Medical Term, Respiratory

52 terms by jdrose

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PHA 467

alveolo

alveolus

bronchio

bronchus

bronchiolo

bronchiole

capn carb

carbon dioxide

laryngo

laryns

naso rhino

nose

oxo

oxygen

palato

palate

pharyngo

pharynx

phreno

diaphragm

pleuro

pleura

pneumo

air or lung

pulmono

lung

sinuso

sinus

spiro

breathing

thoraco, pectoro, stetho

chest

tonsillo

tonsil

tracheo

trachea

uvulo

uvula

-pnea

breathing

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

apnea

inability to breathe

orthopnea

ability to breath only in an upright position

crackle;rale

extraneous popping sound heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli

wheezes,rhonchi

high-pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrowed airway; occurs in asthma and emphysema

stridor

high-pitched crowing sound produced by obstruction in the uppoer airway

dysphonia

hoarseness

epistaxis

nosebleed

expectoration

coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs

sputum

material expelled from the lungs by coughing

hemoptysis

coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs

pulmonary edema

fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli, eventually flooding into the alveoli

atelectasis

collapse of lung tissue

emphysema

obstructive pulmonary disease resulting in alveoli lossing lung eleaticity and gase exchange

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

permanent destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combo of chronic bronchitis and emphysema

cystic fibrosis

inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally thick, viscous mucus that obstructs passageways within the body, commonly affecting lungs and GI tract.

pleural effusion

accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity

pneumonia

lung inflammation caused by infection, or resulting from aspiration of chemicals

pneumothorax

air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall

pulmonary embolism

occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot

sleep apnea

periods of breathing cessation that occur during sleep, often causing snoring

arterial blood gases

analysis of arterial blood to determine the adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gases

auscultation

physical examination method of listening to sounds within the body using a stethoscope

percussion

physical examination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibration and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity such as the chest

tracheostomy

creation of an opening in the trachea, most often to insert a tube

tracheotomy

incision into the trachea

cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

method of artifical respiration and closed-chest massage used to restore breathing and cardiac output after cardiac arrest

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages

bronchodilator

drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi

expectorant

drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing.

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