AP GOPO Chapter 13 Vocab

23 terms by valerieellen

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general election

election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices

primary election

election in which voters decide which of the candidates within a party will represent the party in the general election

closed primary

a primary election in which only a party's registered voters are eligible to cast a ballot

open primary

a primary election in which party members, independents, and sometimes members of the other party are allowed to participate

crossover voting

participation in the primary election of a party with which the voter is not affiliated.

runoff primary

a second primary election between the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes in the first primary

midterm election

an election that takes place in the middle of a presidential term

electoral college

representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect a president

elector

member of the electoral college

electorate

the citizens eligible to vote

incumbency

already holding an office

recall

an election in which voters can remove an incumbent from office prior to the next scheduled election

reapportionment

the reallocation of the number of seats in the House of Representatives after each decennial census

prospective judgment

a voter's evaluation of a candidate based on what he or she pledges to do about an issue if elected

retrospective judgment

a voter's evaluation of a candidate based on past performance on a particular issue

ticket-splitting

voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election

turnout

the proportion of the voting-age public that casts a ballot

unconventional political participation

political participation that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing

conventional political participation

political participation that attempts to influence the political process through well-accepted forms of persuasion such as voting or letter writing.

referendum

an election whereby the state legislature submits proposed legislation or state constitutional amendments to the voters for approval

initiative

an election that allows citizens to propose legislation or state constitutional amendments by submitting them to the electorate for public vote

mandate

a command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the elected officials to carry out a party platform or policy agenda

front-loading

the tendency of states to choose an early date on the nomination calendar

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