5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Why were the czars reluctant to free the serfs in the 1820s?
- Why did Alexander II's abolition of serfdom only go halfway?
- What were positive results of nationalism?
- Why did many Russians want serfdom to end in the 1820s?
- In what war did Czar Nicholas I threaten to take over part of the Ottoman Empire in 1853?
- a 1) People within a nation overcame their differences for a common good, 2) colonial rule was overthrown, 3) democratic governments were instituted in naitons throughout the world, 4) competition among nations spurred scientific and technological advances
- b They thought it was morally wrong, and it prevented the empire from advancing economically.
- c Freeing them would anger the andowners, whose support the czars needed to stay in power.
- d The Crimean War
- e Peasant communities - rather than individual peasants - received about half the farmland in the country; nobles kept the other half. The government paid the nobles for their land, but on the other hand, each peasant community had 49 years to pay the government for the land it had not recieved. So while legally the serfs were free the debt still tied them down to the land.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Many respected and loved their culture and that they were able to maintain it even though they were rulled by the Ottomans.
- Conservatives, liberals, and radicals
- teachers, lawyers, business people.
- Liberals were mostly middle class business leaders and merchants who wanted to give more power to elected parliaments, but only the educated and landowners could vote.
- A common past; common experiences
5 True/False questions
What is nationalism? → belief in common ethnic ancestry that may or may not come true
What is nationality? → belief in common ethnic ancestry that may or may not come true
What is a nation-state? → It is an independent geopolitical unit of people having a common culture and identiy. It defends the nation's territory and way of life, and it represents the nation to the rest of the world.
By what year did Europe practically return to the conservatism that had controlled governments before 1848? → Bloody battles occured in Parisian streets, turning French citizens away from the radicals. This led to the creation of a moderate constitution in 1848, that called for a parliament and a strong president to be elected by the people.
Who were conservatives and what did they believe? → They were usually property owners and nobility, who argued for protecting the traditional monarchies of Europe.