Lesson 11 and 12: Military Matters

44 terms by pinkgumdrop

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battuo, battuere, battui, battum

to beat, to knock

battery

n. a beating or pounding, esp. an unlawful beaing, as in assault and battery. 2. Guns or heavy artillery. 3. A group of similar things used together

battlement

n. a defense wall with alternating high and low sections. BATTLEMENTED (ADJ)

abate

intr.v. to reduce in quantity or intensity; to subside; to diminish ABATEMENT (N)

bellum

war

bellicose

adj. warlike; eager to fight BELICOSENESS (N); BELLICOSITY (N)

Belligerent

n. a country or persons engaged in warfare of hostile action; adj. behaving in a hostile or aggressive manner; engaged in combat BELLIGERENCE (N); BELLIGERENCY (N)

genere

to bear

domo, domare, domui, domitum

to tame, to subdue

daunt

tr.v. to intimidate; to discourage or dishearted DAUNTING (ADJ); DAUNTLESS (ADJ)

indomitable

adj. unconquerable INDOMITABILITY (N); INDOMITABLENESS (N)

fortis

strong

forte

n. aperson's strong point; the thing in which a person excels. adj. ain music, loudly; forcefully

fortitude

n. courage in endruing pain or trouble FORTITUDINOUS (ADJ)

khartes

leaf of papyrus, a writing

carte blanche

n. unrestricted power to act at one's discretion; unconditional permission or authority

blanche, blancus

white

cartel

n. an organization of firms in the same industry for purpose of regulating production, pricing and marketing of goods and decreasing competition by members; 2. a coalition of political or special-interest groups to achieve a common cause; a bloc CARTELIST, CARTELIZATION (N); CARTELIZE (V)

cartograper

n. a maker of maps or charts CARTOGRAPIC, CARTOGRAPHICAL (ADJ); CARTOGRAPHY (N)

graphein

to write

pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatum

to fight

pugalist

n. a fistfighter, especially a professional boxer PUGILISM (N); SUGILISTIC (ADJ)

pugnacious

adj. quarrelsome; eager for a fight PUGNACITY (N)

impugn

tr.v. to oppose or attack as false; to seek to discredit IMPUGNABLE (ADJ); IMPUGNABILITY, IMPUGNER (N)

cado, cadere,cecidi, casum

to fall, to come to an end

cadence

n. a rhythmic flow of sound, as in poetry or oratory, or of movement as in marching or dancing

casuistry

n. the use of moral principles to reason out what is right or wrong in everyday situations (usually associated with a morality that emphasizes adherence to established laws) 2. subtle but misleading or false application of reasoning; a quibbling or evasive way or making difficult desicions CASUIST (N); CASUISTIC, CASUISTICAL (ADJ)

decadent

adj. declining or decaying (applied to a condition, things, or people); n. a person who is decaing mentally or morally. 2. a member of a group of 19th century French and English artists who were inspired by artificial and morbid things. DECADENCE (N)

occident

n. the parts of the world that lie west of Asia, especially the countries of Europe and the western hemisphere OCCIDENTAL, oCCIDENTAL (ADJ); OCCIDENTALISM (N); OCCIDENTALIZE (V)

recidivism

n. a relapse into a former habit, especially criminal or antisocial behavior. RECIVIDIST (n); RECIVIDISTIC, RECIVIDIVOUS (ADJ)

cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum

to move, to yield

cede

tr.v. to yield or surrender rights or possesions, usually officially

accede

intr.v. to consent to agree (to). 2. to take office; to become a ruler (to). ACCESSION (N); ACCESSIONAL (ADJ)

concession

n. the act of granting or yielding. 2. permission by authority for special use, especially the privilegeof setting up a buisness in a certain place, or the place itself. CONCEDE (V); CONCESSIONAIRE (N); CONCESSIONARY (ADJ)

intercede

intr.v. to act on another's behalf. 2. to mediate in a dispute; to seek to reconcile differences INTERCESSION, INTERCESSOR (N)

inter

between

praeda

spoils of war, plunder, booty

predatory

adj. preying on other animals 2. plundering, exploiting or victimizing others PREDATION, PREDATOR, PREDATORINESS (N)

depredation

n. destruction; plunder. DEPREDATE (V); DEPREDATOR (N); DEPREDATORY (ADJ)

pungo, pungere, pupugi, punctum

to prick to puncture

punctilious

adj. precise; scrupulous; attentive to details, especially of etiquette PUNCTILLIOUSNESS (N)

pungent

adj. having a strong, biting taste or smell PUNGENCY (N)

compunction

n. uneasiness caused by guilt; remorse; scruples CONPUNCTIOUS (ADJ)

expunge

tr.v. to omit; to delete; to obliterate EXPUNCTION< EXPUNGER (N)

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