APUSH CH 30 IDs

Created by egoduni 

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conservatism

steady shift to the right; away from the liberalism of hte sixties

religious fundamentalists

along with political conservatives and political action committees were opposed to big government, New Deal liberalism, gun control, feminism, gay rights, welfare, affirmative action, sexual permissiveness, abortion, and drug use, which were, in their views, responsible for undermining family and religious values, the work ethic and national security

political action committees (PACs)

along with political conservatives and religious fundamentalists were opposed to big government, New Deal liberalism, gun control, feminism, gay rights, welfare, affirmative action, sexual permissiveness, abortion, and drug use, which were, in their views, responsible for undermining family and religious values, the work ethic and national security

taxpayers' revolt

revolt against high taxes led by CA votes by passing preposition 13, a measure that shraply cut property taxes.

Moral Majority

founded by VA evangelist Jerry Fallwell, financed campaigns to unseat liberal members of COngress

Jerry Falwell

Virginia Evangelist who founded the moral majority

abortion rights; Roe vs. Wade

legalized abortion; sparked the right to life movement that joined together Catholics and fundamentalist Protestants, who believed that human life began at the moment of conception

"reverse discrimination"

what many white males blamed their troubles on; imposed by the government's support of the racioal and ethnic quotas

Ronald Reagan

well known movie star and TV actor who gained fame among republicans as an effective politcial speaker in the 1964 Goldaawter campaign, became elected CA gov. and later almost took the party's nomination away from Ford

supply-side economics

argued that tax cuts reduced government spending, would increase investment by the private sectorm and lead to increased production, jobs, and prosperity

domestic spending cuts

wiht the help of southern democrats, the republicans cut over $40 biollion such as food stamps, student loans and mass transportation

Professional Air Traffic Controllers Association

union was decertified and many of the striking union workers were fired by Reagan

Reagonomics

when this took hold, the economy rebounded and beginning in 1983, entered a long period of recovery

Sandra Day O'Connor

the first woman on the supreme court

William Rehnquist

new chief justice of the supreme court; under his leadership, the court scaled back affirmitive action in hiring and promotions and limited Roe vs. wade by allowing states to impose certain restrictions on abortion

Jesse Jackson

first african american politician to make a strong run for the presidency by seeking support of all minority groups under the banner of the rainbow coalition

Walter Mondale

JImmy Carter's Vice president, earned the democratic majority nomination

Geraldine Ferraro

the first woman ever to run for Vice President

budget and trade deficits

Reached a staggering $150 billion a year due to increase consumption of foreign made luxury items; resulted in the US becoming a debtor nation for the first time since WWI

military buildup

proposed by Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger to double the defense budget; he proposed spending billions to build new weapons and weapon sustems and to expand the US navy from 450 to 600 ships

MIddle East; Palestine Liberation Organization

terrorists who were invading Israel; Israel invaded souther lbanon to stop this group from doing this and soon the US became involved in helping to evacuate this group to a safe haven

Mikhail Gorbachev

a dyunamic reformer who became the new soviet leader

Intermediate Nuclear Force agreement

Gorbachev and Reagan agreed to remove and destroy all intermediate range misslies

George Bush, Dan Quayle

a former amassador to the US and director of the CIA; became the first president to define the US role in the new era; and his running mate and future VP

Tiananmen Square, Beijing

site of prodemocracy demonstrations for freedom by students

Soviet Union Break-Up; end of cold war

came about by the swift mrach of events and the nationalist desire for self determination; gorbachev and the soviet union were overwhelmed

Boris Yeltsin

president of the russian republic who joined with nine former soviet republics to form a loose confederation, the Commonwealth of Independed States

Panama Invasion

Bush ordered this to remove the autocratic General Manuel Noriega; the alleged purpose of htis was to stop Noriega from using his country as a droug pipeline to the US

Saddam Hussein

Dictator of Iraq who invaded oil-rich but weak Kuwait and threatened western oil sources in Saudi Arabia and the perisan guf

Americans with Disabilities Act

prohibited discrimination against citizens with phyiscal and mental disabiliteis in hiring, transportation, and public accommodation

Twenty-seventh amendment

prohibited members of congress from raising their own salaries

William Clinton

youthful governor of Arkansas who emerged from the primaries as his party's choice for president; the first member of the baby boom generation to be nominated for president, he proved to be an articulate and energetic campaigner; presented himself as a "New Democrat"

Albert Gore

Clinton's runnign mate from Tennessee

Ross Perot

a texas billionair who entered the 1992 race for president as an independent; appealed to millions with his anti-washington, anti-deficit views; captured nearly 20 percent of popular vote which was the best third party showing since theodore roosevelt and the bull moose campaign of 1912

North American Free Trade Agreement

created a free trade zone with canada and mexico

Newt Gingrich

the newly elected speaker of the house who led the republicans in an attack on federal programs and spending

Contract with America

campaign manifesto of the republicans which outlined an attack on federal programs and spending

new world order

A description of the international system resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union in which the balance of nuclear terror theoretically no longer determined the destinies of states

Yugoslavia; civil war

Serbian dictator Solobodan Milosevic carried out a series of armed conflicts to suppress independence movements in Yougoslavia's provinces.

Bosnia

former Yugoslav province, troops from NATO countries stopped bloodshed here in 1995

Kosovo

former Yugoslav province, troops from NATO countries stopped bloodshed here in 1999

Bob Dole; Jack Kemp

Clinton's republican opponent in the election of 1996; his campaign proposed a 15 percent tax cut but never caught the voters' imagination; and his runnign mate

impeachment

in december 1998, the house voted for this for the president on two counts; perjury and obstruction of justice

Madeleine K. Albright

the first woman to serve as secretary of state; proved to be more assertive in the use of american pwer

"ethnic cleansing"

the killing of hundreds of thousands of members of ethnic and religious minorities

nuclear proliferation

became the growing concern in the 1990s when North Korea stepped up its nuclear reactor and missile progams and India and Pakistan tested nuclear weapons for the first time in 1998

terrorism

the bombing fo the World Trade Center in NY brought home the threat of this

George W. Bush

governor of Texas, gained the nomination of hte republican party and selected Dick Cheney as running mate; fought to win the moderate and independent vote as a "compassinate conservative"

regesnts of university of california v. bakke

decided that college admissions could not be based on race alone

deregulation

reducing federal regulations on business and industry

rainbow coalition

Jesse Jackson was the first african american politician to make a strong run for the presidency by seeking support of all minority groups under the banner of this

Strategic Defense Initative (SDI)

an ambitious plan for buidling a high tech system of laseres and particle beams to destroy enemy missiles before they could reach US territory; called "Star Wars" by its critics who argued that the costly program would only escalate the arms race and could be overhwelmed by the soviets building more missiles

Iran- Contra Affair

had its originas in US troubles with Iran; plan devised by McFarland of selling US antitank and antiaircraft missiles to Iran's government for its help in freeing the Americans held hostage by a radical Arab group

Nicaragua; Sandinista

marxist regime in nicaragua, large amounts of US military aid went to the "contras" - antileftist rebels in NIcaragua who fought the marxism in an attempt to seize power

glasnost

openness; to end political opression and mopve toward greater political freedom for sovietcitizens

perestroika

restructuring of the soviet economy by introducing some free-market practices.

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