LOM chapter 18

Created by cberge819 

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Secrets Thyroxine

what is the function of the thyroid gland

adenohypophysis

whait is another name for the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

adrenal cortex

which gland secrets cortisol

insulin

which hormone is secreated by the pancreas

parathyroid hormone

which hormone regulates calcium in the blood and bones

ACTH

which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete hormones

sodium

what is an example of electrolyte

iodine

what is an element that is present in thyroxine

estrogen

what is the hormone secreted by the ovary and adrenal cortex

secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

describe gonadotropins

gynecomastia

term for excessive development of mammary tissue in a male

potassium

Kal/i is a combining form for which substance

diabetes mellitus

insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis

cushing syndrome

group of symptoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex

myxedema

advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood

acromegaly

post-puberty hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland

graves disease

thyrotoxicosis; hypersecretion of the thyroid gland

goiter

term that means enlargment of the thyroid gland

graves disease

exophthalmos is a symptom of which endocrine disorder

tetany

constant muscle contraction

sodium

natr/o is a combining form for which substance

type 1 diabetes

little or no insulin produced

secondary complications of diabetes

which of the following is associated with neuropathy, nephropathy and retinopathy

achondroplasia

defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth

thyroid scan

administrative of radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumors or nodules

pancreas

insulin is secreted by which organ

adrenal medulla

epinephrine is secreted by which organ

anterior pituitary gland

follical-stimulating hormone is secreted by which hormone

thyroid gland

thyroxine is secreted by which organ

adrenal cortex

aldosterone is secreted by which organ

posterior pituitary gland

vasopressin is secreted by which organ

anterior pituitary gland

growth hormone is secreted by which organ

thyrotoxicosis

abnormal condition (hypersecretion) of the thyroid gland

pancreatectomy

removal of the pancreas

hypogonadism

condition of deficiency or underdevelopment of sex organs

estrogenic

pertaining to producing female characteristics

hypocalcemia

deficiency of calcium in the blood

hyperglycemia

excessive sugar in the blood

hyper, pituitary gland

acromegaly is hyper or hypo and secreted by which organ

hypo, thyroid

myxedema is hyper or hypo and secreted by which organ

hypo, thyroid

cretinism is hyper or hypo and secreted by which organ

aldosterone

hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; increases salt reabsortion by the kidney

electrolyte

a mineral salt found in the blood and tissue; potassium is an example

polydipsia

excessive thirst

calcitronin

hormone secreted by the thyroid gland; lowers blood calcium

pancreatectomy

resection of a gland near and behind the stomach

oxytocin

hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland; stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor

glucosuria

sugar present in the urine

homeostasis

tendency of an organism to maitain a constant internal environment

hyponatremia

blood condition of deficient sodium

glucocorticoids

type of hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; necessary for the use of sugars, fats, and proteins

adenohypophysis

anterios lobe of the pituitary gland

parathyroidectomy

resection of four small glands in the neck region

hypokalemia

blood condition of deficient potassium

hypothalamus

region of the brain that produces factors to stimulate the pituitary gland

adrenocorticotropic

hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates the adrenal cortex

glycemic

condition of sugar in the blood

radio immuno essay

test that measures hormone levels in plasma

glucose tolerance test

test that measures levels of sugar in the blood

thyroscan

radioactive compound is given and localized in the thyroid gland

acromegaly

enlargment of extremities caused by excessive growth hormone after puberty

thyroid carcinoma

malignant tissue of an endocrine gland in the neck

cretinism

extreme hypothyroidism during infancy and childhood produces this condition

myxedema

advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood produces this condition

exophthalmos

enlargment and bulging of the eyeballs caused by hyperthyroidism

hirsutism

excessive hair on the face and body of adult women

cushing syndrome

group of sypmtoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex

goiter

enlargement of the thyroid gland

pheochromocytoma

benign tumor of the adrenal medulla

diabetes mellitus

lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin to promoting sugar, starch, and fat metabolism in cells

tetany

constant muscle contraction

ketoacidosis

fats are improparly burned, leading to accumulation of ketones in the body

addison dissease

hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex

aldosterone

hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex

diabetes insipidus

disease condition due to malfunction of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland

diabetes mellitus

disease condition due to malfunction of cells in pancreas

progesterone

hormone secreted by the ovary

cretinism

extreme hypothyroidism in childhood

epinephrine

hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla

thyroxine

hormone secreted by thyroid gland

electrolyte

a mineral salt found in the blood and tissues

prolactin

hormone secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland

hypercalcemia

excessive amount of calcium in the blood

hypokalemia

deficient amount of potassium in the blood

hyponatremia

deficient sodium in the blood

pancreatectomy

removal of the pancreas

adrenopathy

disease condition of adrenal gland

polydipsia

excessive thirst

triiodothryonine

hormone secreted by the thyroid gland

testes

two glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male

pancreas

located behind the stomch; alpha beta islet cells secrete hormones

thyroid gland

located in the neck on either side of the trachea; secretes thyroxine

adrenal medulla

inner section of a gland above each kidney; secretes epinepherine

pituitary gland

located at the base of the brain in the sella turcia; hypophysis

adrenal cortex

outer section of a gland above each kidney; secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and sex hormones

ovaries

located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg cell production and estrogen secretion

parathyroid glands

four small glands on the posterior side of the thyroid gland

growth hormone

secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates growth of bones and soft tissue

thyroxine

secreted by the thyroid gland; increases metabolism in cells;T4

calcium

calc/o

thirst

dips/o

female

estr/o

sugar

glyc/o

milk

lact/o

mucus

myx/o

sodium

natr/o

pancreas

pancreat/o

thyroid gland

thyr/o

toxic/o

poison

ur/o

urine

home/o

sameness

gather together

-agon

excision

-ectomy

blood condition

-emia

produced by

-genic

stimulation the function of

-tropin

urine condition

-uria

enlargement

-megaly

four

tetra-

many

poly-

three

tri-

normal, good

eu-

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