Snip Civil Rights

23 terms by dsnip08 

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civil rights

those protections against discrimination by the government and individuals, intended to prevent discrimination based on race, religion, gender, ethnicity, physical handicap, or sexual orientation

due process

principle in the Fifth & 14th Amend. stating that the government must follow proper constitutional procedures in trials and in other actions it takes against individuals

jim crow laws

State level legal codes of segregation, literacy requirements and poll taxes

grandfather clause

clause included in the state constitutions of several southern states after the Civil War placing high literacy and property requirements for voters whose ancestors did not vote before 1867.

civil rights act of 1964

it made racial discrimination against any group in hotels, motels, and restaurants illegal and forbade many forms of job discrimination

de facto segregation

Segregation resulting from economic or social conditions or personal choice.

de jure segregation

segregation that is imposed by law

affirmative action

a policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities

Equal Rights Amendment

constitutional amendment passed by Congress but was NOT ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender

Bakke vs Regents of California

A Supreme Court ruling stating that a college may not use an explicit numerical quota in admitting minorities but could "take race into account"

Gratz vs Bollinger

Univ. of Mich admissions policy was too dependent on race and needed to be changed

Grutter vs Bollinger

upheld that michigan could use race as a factor in admissions; affirmative action was still constitutional

13th amendment

abolished slavery

14th amendment

amendment declared that all persons born or naturalized in the United States were entitled equal rights regardless of their race, and that their rights were protected at both the STATE and national levels.

15th amendment

This amendment granted black men the right to vote.

civil rights act of 1875

reconstruction era law that banned discrimination in public places (theaters, hotels....)

civil rights cases

Court ruled that 14th amendment only protected citizens from gov't NOT private discrimination

19th amendment

gave women the right to vote

26th amendment

lowered the voting age to 18

23rd amendment

gave residents of Washington DC the right to vote

24th amendment

eliminated the poll tax as a voting requirement

Plessy vs Ferguson

ruled that segregation was OK as long as the facilities were equal (separate but equal doctrine)

Brown vs Board of Ed

ruled that segregtion was unconstitutional(cancelled the separate but equal doctrine)

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