An arrangement between a prosecutor and a defendant whereby the defendant pleads guilty to a lesser charge.
A writ ordering a person to attend a court.
Known as second bill of rights. Allows all groups of people equal protection under the law.
A law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence.
Due Process of Law
Fair treatment through the normal judicial system.
Appellate v. Original Jurisdiction
Original-courts hear cases for first time Appellate-hears cases appealed from lower courts.
Burden of Proof-Civil
Plaintiff must show "preponderance of evidence"
Burden of Proof-Criminal
Prosecution must prove "beyond a reasonable doubt'
Review by the U.S. court of the constitutional validity of an act.
Alternative to jail time. May involve house arrest, lose of privileges, community service.
Release of prisoners based on an agreement to fulfill requirements.