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1400s-1550 C.E. Florence, Italy

when and where the Renaissance began

The Reformation

a movement started by Martin Luther to reform the Catholic Church

the Age of Enlightenment

increased toleration for others, advanced rule by human and natural law, increased secular trends

Renaissance art

involved individualism, revived Classical styles and emotion

Rome

center of the High Renaissance

Neoclassical

late 1700s and 1800s, refers back to classical period, grandeur of antiquity.

Baroque

1600s to 1700s, opulent, intricate, ornate, colorful, appeal to emotions, overwhelming art, geometric patterns, absolutism

absolutism

each person governs own life. in art - subordinating single parts to a whole to complete complex highly unified design

Rococo

began in 1720, increasingly superficial, delicate, lacking grandeur, themes of love, sentiment, pleasure, and sincerity

DaVinci, Michelangelo, Titian, Flemish

main painters of the Renaissance

Michelangelo

painted the Sistine Chapel

William Shakespeare

most famous playwright of the Renaissance/Baroque period

Classical

music of the 1700-1800s

Thomas Jefferson's architectural style

Monticello is a building created by Jefferson in the Neoclassical style

Phillis Wheatley

A slave who was given freedom to learn to read and write and became a poet

bonheur

studied carcasses of cows

The Sorrows of Young Werther

work began Romanticism in literature

music during the Romantic period

beautiful, emotional, lyrical, and expressive melody

Tchaikovsky, Franz Schubert, Richard Wagner, Richard Strauss, Chopin, Brahms

main composers during the Romantic period

ballet during the Romantic period

dangerous, subjective viewpoint and feeling compared to reason. choreographers sought magic and fantasy

Picturesque architecture

pretty as a picture with elements of fantasy

invention of photography

caused more creativity in artists

rodin, monet, renoir

main artists of Impressionism

How George Seurat painted his pictures

with pointelles, lots of dots

Monet's painting habits

set up many canvases at once

purpose of slave music

secret messages and work rythyms created

Blue Nude

Fauvism

Braques and Picasso

best known Cubist painters

elevator

major invention that aided modern architecture

modern period of art

1900 to WWII

Fauvism

appeared in 1905, violent distortion and outrageous coloring, closely related to expressionist movement

Cubism

1901-1912 noted for geometry of its forms

Pop Art

1950s, emphasis on forms and imagery of mass culture

Futurism

focuses on energy, noise, speed, movement

Expressionism

movement in Germany 1905 - 1930, artist viewer response

Grant Wood

Realist painter

Jackson Pollock and Helen Frankenthaler

Abstract Expressionists

modern music

complexity, dissonance, and rejection of tradition, odd tonalities

Postmodern sculpture

mixing of media

Confessionalism

tells the intimate details of the poet or writer in an autobiographical way

Ybor City - Tampa

known for Cuban-American art and culture

Harlem Renaissance

Early 1900 African-American art movement

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