med terms

40 terms by mrc13b2006 

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chapters 1, 2, 3, 4

abdomen

space below the chest; contains organs

cartilage

flexible connective tissue attached to bones and joints

chromosome

rod like structures within the nucleus

diaphragm

muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

sagittal

lengthwise, vertical plane, dividing the body into left and right

larynx

voice box; located at the upper part of the trachea

cervical

neck region of the back; pertaining to the neck region

chondroma

begin tumor or tumor-like growth of mature hyaline cartilage

nucleus

controls operations of cells; contains chromosomes and directs activities

trachea

windpipe

viscera

internal organ

sarcoma

malignant tumors of the connective tissue, muscle or bone

thoracic

space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes; chest region

supine

lying on the back

abdominal

pertaining to the abdomen

karyotype

photo of individuals chromosomes, arranged by size, shape and number

pleura

double layered membrane surrounding each lung

mediastinum

centrally located space between the lungs

epithelial

pertaining to a type of cell or tissue that forms the skin and mucous membrane of the body

pituitary

small endocrine gland attached to the base od the brain; the "master" gland

abduction

to move away from the midline

adrenal

pertain ing to the adrenal gland; sits atop the kidney

anoxia

absence of oxygen supply to an organ

antitoxin

a protein that defends the body against toxins

benign

non malignant; not cancerous

bradycardia

slow heart rate

contralateral

pertaining to the opposite side

endotracheal

pertaining to within or through the trachea

euphoria

a feeling of well being; elation; emotion

hemiglossectomy

surgical removal of half the tounge

hypodermic

pertaining to being applied to below the skin

infracostal

pertaining to behind the ribs

intercostal

pertaining to being between two ribs

neoplasm

new growth

pancytopenia

pronounced reduction of all the formed elements of the blood

parathyroid

adjacent to the thyroid gland; secretes a hormone that regulates calcium levels in the body

periosteum

thick fibrous membrane covering the entire surface of the bone; serves as an attachment for the muscle and tendons

retroperitoneal

pertaining to behind the peritoneum

tachypnea

very rapid breathing

transurethral

through the urethra; refers to the removal of the prostate by going through the urethral wall

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