1. In a federal system a majority of governmental responsibilities are
a. the sole responsibility of the federal government.
b. under the complete authority of state governments.
c. shared by both state and federal authorities.
d. provided by local government agencies.
2. Over the course of American history, the federal government has grown __________ compared to the
c. more expensive
d. in tandem
3. Which nation does not have a strong federal system?
b. the United States
4. The source of an implied power under the Constitution is the _________ clause.
a. full faith and credit
c. necessary and proper
5. Which of the following is an example of the police powers of state government?
a. the establishment and funding of a system of criminal law
b. the regulation of health codes
c. laws establishing curfews
d. all of the above
6. What is the purpose of the Tenth Amendment?
a. to offer each state constitution the same level of protection provided by the
b. to limit the powers of the central government by establishing reserved powers for
states and individuals
c. to grant citizens of each state access to the federal court system
d. to establish the electoral college
7. A state's authority to regulate the safety, health, and morals of its citizens is called _________ power.
8. When both state and national governments possess a certain level of authority, it is called
a. an implied power.
b. a reserved power.
c. an express power.
d. a concurrent power.
9. Chartering banks is a _________ power, because both federal and state governments have the authority
to do it.
10. Why was Massachusetts's decision to recognize gay and lesbian marriages such a controversial issue of
a. The law was found to be in violation of the Fifth Amendment.
b. The Constitution requires all states to honor and recognize the official acts of
c. The act was an attempt to enforce restrictions against federal habeas corpus
d. Massachusetts did not obtain the approval of at least half of the other states before
passing the law.
11. The __________ clause of the Constitution requires that states should normally recognize the laws, acts,
and judicial decisions of other states.
b. full faith and credit
c. concurrent power
d. double jeopardy
12. The privileges and immunities clause of Article IV is also referred to as the
a. Bill of Rights.
b. federalism clause.
c. vesting clause.
d. comity clause.
13. When Alaska passed a law in the 1970s that gave state residents preference over nonresidents in
obtaining work on oil pipelines, this law violated the
a. interstate commerce clause.
b. full faith and credit clause.
c. privileges and immunities clause.
d. takings clause
14. What is the main purpose behind the privileges and immunities clause of Article IV?
a. It prevents a state from discriminating against nonresidents.
b. It compels each state to recognize the laws of other states.
c. It requires all states to provide a uniform standard of benefits and entitlement.
d. It states that the Bill of Rights applies to the actions of state governments, as well
as the national government
15. If a state grants a city the ability to govern its own local affairs, this delegation of power is known as
a. home rule.
b. dual federalism.
d. separation of powers
16. Which level of government is not mentioned at all in the Constitution?
a. international affairs
b. federal government
c. state government
d. city government
17. Which of the following describes constitutionally permitted relationships between the states?
a. No state may ever enter into a contract or agreement with another state.
b. No state shall enter into a contract or agreement with another state without the
approval of Congress.
c. States may have treaties with either states or Indian reservations with the approval
d. The Senate controls all interstate relationships.
18. During the era of dual federalism, what was the primary goal of the federal government's domestic
a. to promote competition between the states
b. to assist the development of commercial activity within and between the states
c. to protect citizens from the abuses of state governments
d. to keep the states from going to war with each other
19. Which level of government writes the majority of criminal laws?
a. the national government
b. the state governments
c. the local governments
d. the special districts
20. How did the traditional system of dual federalism establish a "commercial republic"?
a. The federal government passed laws forbidding any regulation of capitalism.
b. The function of the federal government was to promote and assist commerce.
c. Dual federalism established property-holding requirements for federal
d. The federal government was originally designed to regulate and control the
21. How has the structure of federalism made way for the longevity of the U.S. government?
a. It has allowed for many divisive policy decisions to be made by states, rather than
the national government.
b. It has kept the national government small and aloof throughout most of America's
c. It has allowed states to develop in numerous and different ways.
d. all of the above
22. What was one effect of dual federalism during the early Republic?
a. The national government was spared the task of making difficult policy decisions,
such as the regulation of slavery, because the states did it themselves.
b. The national government was unable to raise sufficient amounts of money
through taxes and tariffs.
c. The number of federal criminal laws expanded rapidly, while state criminal laws
d. All of the above were effects of dual federalism.
23. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) was important because it
a. fully developed the concept of judicial review.
b. fully developed the concept of dual citizenship.
c. established the supremacy of the national government in all matters affecting
d. determined that the forced relocation of the Five Civilized Tribes to Oklahoma
24. During most of the nineteenth century, Congress used its powers to __________ commerce.
25. In __________, the Supreme Court reinterpreted the commerce clause, changing it from a check on
national power to a source of national power.
26. What was the "Southern Manifesto"?
a. the declaration of secession by the Confederate states in 1860
b. the protest against the enforced passage of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868
c. the refusal by southern congressmen in 1956 to obey Supreme Court decisions
outlawing racial segregation
d. the statement preceding the migration of white southerners to the Republican
Party in 1968
27. Why was the Supreme Court case United States v. Lopez important?
a. It was the first time since the New Deal that the Supreme Court limited the power
of Congress outlined under the commerce clause.
b. It was the first time that the Court had used the Tenth Amendment to limit the
power of Congress.
c. The Court found that citizens could not bring racial discrimination suits against
d. The Court found the line-item veto unconstitutional.
28. Which Supreme Court case has not limited federal power?
a. United States v. Lopez
b. Printz v. United States
c. Gibbons v. Ogden
d. All of the above have limited federal power.
29. Which statement best describes the Supreme Court's trend in interpreting federalism since the
a. The Court has slowly granted the national government more power over the
b. The Court has limited the power of the national government over the state
c. The Court has repeatedly declined to hear federalism cases, arguing that they are
a political question.
d. The Court has granted the states more access to sue the national government in
30. __________ describes the strategy of delegating a policy program to a lower level of government.
a. Home rule
31. Which constitutional amendment has been used to restrict the scope of authority by the federal
government over the states?
32. Which event was most influential in the rise of a more active national government?
a. the Civil War
b. World War I
c. the Great Depression
d. the Cold War
33. During the Great Depression, a camp of unemployed individuals who had lost their homes was referred
a. a Hooverville.
b. a Roosevelt Town.
c. a supply-side shanty.
d. a capitalism camp.
34. When the national government appropriates money to the states but simultaneously demands the
authority to dictate its distribution, this money is identified as
a. a grant-in-aid.
b. an unfunded mandate.
c. interstate commerce.
d. a devolution.
35. Which president presided over the New Deal?
a. Herbert Hoover
b. Franklin Roosevelt
c. Dwight Eisenhower
d. Woodrow Wilson
36. A federal grant for states to afford increasing health care facilities would be an example of a
a. categorical grant.
b. formula grant.
c. block grant.
d. Ulysses S. Grant
37. A __________ grant requires state and local governments to submit proposals to the federal government
and compete for funding.
38. When the national government funds a project that is actually implemented by the states, it is an example
a. dual federalism.
b. national supremacy.
c. cooperative federalism.
d. home rule.
39. The term "marble cake" federalism is meant to refer to what development?
a. budgeting being conducted with a "dessert first" mentality
b. intergovernmental cooperation blurring the lines between different layers of
c. the federal government bribing the states with various gifts in order to convince
them to follow national standards
d. federalism becoming hard and tasteless
40. Disapproval over unfunded mandates is most common among those who want
a. to reduce the power of the federal government.
b. to increase the scope of federal regulations.
c. to exercise a strong principle of preemption.
d. a return to the days of national supremacy.
41. Federal officials seeking to give state governments more authority are most likely to support
a. unfunded mandates.
c. block grants.
d. categorical grants
42. Which president was the first to promote New Federalism?
a. Franklin Roosevelt
b. Dwight Eisenhower
c. Lyndon Johnson
d. Richard Nixon
43. The form of federal assistance called __________ provides money to state governments with no strings
a. New Federalism
b. general revenue sharing
c. block grants
d. unfunded mandates
44. Many of the debates concerning federalism reflect
a. the regional competition that has existed throughout American history.
b. the greatest source of tension between Republicans and Democrats.
c. differing views about the ultimate goal of government itself.
d. conflict of interest problems between government officials and business leaders
45. Nations that adopt a federal arrangement tend to have
a. diverse ethnic or language groups.
b. multiparty systems.
c. strong executives.
d. no history of feudalism
46. The Tenth Amendment of the United States Constitution addresses
a. civil rights.
b. reserved powers.
c. implied powers.
d. concurrent powers
47. Which of the following is not a contractual topic between states?
a. distribution of river water
b. interstate transportation
c. state passport requirements
d. environmental regulations
48. Federal laws concerning crime mostly deal with
b. the District of Columbia and other federal territories.
c. drug trafficking and organized crime.
d. international crime.
49. Who wrote the Supreme Court opinions in both McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden?
a. Alexander Hamilton
b. James Madison
c. John Marshall
d. Roger Taney
50. Congressional grants paid for __________ percent of the development of an interstate highway after
World War II.