Medical Prefixes S-Z

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250 terms

SPERM/O-

sperm

SPHER/O-

ball, globe, round

SPHINCT/O-

that which binds together

SPHYGM/O-

pulse

SPHYXI/O-

pulse or lack of pulse

SPIN/O-

thorn or thorny

SPIR/O-

breathe or breathing

SPLANCHN/O-

organ

SPLEN/O-

spleen

SPONDYL/O-

vertebra

SPRAIN

to wring out or press out

SQUAM/O-

scaly

-STALSIS

to contract

STAPED/O-

stirrup

STAPHYL/O-

grape or grape-like clusters

-STASIS

stoppage, standing, location

-STAT

to stop or immediately

-STAXIA

dripping or trickling

STEAT/O-

fat

STEN/O-

narrowing

STEREO-

three dimensional or solid

STERN/O-

chest, sternum, or breastbone

STETH/O-

chest

-STOLE

contract

STOMAT/O-

mouth

STRABISM/O-

to squint or squinting

STRAIN

to draw tight

STRAT/I-

layer

STREPT/O-

twisted or twisted chain

STRI/A-

stripes or threads

STRICT/O-

drawing or binding

STY/E

raised

SUB-

beneath, under, less or lesser

SUDORIFER/O-

sweat

SULF/O-

sulfur

SUPER-

above or upon

SUPINAT/O-

to throw backward

SUPRA-

above or upon

SUR/A-

on calf of leg

SURG/I-

working by hand

SUTURE

sewing together

SYM-

together

SYN-

together

SYNCOPE

to faint or fainting

SY/STOL/O-

to draw together or contract

TACHY-

fast or swift

TAL/O-

ankle

TARS/O-

broad flat surface

TART/O-

dregs, sediment or particles

TAX/O-

arrange, to order, to organize, locate

-TAXIA

muscle coordination

TEL/O-

end or outward

TEMPOR/O-

temple

TEN/O-

tendon

TENS/O-

to stretch or stretches

TERAT/O-

monster

TERES

round

TERM

end, place at the end, boundary

TERT/I-

third

TEST/E-

shell or seed producer

TETAN/O-

spasm or spasms

TETR/A-

four

THANAT/O-

death

THEL/O-

nipple

THEN/O-

palm of hand or sole of foot

THERAP/O-

treating or curing

THERM/O-

heat, hot or warm

THORAC/O-

chest

THROMB/O-

clot, clump together, curdle

THYM/O-

soul, emotion, flowery smell

THYR/O-

shield or shield shaped

TIBIA-

shinbone

-TIC

capable of, or state of

TINEA-

fungus

TINNITUS

jingling, tinkling, ringing

-TION

process of or procedure of

-TIVE

nature of or quality of

TOCI/O-

birth, giving birth, birthing

-TOM/E

cutting instrument

TON/O-

tension, tone, pressure

TONSILL/O-

almond shape

TOP/O-

location

TORSI-

twisted

TOX/O-

poison

TRACHE/O-

rough

TRACT/O-

to draw or pull

TRANS-

across or through

TRAUMA

wound

-TRESIA

perforation or opening

TRI-

three

TRIAGE

to sort or classify

TRICH/O-

hair

-TRIGO-

rubbing

TROCHLE/O-

pulley or pulley like

TROP/O- (TROP/IN)

stimulate or to turn

TROPH/O-

development, nourishment or nutrition

-TRIPSY

to crush

TRYPAN/O-

borer, to bore, drill

TUB/O-

canal or tube

TUBERCUL/O-

swelling, nodule, tubercule

TUM/O-

swelling or tumor growth

TURGOR/O-

swelling

-TUSSIS

cough

TYMPAN/O-

eardrum

TYPH/O-

stupor

ULCER-

sore

-ULE

small or lesser

ULN/A-

elbow

ULTRA-

beyond

UMBILIC/O-

navel

UNGUIN/O-

nail

UR/O-

urine

URETER/O-

small canal

URETHERO-

canal

URTICARI/O-

hives or nettles

UTERO-

womb

UVE/A-

grape

VAG/O-

wanderer (the longest cranial nerve)

VAGIN/O-

sheath

VALG/U-

inward

VALVUL/O-

tiny fold or small valve

VAR/U-

outward

VARIC/O-

twisted

VARICELLA

tiny spot

VAS/O-

vessel

VEN/O-

vein

VENTR/O-

belly

VERA-

true

VERMI-

worm

VERRUCA/E-

wart

-VERSION

turn or to turn

VERTEBR/O-

jointed

VERTIGO

whirling

VESIC/O-

sac or small blister

VILL/I-

shaggy hair

VIR/O-

poison

VISCER/A-

organ

VIT/O-

alive, life, living

VITILIG/O-

to corrupt

VOLV/O-

to twist, twisting, rolling

VULV/O-

covering

WHEAL

round or circle

WHITLOW

white flow

XANTH/O-

yellow

XEN/O-

strange or foreign

YAWS

raspberry appearance

-Y

procedure of or process of

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