NAME: ________________________

Question Types


Start With


Question Limit

of 68 available terms

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

5 Written Questions

4 Matching Questions

  1. b
  2. d
  3. a
  4. e
  1. a
    This figure shows a frontal section of the kidney. Which number indicates the renal pelvis?
    1
    2
    4
    8
    9
  2. b In the process of urine formation, first:
    filtrate is formed, then tubular fluid, then urine.
    tubular fluid is formed, then filtrate, then urine.
  3. c
    This figure shows a frontal section of the kidney. What structure does number 5 indicate?
    Renal medulla
    Renal lobe
    Renal sinus
    Renal pyramid
    Renal cortex
  4. d Place the regions of the nephron in the correct order for the process of urine formation.
    a: Capsular space of glomerulus
    b: Nephron loop
    c: Collecting duct
    d: Distal convoluted tubule
    e: Proximal convoluted tubule
    a, c, b, e, d
    e, d, b, a, c
    b, e, c, d, a
    b, d, c, e, a
    a, e, b, d, c

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Net filtration pressure is equal to the:
    capsular hydrostatic pressure plus the sum of the blood colloid osmotic pressure and the glomerular hydrostatic pressure.
    glomerular hydrostatic pressure minus the sum of the blood colloid osmotic pressure and capsular hydrostatic pressure.
    capsular hydrostatic pressure minus the sum of the blood colloid osmotic pressure and glomerular hydrostatic pressure.
    blood colloid osmotic pressure minus the capsular hydrostatic pressure.
    glomerular hydrostatic pressure plus blood colloid osmotic pressure minus capsular hydrostatic pressure.
  2. Most tubular reabsorption occurs in the:
    proximal convoluted tubule, where cells have many flagella.
    proximal convoluted tubule, where cells have many microvilli.
    distal convoluted tubule, where cells have many flagella.
    distal convoluted tubule, where cells have many microvilli.
  3. Urine passes from a papillary duct into a:
    major calyx, then to a minor calyx, then to a ureter.
    minor calyx, then to a major calyx, then to the renal pelvis.
    ureter, then to a minor calyx, then to a major calyx.
    renal pelvis, then to a major calyx, then to a ureter.
    collecting duct, then to a minor calyx, then to a major calyx.
  4. Large proteins and red blood cells normally pass freely through the filtration membrane.
    True
    False
  5. ANP is a hormone that causes:
    constriction of the afferent arterioles and release of renin.
    constriction of the afferent arterioles and inhibition of renin release.
    dilation of the afferent arterioles and release of renin.
    dilation of the afferent arterioles and inhibition of renin release.

5 True/False Questions

  1. bThe primary mechanism of water reabsorption in the kidney is:
    primary active transport by means of a protein pump.
    osmosis through aquaporins.
    secondary active transport by means of a sodium-water symporter.
    bulk transport by means of endocytosis.

          

  2. bFluid contained within the lumen of a nephron loop would be considered to be:
    plasma.
    tubular fluid.
    filtrate.
    urine.

          

  3. cParathyroid hormone (PTH):
    stimulates reabsorption of both calcium and phosphate.
    stimulates reabsorption of calcium but inhibits phosphate reabsorption.
    inhibits reabsorption of calcium but stimulates phosphate reabsorption.
    inhibits reabsorption of both calcium and phosphate.

          

  4. bWhich is not correct regarding nephrons?
    The renal corpuscle includes the glomerulus and the glomerular capsule.
    The renal tubule is composed of the proximal convoluted tubule, nephron loop, and distal convoluted tubule.
    The nephron is the functional filtration unit in the kidney.
    Eighty-five percent of nephrons are cortical nephrons.
    The renal corpuscle may be located in the renal cortex or renal medulla.

          

  5. bNutrients such as glucose and amino acids within the tubular fluid:
    are completely secreted.
    are completely reabsorbed.
    have half of their plasma concentration secreted.
    have a little less than half of their tubular fluid concentration reabsorbed.
    have concentrations in the filtrate and urine that match their transport maximum.

          

Create Set