The period when Europe was divided into many small kingdoms. Lasted from about 500 to about 1500; falls between ancient times and modern times.
Latin name for the Middle Ages.
Christianity in the Middle Ages
Many kingdoms were not Christian; Christianity was only common in places that were part of the Roman Empire, such as Italy and Spain, but Christianity spread north.
Missionaries and Monks
Two Christian groups where were responsible for the spread of Christianity in the north.
People sent by the Pope to teach people about Christianity and to try to convert others to Christianity, traveling great distances.
One of the first places where the popes sent missionaries, traveling all over the land.
Missionary not sent by the pope, who took it upon himself to teach about Christianity; traveled alone to Britian and Ireland. Drove all the snakes from Ireland.
Religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities, spending their time in prayer, work and meditation. Also ran schools, collected and saved ancient writing, and served as scribes
communities of monks were built all over Europe in the Middle Ages.
Life in Monasteries
Strictly organized lifestyle that the Monks follwed which were intended to help them live as good Christians. Rules included the day-to-day affairs, how to dress and what to eat.
Italian monk who created a set of rules followed by most European monasteries.
Code of rules for the monks, created by Benedict
Powerful group who conquered Gaul, now France.
The leader of the Franks; led the Franks to Christianity.
Brilliant warrior and strong king who led the Franks in building a huge empire. Was a Christian King who was crowned Emporer by Romans because he conquered part of the former Roman Empire.
Fierce warriors who attacked and destroyed many places in the east.
Most frightening invaders of all who came from Scandinavia who raided Britain, Ireland, looting towns and monasteries, took prisoners to sell into slavery; attacks were swift and savage.
Most powerful force that helped spread Christianity into Northern Europe.