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savant syndrome

A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill.

emotional intelligence

The ability to perceive, express, understand, and regulate emotions.

Stanford-Binet

The widely used American revision (by Terman) of Binet's original intelligence test

aptitude test

A test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn.

achievement test

A test designed to assess what a person has learned. AP exam is an achievement test.

reliability

The extent to which a test yields consistent (same) results. SAT is reliable because after the first time you take it,you tend to have similar results.

validity

The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to.

Howard Gardner

Developed the theory of Multiple Intelligence. Contradicts Spearman's theory.

Sir Francis Galton

Cousin of Darwin, thought intelligence was 100% genetic (and head size was an indication of intelligence).

James-Lang Theory of Emotion

Physiological changes -> "feel" emotion

Cannon-Bard

Emotion and physical arousal happen at the same time.

Schachter Two Factor

My favorite theory of emotion because it rhymes. Emotion is physical arousal plus THINKING about the situation. Putting a cognitive label on what you are feeling.

General Adaptation Syndrome

Hans Selye's model for what happens to us physically during stress. Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion. I think we are nearing exhaustion now.

Sternberg's Theory of Intelligence

Put on your thinking CAP...creative, Analytical, Practical are the three types of intelligence.

External locus of control

The idea that chance or outside forces beyond your control determines one's fate.

Learned helplessness

The hopelessness that comes when a person learns when they cannot avoid repeated bad events.

Internal locus of control

The idea that one controls one's own fate.

Rorschach

A projective test that uses a standardized set of ink blots.

TAT

Thematic Apperception Test. A projective test that uses a standardardized set of pictures.

Big 5

A trait theory. The traits can be remembered by the acronym OCEAN.

Collective Unconscious

Jung's idea that we share inherited memory traces in an unconscious separate from the Personal Unconscious.

MMPI

Most commonly used objective personality test.

Ego

The part of the personality that is in touch with reality.

Id

Part of the personality that operates on the Pleasure Principle.

Superego

Part of personality that operates on the Moral Principle.

Preconscious

Level of the mind that is like the long term memory.

Unconscious

Level of the mind where we hide thoughts we do not want to think about ...ever. Largest level of the mind.

Free Association

The counseling technique that Freud used to get into the unconscious mind. Person says whatever comes to mind.

Defense Mechanisms

Mental Tricks the Ego used to ease the stress of dealing with the Id and Superego.

Identification

At the end of the Phallic stage when a child begins to model the same sex parent.

Projective Personality Test

Tests that people supposedly project their own inner feelings onto...

Repression

Putting threatening thoughts or wishes into the unconscious mind.

Reaction Formation

When you are Really 2 Faced. Switching an unacceptable impulse into it's opposite.

Fixation

When you are stuck or arrested in an earlier psychosexual stage.

Conscious Mind

What you are thinking of right now.

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