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Which word is derived from the Greek word meaning "cutting up"?

Anatomy

Which word is defined as the scientific study of disease?

Pathalogy

Which word is defined as the study of the function of living organisms and their parts?

Physiology

Cells are?

the smallest living units of structure and function in the body.

A group of cells that act together to perform a function is called a(n)?

Tissue

The heart is an example of a(n)?

Organ

The levels of organization from most simple to most complex are?

Chemical--Cell--Tissue--Organ--System

When using directional terms to describe the body, it is assumed that the body is in what position?

Anatomical

The supine position?

Describes the body lying face up

The prone position?

Describes the body lying face down

Because humans walk upright, the term "dorsal" can be used in place of the term?

Posterior

The opposite term for posterior in humans is?

Both b and c (anterior, ventral)

The opposite term for superficial is?

Deep

The body section that divides the right ear from the left ear is a ________ section.

sagittal

The body section that divides the nose from the back of the head is a_________ section.

frontal

A section that divides the body into mirror images is a_________ section.

midsagittal

The two major body cavities are called?

dorsal and ventral

The liver can be found in the?

both a and b (upper right quadrant, epigastric region)

The word "leg" correctly describes the?

area from the knee to the ankle

The human body tries to maintain a constant body temperature. This is an example of?

homeostasis

The part of a feedback loop that has the direct effect on the regulated condition is called?

the effector

The part of the feedback loop that detects a change in the regulated condition is called?

sensor

The part of the feedback loop that compares the present condition to the homeostatic condition the body is trying to maintain is called?

the control center

When your body temperature drops below normal, your muscles begin to contract rapidly, making you shiver and generating heat. In this case your muscles are acting as the?

effector

Which of the following body functions is an example of a positive feedback loop?

both b and c (forming a blood clot, ulterine contractions during labor)

The level of organization directly below the organ level is the________ level.

tissue

Which term means "toward the head"?

superior

Which describes the anatomical relationship of the wrist to the elbow?

The elbow is proximal to the wrist

A coronal plane or section is another term for a____ plane.

frontal

The muscular sheet called the diaphragm divides the?

thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavities

Which is not part of the upper abdominopelvic region?

hypogastric region

Which subatomic particle has a positive charge?

Proton

Which subatomic particle has no charge?

Neutron

Which subatomic particle has a negative charge?

Electron

Which subatomic particle is found in the nucleus?

both a and b (proton, neutron)

Electrons are found?

both b and c (in orbitals, at various distances from the nucleus called energy levels

The atomic number of an atom is the number of?

Protons

The atomic mass of an atom is the number of?

both a and b (protons, neutrons)

The subatomic particle that determines how an atom unites with other atoms is the?

Electron

An atom that contains 20 protons, 21 neutrons, and 20 electrons has an atomic number of?

20

An atom that contains 20 protons, 21 neutrons, and 20 electrons has an atomic mass of?

41

An atom that contains 20 protons, 21 nuetrons, and 20 electons has?

no charge (electrically neutral)

Which of these elements is not one of the four elements that make up most of the human body?

Calcium

Bonds that usually dissociate in water to form electrolytes are___ bonds.

ionic

The bonds formed when electrons are shared are called?

covalent bonds

The process of dehydration synthesis

converts smaller molecules into larger ones by removing water

The process of hydrolysis

uses water to turn large molecules into smaller ones

Acids have

both a and b (a pH less than 7, more H+ ions than OH- ions

Bases have

a pH greater than 7

Which of the following is an example of a monosaccharide?

glucose

Which of the following is an example of a polysaccharide?

glycogen

Triglycerides

have three fatty acids

Phospholipids

contain two fatty acids

Cholesterol

is a steroid lipid

Which of the following is a structural protein?

both a and b (collagen, keratin)

Which of the following is a functional protein?

enzymes

Which of the following substances is not found in a DNA nucleotide?

glycerol molecule

Which substance is found only in DNA?

thymine

Which type of chemical bond does not result in the formation of a new monecule?

hydrogen bond

Which of the following is not part of the cell?

interstitial fluid

Which of the following is not part of the plasma membrane?

triglycerides

Which of the following is not a function of the cell membrane?

protein synthesis

Tissue typing uses information

found on the cell membrane

Which organelles can be called the "digestive bags" of the cell?

lysosomes
break

What are the protein factories of the cell?

ribosomes

Which are small fingerlike projections on the plasma membrane that increases the cell's ability to absorb substances?

microvilli

Which of the folowing are called the "power plants" of the cell?

mitochondria

Which are rod-shaped structures that are important in cell division?

centrioles

Which structure has ribosomes attached to it and helps transport proteins throughout the cell?

rough endoplasmic reticulum

Which organelle consists of tiny flattened sacs that help process and package chemicals in the cell?

Golgi apparatus

Which are extremely fine hairlike structures on the surface of the cell?

cilia

Only about half the population has which of the following organelles?

flagella

What is the process by which substances scatter themselves evenly throughout an available space?

diffusion

What is the movement of water from an area of higher concentration through a selectively permeable membrane?

osmosis

What is the movement of water and solutes through a membrane because of hydrostatic pressure?

filtration

Because of specific base pairing, if one side of the DNA molecule has the nucleotide sequence of adenine - guanine - adenine - cytosine - thymine, the other side would be

thymine- cytosine - thymine - guanine- adenine

If the DNA code is adenine- thymine- guanine, the messanger RNA sequence would be

thymine- uracil- cytosine

If the messenger RNA code is adenine- uracil- cytosine, the transfer RNA bringing the amino acid would have which code?

uracil- adenine- guanine

DNA replication occurs during which phase?

interphase

Which type of tissue allows for rapid communication between various parts of the body?

nervous

Which type of tissue covers the body and lines many of the parts of the body?

epithelial

Which is the most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body?

connective

Which type of tissue specializes in movement of the body?

muscle

Which type of tissue frequently has few cells embedded in an intercellular matrix?

connective

Which two types of tissue have the greatest ability to repair themselves?

epitheial and connective

Which organelle contains its own DNA molecule?

mitochondria

Which structure programs the formation of ribosomes?

nucleolus

Which process does not rely on active transport?

filtration

A codon consists of which number of nucleotides?

three

Which term refers to an increase in cell size?

hypertrophy

The thymus gland is part of the_____ system.

lymphatic

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