saying "It can't happen to me."

sublimation

When individuals can channel their basic impulses into socially acceptable behavior. Example: A hostile students may channel aggressive impulses into contact sports.

id

demands pleasure through instant gratification and pays no attention to laws social customs, or the needs of others

ego

guided by the reality principle- that we can't always get what we want.

superego

functions according to the moral principle by incorporating the standards and values of parents and members of the community.

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