Major Human Endocrine Glands And Some Of Their Hormones

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Caddo Parish Magnet High School Ms. Blackwell 2012-2013

hormones released by the posterior pituitary and hormones that regulate the anterior pituitary

hypothalamus

oxytocin

posterior pituitary; peptide; stimulates contraction of the uterus and mammary gland cells; nervous system

antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

posterior pituitary; peptide; promotes retention of water by the kidneys; water/ salt balance

growth hormone (GH)

anterior pituitary; protein; stimulated growth (esp. bones) and metabolic functions; hypothalamic hormones

prolactin (PRL)

anterior pituitary; protein; stimulates milk production; hypothalamic hormones

follicle- stimulating hormone (FSH)

anterior pituitary; protein; stimulated production of ova and sperm; hypothalamic hormones

luteinizing hormone (LH)

anterior pituitary; protein; stimulates ovaries and testes; hypothalamic hormones

thyroid- stimulating hormone (TSH)

anterior pituitary; protein; stimulates thyroid gland; thyroxine in blood; hypothalamic hormones

adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

anterior pituitary; protein; stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids; glucocorticoids; hypothalamic hormones

melatonin

pineal gland; amine; involved in rhythmic activities (daily and seasonal); light/dark cycles

thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)

thyroid gland; amine, stimulate and maintain metabolic processes; TSH

calcitonin

thyroid gland; peptide; lowers blood calcium level; calcium in blood

parathyroid hormone (PTH)

parathyroid glands; peptide; raises blood calcium level; calcium in blood

thymosin

thymus; peptide; stimulates T cell development; not known

epinephrine and norepinephrine

adrenal gland, adrenal medulla; amine; increase blood glucose; increase metabolic activities; constrict certain blood vessels; nervous system

glucocorticoids

adrenal cortex; steroid; increase blood glucose; ACTH

mineralocorticoids

adrenal cortex; steroid; promote reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in the kidneys; K+ in blood

insulin

pancreas; protein; lowers blood glucose; glucose in blood

glucagon

pancreas; protein; raises blood glucose; glucose in blood

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