Milady - Chapter 10

102 terms by Stirado 

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Dermatology

is the branch of medical science that studies and treats the skin and its disorders and diseases.

Dermatologist

Are skin doctors

Lesions

are structural changes in the tissue caused by damage or injury. Any mark, symptom, or abnormality is described as a_____.

3

How many types of lesions are there?

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary

Name the three types of lesions.

Primary lesions

are lesions in the early stages of development or change. Are characterized by flat, non-palpable changes in skin color - such as macules - or by elevations formed by fluid in a cavity, such as vesicles or pustules.

Bulla

Large Blister.

Cyst

Sac containing fluid, infection, or other matter above or below the skin.

Macule

Freckle.

Nodule

Tumors - (smaller) caused by fatty deposits, or infections.

Papule

Elevation on the skin that contains no fluid, but may develop into a pustule.

Pustule

An inflamed papule with a white or yellow center, containing pus, a fluid consisting of white blood cells, bacteria and other debris produced from an infection.

Tubercle

Rounded solid lump.

Tumor

A large nodule; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive cell multiplication, varying in size, shape and color.

Vesicles

Small blister - Poison ivy/oak.

Wheal

An itchy, swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy. Also known as hives and mosquito bites.

Urticaria

Medical term for Hive (caused by the exposure to allergens).

Secondary Lesion

Develops in later stages of disease.

Crust

Dead cell formed (Scab).

Excoriation

A skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.

Acne Excoriee

A disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration.

Fissure

Crack in the skin - Chapped lips or hands.

Keloid

A thick scar resulting from excess growth of fibrous tissue (collagen). Genetically predisposed.

Scale

Flaky skin cells - Dandruff or psoriasis.

Ulcer

An open lesion on the skin's mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth.

Acne

A chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands.

Acne Simplex/Acne Vulgaris

Two other names for acne.

Propionibacterium Acne (p. acnes)

Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions.

Asteatosis

Dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency can be due to aging, body disorders, alkalies of harsh soaps, or cold.

Comedone

Non-inflamed buildup of cells, sebum, and other debris inside follicles.

Comedo

Open comedones known as Blackheads.

Furuncle

Boils - subcutaneous abscess filled wih ps.

Carbuncles

Group of boils

Milia

Whiteheads, pearl-like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin with no visible opening.

Sebaceous hyperplasia

Benign lesions frequently seen in the oilier areas of the face. Over-growths of the sebaceous glands appear similar to open comedones - doughnut shaped.

Seborrhea

Severe oiliness of the skin; an abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands.

Seborrheic dermatitis

A skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness.

Steatoma

A sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum - Also called wen.

Anihidrosis

A deficiency in perspiration due to the failure of the sweat glands.

Bromhidrosis

Foul-smelling perspiration, caused by bacteria or yeast.

hyperhidrosis

Excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics or body weakness.

Miliaria Rubra

Prickly heat; acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands. Red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excess heat exposure

Atopic dermatitis

Rash - caused by allergies.

Contact dermatitis

An inflammatory skin condition caused by contact with a substance or chemical.

Dermatitis

Inflammatory condition of the skin.

Eczema

An inflammatory, painful, itching disease of the skin. Dry or moist lesions

Seborrheic dermatitis

mainly affects oily areas. Avoid contact and skin care treatments if a client has eczema.

Edema

Swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from response.

Erythema

Redness caused by inflammation.

Folliculitis

Hair grows under the surface, instead of growing up and out of the follicle, causing a bacterial infection.

pseudofolliculitis

Razor bumps without the pus or infection are called

Pruitis

Medical term for itching.

Psoriasis

A skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white silver scales. Is not contagious, but can spread by irritating the affected area.

Rosacea

Inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases the formation of papules and pustules. Chronic congestion primarily on the cheeks and nose. Vasodilation of the blood vessels makes it worse.

Telangiectasia

Vascular lesions - capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger or distended blood vessels. commonly called Couperose skin.

Urticaria

An allergic reaction by the body's histamine productions: AKA: Hives.

2

How many types does pigmentation disorders have?

Hyperpigmentation/Hypopigmentation

Name the two types of pigmentation?

Chloasma

Increase pigmentation; liver spots.

Hyperpigmentation

An overproduction of pigment - sun exposure, acne medications, and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation from skin damage.

Lentigo (Lentigenes - multiple)

is one freckle. small yellow-brown spots

Melasma

Term for hyperpigmentation. Pregnancy mask.

Nevus

a birthmark.

Stain

Brown or wine-colored discoloration (port wine stain - is a vascular type)

Tan

Exposure to the sun.

Albinism

The absence of melanin pigment in the body. Found in hair, skin and eyes.

Hypopigmentation

Lack of pigment.

Leukoderma

Light abnormal patches caused by a congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells. Vitiligo and albinism are both this.

Vitiligo

White spots or areas on the skin from a lack of pigment cells.

Hypertrophy

An abnormal growth; many are benign or harmless.

Hypertrophic

is used to describe thickening of a tissue.

Hypertrophy

is used to describe wasting away.

Keratoma

An acquired, thickened patch of epidermis. Callus or a corn.

Keratoses

An abnormally thick buildup of cells.

HyperKeratosis

Thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells, keratinocytes.

Actinic Keratosis

pink or flesh colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough are a result of sun damage and should be checked by a dermatologist.

Mole

Brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black.

Skin Tag

Small outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps.

Verruca

a wart.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Is the most common and least server type of carcinoma. Can be easily removed. Often appears as light, pearly nodules.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

is a more serious condition than basal cell Carcinoma. Red, pink scaly papules or nodules. Sometimes open sores or crusty areas that do not heal and may bleed easily. Found in all parts of the body.

Malignant Melanoma

is the most serious form of skin cancer. Black or dark patches on the skin are usually uneven in texture, jagged or raised. It can be tan and even uneven in texture, jagged, or raised.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Pinkeye - very contagious.

Herpes Simplex 1

Fever blisters or cold sores; recurring viral infection.

Herpes Simplex 2

Genital herpes. Never work on a client when they have this symptom.

Herpes Zoster

Shingles, a painful skin condition from chickenpox characterized by group of blisters that form a rash.

Impetigo

Bacteria infection of the skin that often occurs in children; characterized by clusters of small blisters or crusty lesions filled with bacteria. It's extremely contagious.

Tinea

Fungal infection.

Tinea Pedis

Athlete's foot.

Tinea corporis

Ringworm

Tinea vericolor

pityriasis versicolor. A fungal infection that inhibits melanin production.

Verruca

Warts.

Retention hyperkeratosis

is a hereditary factor in which dead skin cells do not shed from the follicles as they do on normal skin. Excessive sebum production can overtax the sebaceous follicles and cause further cell buildup. Sebum mixed with cells in the follicles become comedones.

Ostium

Term for opening of the follicle.

Sebaceous filaments

Similar to open comedones, are mainly solidified impaction of oil without the cell matter. Also are block the follicle and can cause an acne breakout. Often found in the nose.

Anaerobic

Bacteria that cannot live without the presence of oxygen is called.

Propionbacteria proliferation

When follicles are blocked with sebum and dead skin buildup, oxygen cannot reach the bottom of the follicle.

Androgens

Male hormones - stimulate sebaceous glands.

Grade 1 Acne

Minor breakouts, mostly open comedones, some closed comedones, and a few papules

Grade 2 Acne

Many closed comedones, more open comedones, and occasional papules and pustules

Grade 3 Acne

Red and inflamed, many comedones, papules and pustules.

Grade 4 Acne

Cystic Acne. Cysts with comedones, papules, pustules, and inflammation are present. Scar formation from tissue damage is common.

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