Chapter 12 Reproductive System

Created by nancy1957 

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A gonad

ovary

Its endometrium sloughts off in menstruation

uterus

receives the sperm during intercourse

vagina

reproductive cell

ovum

usual site of fertilization

Fallopian tube

Anotheer term for menses

menstruation

another term for menopause

climacteric

First occurrence of menstruation

ovulation

Initial hormone that causes thickening of the endometrium

estrogen

An instrument used to examine the vagina and cervix walls is a

speculum

The study of cells in a Pap test is called

cytology

In a Pap smear, an alteration in the shape, growth, or number of cells that is not a sign of cancer but indicates a tendency of the cells to become malignant is called

dysplasia

A hormone that is tested to ascertain pregnancy in human chorionic

gonadotropin

Using low-powered microscopy to examine the vaginal mucosa and cervix is called

colposcopy

Direct visualization of the uterus with a hysteroscope is

hysteroscopy

A radiographic examination of the uterus and the uterine tubes after an injection of a radiopaque contrast medium is call

hysterosalpingography

Examining the pelvic cavity after making one or more small abdominal incisions is

laparoscopy

Membrane that develops around the fertilized embryo

chorion

Blood test to detect and monitor syphilis

Rapid plasma reagin

Slide-staining technique that helps identify bacteria

Gram stain

Collection and examination of cells from the vagina and cervix

Pap smear

Direct microscopic examination of fluid

Wet mounts

abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods

menorrhagia

Absence of menstruation

amenorrhea

Painful or difficult menstruation

dysmenorrhea

Uterine bleeding other than menstruation

Metrorrhagia

PMS means

premenstrual cycle

Mittelschmerz means pain in the region of the ovary during

ovulation

Failure of the ovaries to produce, mature, or release ova is

anovulation

The leading cause of death from reproductive cancer is

ovarian

PID means

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Weakening of the ligaments that hold the uterus in place is uterine

prolapse

A common uterine condition is which it is tipped backward is

retroversion

A uterine fibroid is also called a

leiomyoma

An abnormal opening between the rectum and the vagina is called a rectovaginal

fistula

Herniation of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina is a

cystocele

Hernial protrusion of a fallopian tube (or uterine)

salpingo/cele

Any disease of an ovary

oophoro/pathy

Inflammation of hte cervix

cervix/itis

pain of the vvagina

colpo/dynia

inflammation of the lining of the uterus

endo/metr/itis

A pharmaceutical intervention for treating the symptoms of menopause is

hormome replacement therapy.

Excision of the vulva is

vulvectomy

Surgical fixation of an ovary is

oophoropexy

When the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes are removed, this surgery is called a total abdominal

hysterectomy

Removal of the uterus through a small opening in the abdominal wall is

laparohysterectomy

Removal of a fallopian tube is

salpingectomy

The sterilization procedure in which both fallopian tubes are constricted, severed, or crushed is called tubal

ligation

Forming a new opening into a fallopian tube is

salpingostomy

Dilation of the cervix and removal of material from the endometrium is called dilation and

curettage

Treatment using subfreezing temperature to destroy tissue is

cryotherapy or cryosurgery

Suture of the vagina

colporrhaphy

surgical fixation of a fallopian tube

salpingopexy

surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus

oophorohysterectomy

Surgical fixation of the uterus to the abdominal wall

hysteropexy

Instrument to visualize the abdomen

laparoscope

What is the meaning of epididym(o)

epididymis

What is the meaning of orchi(o)

testicle

What is the meaning of rect(o)

rectum

What is the meaning of urethr(o)

urethra

What is the meaning of vas(o)

vessel

Word pertaining to penis

penile

Word pertaining to prostrate

prostatic

Word pertaining to scrotum

scrotal

Word pertaining to seman (or spermatic)

seminal

Word pertaining to testicle

testicular

The production of sperm is called

spermatogenesis

The structure that is responsible for sperm production is the

testicle

Sperm are produced within the ?

seminiferous tubles

The major male sex hormone produced by the testicles is

testosterone

Two important hormoines that stimulate sperm production are follicle-stimulating hormone and?

luteinizing hormone

Blood test for prostatic cancer

PSA

Blood test for syphilis

RPR

Removal of tissue for microscopic study

needle biopsy

Test of semen

Semen count

The branch of medicine that specializes in the male and female urinary tract and also includes male reproductive structures is

urology

Axial rotation of the spermatic cord is testicular

torsion

Insufficient sperm in the semen is

oligospermia

A developmental defect characterized by the failure of one or both testes to descend into the scotum is

cryptorchidism

Inflammation of the epididymis is

epididymitis

A mass in the scrotum that contqins straw-colored fluid is called

hydrocele

A cluster of dilated veins above the testis is

varicocele

Tightness of the prepuce that prevents the retraction of the foreskin over the glans penis is

phimosis

inflammation of the glans penis is

balanitis

A nonmalignant increase in the size of the prostate is benign prostatic?

hyperplasia

What is azoospermia

Condition of the absence of living sperm

What is orchidalgia

Testicular pain

What is the meaning of prostatitis

Inflammation of the prostate gland

What is the meaning of anorchism

Condition of absence of the testis

What is the meaning of hypertrophy

enlargement in size

Chemical treatment of cancer

Chemotherapy

Removal of small pieces of the prostate via the urethra

TURP

Surgical repair of a testicle

orchioplasty

Surgical excision of a testicle

orchiectomy

Surgical fixation of a testicle

orchiopexy

Surgical implantation to correct erectile dysfunction

penile prosthesis

Surgical removal of the end of the prepuce

circumcision

surgical excision of a portion of the vas deferens

Vasectomy

Incision of a testis

orchiotomy

creation of a new opening in the vas deferens

vasostomy

pertaining to through the urethra

transurethral

Surgical excision of the prostate gland

prostatectomy

BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia

D&C

dilation and curettage

FSH

Follicle-stimulating hormone

GU

genirourinary

GYN, Gyn, gyn

gynecology

hCG, HCG

Human chorionic gonadotropin

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

LH

Luteninizing hormone

LMP

last menstrual period

NIH

National Institutes of Health

Pap

Papanicolaou smear, stain, or test

PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

PMS

premenstrual syndrome

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

RPR

rapid plasma reagin test (for syphilis)

STD

sexually transmitted disease

TAH

total abdominal hysterectomy

TSS

toxic shock syndrome

TUMT

transurethral microwave thermotherapy

TUNA

transurethral needle ablation

TURP

Transurethral rexection of the prostate

VDRL

Venereal Disease Research Laboratories

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