APUSH Chapter 29

38 terms by dejanm 

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1969-1980

Richard Nixon

President Nixon was interested in international relations more than domestic policy, became isolated in the White House.

Henry Kissinger

Nixons national security adviser and secretary of state later.

Vietnamization

Nixon slowly withdrew US troops from southern Korea and gave the South Koreans money and training to fight North Kore by themselves.

Nixon Doctrine

Declared that future Asian allies would receive US support but not by ground forces.

Kent State

4 youths died in a protest of Nixons invasion of Cambodia; Ohio.

My Lai

1968 massacre of women and children by US troops in My Lai - Vietnam village.

Pentagon Papers

Papers in New York Times documenting the mistakes of the US in the Vietnam war.

Paris Accords of 1973

promised cease fire and free elections in North Vietnam

detente

a deliberate reduction of Cold War tensions

China visit

Nixon visited China to improve relations with "red" communist China

Soviet Union; Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

US came to an agreement with the Soviets on the number of nuclear ballistics missiles they could have

New Federalism

Nixon's idea to give more power to states ; gave them block grants

stagflation

slow economic growth and high inflation ; 1970

southern strategy

Nixon tried to get more people to join the Republicans

Warren Burger

Nixon named him Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court ; was conservative

George McGovern

Democrat running against Nixon in 1972 election ; was against war but lost very badly in the election

Watergate ; articles of impeachment

Nixon and his party were being questioned after being named for having part to do with criminal cover-ups

United States v. Nixon

Nixon was ordered to give tapes that would have evidence of his mischivious activity

War Powers Act (1973)

decreased presidents powers as commander in chieft ; has to report to congress before war actions are taken, etc.

Middle East War (1973)

US sent over supplies to Isreal to help them in a war against the Egyptians and Syrians; Israelites won

OPEC; oil embargo

1973 Arab's cut of oil supply to US and other parts of world as punishment for US helping the Israelites

Gerald Ford

first non-elected president; replaced Nixon after he resigned.

Cambodia; Khmer Rouge

President Ford ordered attack on Cambodian naval base to save US ship Mayaguez ; 39 saved but 38 Marines died.

Bicentennial

celebration of US's 200th anniversary as a country

James Earl Carter

39th President ; Democrat

human rights

human rights advocated by Andrew Young ; appointed by James Carter as ambassador to United Nations

Panama Canal Treaty

1978 - A treaty to eventually give control of the Panama Canal from the US to the Panamanians by the year 2000.

Camp David Accords

1978 -, Peace talks between Egypt and Israel that James Carter helped work between the two.

Iran; hostage crisis

Carter's unsuccessful attempt to free 50 American hostages in Iran over the oil crisis

Afghanistan invasion

Soviets invaded Afghanistan which ended the friendly relations between the US and soviets; embargo's were placed on them

Immigration Act (1965)

ended ethnic quota acts of the 1920s favoring Europeans and opened US to immigrants from everywhere.

Immigration Reform and Control Act

outlawed hiring of undocumented immigrants in US by gave status to immigrants who had lived in US for 5+ years (update of 1965 immigration act)

Mexican Americans

Many came to US after great depression,starting as agricultural workers and some working their way up to positions in office.

Cezar Chavez

a civil rights leader for Mexicans who led boycotts

American Indian Movement

Native American's protesting for equal rights ; took oover Wounded Kneww in protest

Asian Americans

fastest growing minority in the US in 1980's,most from Chinese descent.Some had very good jobs and well educated while many others earned below the nations average

Gay liberation movement

Protest to stop discrimination on gay's and lesbians.

Clean Air act/Clean water act

Act's passed in early 1970's to help preserve the clean air/water in Earth

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