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Reconstruction Study Guide Words

Abraham Lincoln

President of USA until he was assassinated. Made 10% Plan called Leniency and was assassinated during his second four year term. Served as president during the civil war.

John Wilkes Booth

Actor from Maryland and Abraham Lincoln's assassin.

President Johnson

First president to be impeached. Took place of Abraham Lincoln of he was assassinated.

Radical Republicans

Group of Northerners who disagreed with the South and made a Reconstruction plan that was hard on them

Rutherford B. Hayes

Elected President by electoral votes but had to make a compromise with the South. Ran for president in the election of 1864

Ulysses S. Grant

Won presidential election in 1868. Former Civil War general from the North.

KKK

Group of people that wanted blacks to have submissive roles in society.

10% Plan

1.Pardon(excuse)
to any Confederate who would take an oath of allegiance to the Union and accept federal policy on slavery
(no slavery).
2. Denied pardons to all who had killed African-American Prisoners.

Johnson's Reconstruction

1.Pardon Southerners who swore allegiance to the Union.
2. Each state could hold a constitutional convention without 10% plan.
3. States required to void secession and approve the 13th amendment(no slavery).
4. States then are part of the Union.

Radical Republican Reconstruction Plan

1.Total restricting of society to guarantee African American true
equality.
2. Thought Lincoln was too lenient!

Wade-Davis Bill

1.Ex-Confederates take an oath of loyalty to swear they had never willingly taken arms against the Union.
2. Lincoln vetoes it.

Civil Rights Act

Congress made this to override President Johnson's veto. It outlawed the black codes giving equality to blacks.

Amendment 13

Banned slavery

Amendment 14

Granted equal protection to all U.S. citizens.

Amendment 15

Granted the right for all men to vote.

Hayes Compromise

1. He would have to withdraw troop from the South.
2. Name a Southerner to his cabinet.
3. Use the federal money to improve the South- They wanted more industry.

Black Codes

Limited blacks rights and caused them to not have equality with whites.

Pardon

the act of excusing a mistake or offense

Carpetbaggers

northern republican who fled to the South to profit from the South's misery; came to make money off the damaged South

Scalawags

white southern republican who opposed secession; many were poor and sent to the South; they were seen as traitors

share-cropper

a person who farms a portion of a planters land. Planter provides housing and food and the sharecropper pays his rent with a large portion of the crop he raised. Sharecroppers are always in a cycle of debt.

tenant farmer

a person who rents a piece of land and they farmed the land. Made a small profit.

impeach

to formally charge a public official with misconduct in office

reconstruction

the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated and restored into the Union.

Election of 1876

Samuel Tilden vs Rutherford Hayes.
Samuel Tilden wins popular votes but Hayes wins electoral votes. Hayes must make a compromise with the South for this.

Alibi

(law) a defense by an accused person purporting to show that he or she could not have committed the crime in question

ratify

to approve

vagrancy

meaning you have to always be working. was stated in the black codes

curfew

meaning you have to be inside and cannot hold public meetings after a certain time of day. was stated in the black codes to restrict the freedmen's rights

Southern destruction

South is destroyed due to the civil war

Election of 1868

Ulysses Grant vs Horatio Seymour
Grant wins and 15th amendment passed after the election

Election of 1872

Election between Grant (republican), Horace Greeley (liberal republican & democrat). Grant won easily.

Freedmen's Bureau

An organization to help freedmen adapt from slavery to freedom

Restriction of Black Freedom

Whites were trying to stop blacks from getting equality with them by using the black codes but congress does not pass this

popular votes

the votes that the people actually cast

electoral votes

votes cast by electors in the electoral college

tenure office act

1866 - enacted by radical congress - forbade president from removing civil officers without senatorial consent - was to prevent Johnson from removing a radical republican from his cabinet

white league

organization established to restore political power to the pre-civil war white democrats and did not hesitate to use violence to achieve that end

civil rights

right or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equ

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