Medical Terminology: Chapter 4

32 terms by pacergold 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Bone Movement and Structure

Epiphysis

The ends of a developing bone

Diaphysis

The shaft of a long bone

Periosteum

The membrane that forms the covering of bones

Compact Bone

The dense, hard layer of bone tissue

Medullary Canal

A narrow space or cavity throughout the length of the diaphysis

Endosteum

A tough, connective tissue membrane lining the medullary canal and containing the bone marrow

Cancellous (Spongy Bone)

The reticular tissue that makes up most of the volume of bone

Joint

Articulation, a place where two or more bones connect

Condyle

A rounded process that enter into the formation of a joint

Crest

A ridge on a bone

Fissure

A slit-like opening between bones

Foramen

An opening in the bone for blood vessels, ligaments, and nerves

Fossa

A shallow depression in or on a bone

Head

The rounded end of a bone

Meatus

A tube-like passage or canal

Process

An enlargement or protusion of a bone

Sinus

An air cavity within certain bones

Sulcus

A groove, furrow, depression, or fissure

Trochanter

A very large process of the femur

Tubercle

A small, rounded process

Tuberosity

A large, rounded process

Abduction

The process of moving a body part away from the middle

Adduction

The process of moving a body part toward the middle

Circumduction

The process of moving a body part in a circular motion

Dorsiflexion

The process of bending a body part backward

Eversion

The process of turning outward

Flexion

The process of bending a limb

Inversion

The process of turning inward

Pronation

The process of moving a body part forward

Retraction

The process of moving a body part backward

Rotation

The procress of moving a body part around a central axis

Supination

The process of lying supine or face upward; also the process of turning the palm or foot upward

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set