Communications Ch. 13

26 terms by emilyakoenen

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Main points

central claims that support a speaker's specific purpose and thesis statement

chronological

the organizational pattern that presents the main points of a speech forward in a systematic and time-related fashion

spatial

organizes the main points according to their physical proximity to or position in relation to one another

transitions

words and phrases that connect different thoughts, points and details in a way that allows them to flow naturally from one to the next

signposts

worlds like first, additionally and moving on

allusion

making a vague or indirect reference to people, historical events or concepts to give deeper meaning to the message

metaphor

we are drowning in high-fructose corn syrup and there is no lifeguard on duty, so it's time for us to learn to swim

similie

a comparison between two things that uses the words like or as

false

T/F every speech should have three main points

false

T/F each main point should focus on two or three different ideas

true

T/F a speech organized using a chronological pattern may present the main points of a message either forward or backward in a systematic time-related fashion

false

T/F research suggests that audiences usually remember the middle points of a speech better than the first and last points

false

T/F cause-effect pattern is one of the most effective to use when a speaker wants to convince an audience to engage in some action to solve a problem

true

T/F the motivated sequence is based on the psychological elements of advertising

false

T/F a speaker who uses the motivated sequence has the freedom to cover the five steps in whatever order he or she likes and can leave steps out if they aren't relevant to the topic

true

T/F works like similarly, next and in conclusion are referred to as transitions

false

T/F including jargon and other technical language the audience doesn't understand in a speech is an effective way of building credibility on the subject and usually inspires an audience to want to learn more about the subject

true

T/F repetition of well-crafted sentences or specific words and phrases can help leave a memorable impression on the speaker's audience

false

T/F allusion refers to the repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of successive words in a speech

false

T/F metaphors use the words like or as to compare two things

false

T/F your body is an engine and water is its oil is an example of a similie

false

T/F effective speeches usually begin with a statement such as, Hi my name is Jamaal and I'm here to talk to you about...

true

T/F anecdotes can be used effectively as the opening of a speech as long as they are vividly told and are clearly related to the topic of the speech

false

T/F most audiences prefer a speaker to keep the organization, including the main points, of their speech a mystery so that they are not burdened with too many details in the introduction of the speech

true

T/F sentence outlines that are written out word for word, exactly the way the speaker plans to give the speech, don't make good speaking outlines for most speakers

true

T/F the authors of the textbook advise that speakers include brief reminders about important information related to the delivery of the speech in their speaking outlines

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