a wealthy landowner; a lord is referred to as "Sir SoandSo" and has a title like Duke, Earl, Count, etc.
payment, usually land, given to a vassal by a lord or king (the word "fee" comes from "fief")
The land owned by a lord
A person who is given a fief by someone higher. That person now owes the one who gave him the fief.
a mounted warrior (a warrior on horseback)
a peasant who is tied to the lord's land because he owes the lord his labor
The Latin word "feudum" means ___.
a noble was anyone above the level of merchant
Two groups who constantly fought for power
Kings and Popes
The "knight" system which had a religious, moral, and social code.
Code of Chivalry
stressed duty and honor to God, one's lord, and his chosen lady
a young boy who assisted the knight; played chess to learn strategy
the next step (after page) to becoming a knight. Squires accompanied/assisted knights and took care of armor/weapons.
What ended the Age of Chivalry?
the intro of guns and cannons into warfare
Religious officials (priests, ministers, bishops, rabbis, etc.)
The large home of a feudal lord and the lands surrounding it, as well as the village on the land.
A system of trading loyalties for protection in the Middle Ages.