Medical Terminology Chapter 9

93 terms by nikkimariep123 

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nephr(o)

a combining form denoting relationship to the kidney

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

pyel(o)

pelvis of the kidney

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney

nephrectomy

excision or removal of the kidney

lithiasis

condition of stones

nephrolithiasis

kidney stones

nephropathy

disease of the kidney

ptosis

falling

nephroptosis

downward displacement of the kidney

nephrology

the study of, or science of the kidney

ren(o)

a combining form denoting relationship to the kidneys

renal

pertaining to the kidneys

form

resembling

reniform

resembling the kidney (kidney shaped)

cortic(o)

cortex

renocortical

pertaining to the cortex of the kidney

supra

above

suprarenal

located above the kidney, the adrenal gland

pyel(o)

a combining form denoting the pelvis of the kidney

pyelography

roentgenographic (x-ray) study of teh kidney and renal collecting system

pyelitis

inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney

pyeloscopy

examination or observation of the kidney pelvis via a fluoroscope

ectasis

dilation, expansion

pyelectasis

dilation of the kidney pelvis

lith(o)

stone

tomy

incision, cutting into

pyelolithotomy

the operation of removing a renal calculus from the pelvis of the kidney

glomerul(o)

a combining form denoting relationship to the renal glomeruli; a tuft/cluster of capillaries

glomerular

pertaining to the glomerulus

glomerulitis

inflammation of the glomerulus

glomerulopathy

any disease of the glomerulus

cyst(o), cyst(i)

combining forms denoting a relationship to a sac or bladder, most frequently the urinary bladder

cystic

pertaining to a cyst or bladder

cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder

cystoscope

an endoscope for visual examination of the urinary bladder

cystoscopy

visual examination of the urinary bladder

cystostomy

surgical formation of an opening into the urinary bladder

stomy

formation of an opening

cystoptosis

prolapse of the bladder into the urethra

rrhagia

excessive flow, bleeding

cystorrhagia

hemorrhage from the bladder

cystospasm

spasm of the urinary bladder

ureter(o)

a combining form denoting relationship to the ureter

ureteral

pertaining to the ureter

ureteropathy

disease of the ureter

ureterolith

a stone or calculus in a ureter

ureterectomy

excision or removal of the ureter

ectasis

distension

ureterectasis

distension of the ureter

algia

pain

ureteralgia

pain in the ureter

iasis

condition

ureterolithiasis

formation of stones in the ureter

ureteroplasty

plastic surgery of the ureter

urethr(o)

a combining form denoting relationship to the urethra

urethral

pertaining to the urethra

phraxis

obstruction

urethrophraxis

an obstruction of the urethra

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

rrhaphy

suturing

urethrorrhaphy

suturing of the urethra

urethrorrhagia

excessive bleeding from the urethra

urethroectomy

an excision of the urethra

urethroplasty

plastic surgery of the urethra

urethrospasm

spasm of the urethra

uria

a suffix denoting urine or urination

melan(o)

black

melanuria

black or dark discoloration of the urine

dys

difficult, painful

dysuria

painful or difficult urination

an

not, without

anuria

absence of secretion of urine

glycosuria

presence of glucose in the urine

poly

much, many

polyuria

excessive production of urine

olig(o)

scanty, few

oliguria

scanty production of urine (not very much)

albumin

white (protein)

albuminuria

presence of serum albumin in the urine

hemat(o)

blood

hematuria

presence of blood in the urine

noct(i)

night

nocturia

excessive urination at night

bacteriuria

bacteria in the urine

py(o)

pus, suppuration

pyuria

presence of pus in the urine

azote

nitrogen

azoturia

excessive nitrogen in the urine

anti-infectives

agents that can kill infectious agents or prevent them from spreading

diuretics

agents that promote and increase the excretion of urine

nonopioid analgesics

agents (not derived from opium) that provide an analgesic, anesthetic effect on the urinary tract and eliminate urinary spasms

uricosurics

agents that promote the excretion of uric acid in the urine; used in the treatment of gout

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