Ch. 3 Key Terminology

39 terms by AtreyuFreak 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Allegory

a universal symbol; personified abstraction; ex: death portrayed as "grim reaper"

anaphora

repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases or clauses

apostrophe

address or invocation to something that is inanimate

archetype

recurrent designs, patterns of action, character types, themes or images which are identifiable in a wide range of literature; ex: femme fatale

asyndenton

a style in which conjunctions are omitted, usually producing a fast-paced, more rapid prose; ex: Caesar's famous lines, "I came, I saw, I conquered"

chiasmus

figure of speechin which the order of the terms in the first of two parallel clauses is reversed in the second; ex: "Pleasure's a sin, and sometimes sin's a pleasure"

conceit

a comparison of two unlikely things that is drawn out within a piece of literature, in particular an extended metaphor within the poem; ex: Hair might be spun gold, teeth like stars or pearls, etc.

connotation

what is suggested by a word, apart from what it explicity describes, often referred to as the implied meaning of a word; ex: awesome, sweet, gay, f*ggot

dactylic

stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones; ex: can-a-da, hol-i-day, cel-e-brate

denotation

a direct and specific meaning; the "dictionary meaning" of a word

elegy

lament upon the death of a particular person

enjambment

the continuation of a sentence from one line or couplet of a poem to the next

exposition

part of the structure that sets the scene, introduces and identifies characters, and establishes the situation at the beginning of a story or play

denouement

falling action

iambic

unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one; ex: for-give, re-morse, re-peat

juxtaposition

the location of one thing as being adjacent with another; this creates a certain effect, reveals an attitude or accomplishes some purpose of the writer

litote

figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by conscious understatement; ex: "not bad" as a comment about something especially well done

metaphor

DOES NOT use "like" or "as"

meter

the more or less regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

metonymy

figure of speech in which an attribute or commonly associated feature is used to name or designate something as in "The White House announced today..."

motif

recurrent device, formula, or situation that often serves as a signal for the appearance of a character or event; ex: in M. Night Shamalan's movies cold and/or red doorknobs signal presence of ghosts

paradox

statement that seems contradictory but may actually be true; ex: "fight for peace"

parallel structure

the use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases, or thoughts; ex: lying, crying, dying no more

periodic sentence

a sentence which is not grammatically correct until the end; ex: "The child, who looked as if she were being chased by demons, ran."

petrarchan sonnet

divides the poem into one section of 8 lines (octave) and a second section of six (sestet); 8 then 6--patriarchal

scansion

the analysis of verse to show its meter

shakespearean sonnet

divides poem into three units of four lines each and a final unit of two lines; usually abab cdcd efef gg

shaped verse

shaped to look like an object; ex: Ellen Hopkin's novels

simile

DOES use "like" or "as"

stock character

a character who appears in a number of stories or plays; ex: cruel stepmother, femme fatale, etc.

synecdoche

when a part is used to signify a whole; ex: "All hands on deck!", "head of cattle"

terza rima

"three rhymes"; verse form consisting of three line stanzas in which the second line of each rhymes with the first and third of the next (or 2 line stanzas where second line of each rhymes)

trochee

stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one; ex: car-wash, out-side, day-ton, off-spring

villanelle

verse form consisting of 19 lines divided into 6 stanzas--five tercets (3 lines) and one quatrain (4 lines)

idolatrous

blindly or excessively devoted or adoring

mendacious

given to lying

pathos

a quality that arouses emotions (especially pity or sorrow)

pedantic

used to describe writing that borders on lecturing; marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects

amorous

inclined toward or displaying love

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set