Jerry Falwell's Old-Time Gospel Hour
broadcast over 200 tv states and 300 radio stations each week.
The Reverend Jerry Falwell
formed the Moral Majority as a political lobbying group to advocate tough laws against homosexuality and pornography, to promote a reduction of gov. services, and to increase spending for a stronger national defense
the first major politician to appeal directly to the New Right and to build his own impressive fundraising empire with its help
The American Enterprise Institute and the Heritage Foundation
heavily supported by major corporations, established research centers for conservative scholars
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
"Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex"
a self described suburban housewife and popular conservative lecturer, headed the STOP ERA campaign, describing the amendment's supporters as "a bunch of bitter women seeking a constitutional cure for their personal problems"
Roe v. Wade
state laws decreasing abortion a crime during the first two trimesters of pregnancy constituted a violation of a woman's right to privacy. "rights of the unborn"
The Roman Catholic Church
organized the first antiabortion demonstrations after the Supreme Court's decision and sponsored the formation of the National Right to Life Committee, which claimed 11 million members by 1980
"Me Decade" to describe an era obsessed with personal well-being and emotional security
provided his own label for this enterprise in the title of his best selling book. "The Culture of Narcissim: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations"
"human potential movement"
provided a vivid example of this trend
Erhard Seminars Training (EST)
a self-help program blending insights from psychology and mysticism
former door-to-door seller of encyclopedias, te institute taught individuals to form images of themselves as successful and satisfied
Transcendental meditation (TM)
promised a shortcut to mental tranquility and found numerous advocates among Wall Street brokers, Pentagon officials and star athletes
The Unification Church
founded by the Korean Reverend Sun Myung Moon, extracted intense personal loyalty from its youthful disciples, dubbed by the media as "Moonies"
proved highly lucrative and kept his church solvent despite numberous lawsuits.
Jim Jone's People's Temply
an interracial movement organized in the California Bay Area, ended in a mass murder and suicide when Jones induced more than 900 of his followers to drink cyanide-aced Kool Aid in a remote retreat in Guyana in 1978
whose lyrics lamented the disappearance of the white working class, became the decade's most popular new rock artist
heavy metal band underscored themes of decadence and frutility
Charismatic stars sand melodic refrains reeking of loneliness and nostalgia and appealing to older, white, working class Americans
"No more Vietnams"
the realists shared with dissatisfied nationalists a single goal
declared Ford's secretary of state Henry Kissinger, but most also recognize that "Soviet-American relations are not designed for tests of manhood"
Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev
met in Vladivostok to set the terms of SALT II, and President Carter secured the final agreement in 1979
a powerful human rights lobby pressured congress to pass a bill that required the secretary of state to report annually on the status of human rights in all countries receiving aid from the U.S and to cut off assistance to any country with a record
Carter's secretary of state Cyrus R. Vance and assistant secretary for human rights and humanitarian affairs Pat Derrian
worked to punish or at least to censure repressive miliatary regimes in Brazil, Argentina, and Chile
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
particularly to halt the blatant intervention in the affairs of foreign govs.
Admiral Stansfield Turner
Rhodes scholar, as director and ordered a purdge of the "rogue elephants" who had pursued covert operations in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War
SALT II was a second series of negotiations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. about nuclear arms reduction. The talks, though never ratified by the Senate due to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, both sides agreed to limit strategic launchers and weapons.
Guyana - church popular in CA, gave this guy deeds, to avoid religious persecution; went to jungle in Guyana from CA and formed cult; cool-aid poisoned
human potential movement
the movement to teach individuals to see themselves as successful and satisfied through psychological insights and mysticism
Camp David Accords
agreement calling for Israel to return all land in the Sinai in exchange for Egyptian recognition of Israel's sovereignty. This was between Begin and el-Sadat. Egyptian Sadat agreed and was labeled a traitor and assisnated.
American politician with a background in the civil rights movement; he served as American ambassador to the United Nations under President Carter
Iran Hostage Crisis
(1979, Jimmy Carter, one month after the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan); radical Muslim revolution- desired no more US influences; US embassy captured for 444 days;
1980- the U.S. will use military force in necessary to protect U.S. interests in Persian Gulf from soviets
the speech Carter delivered in response to the energy crisis, it was most notable for Carter's bleak assessment of the national condition and his claim that there was a "crisis of confidence" that had struck "at the very heart and soul of our national will". The speech helped fuel charges that the president was trying to blame his own problems on the American people.
election of 1980
Reagan wins with his "Reaganomics" program of reducing taxes and spending - "supply-side" and "trickle-down" economics
the author of Wealth and Poverty that summarized the supply-side view/ reaganomics as a successful economy depends on the proliferation of the rich.