Which of the following concepts conceives of a space and everything in it as a work of art?
Sculptors will often create a "sketch" out of ___ to test ideas before proceeding to their medium of choice.
____ is a sculptural process of bringing together individual pieces, segments, or objects to form a sculpture
Wood is not very durable because
all of these; cold/heat distort is, water rots it, and insects can eat it
Aztec Vase Number 5 by Betty Woodman was made using the technique of
clay slab construction with thrown vessels
Although the chemical composition of ___ changes when exposed to extreme heat, ____ doesn't change chemically when its pliability is altered by heat
The ancient Olmecs of Mesoamerica prized____ for its translucence, which they associated with rainwater
The following is NOT true about art museum architecture
John Russell Pope's National Gallery was initially praised for its innovative style
When a large hall is built using post-and-lintel construction methods, the resulting "virtual forest of columns" is called a
The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles of columns were developed by the Greeks in the______centuries B.C.E., respectively
7th, 6th, and 4th
According to the author, a ______is actually an arch extended in depth, as if there are "many arches placed flush one behind the other.
Builders of Gothic cathedrals reinforced the walls of their architecture from the outside with
both piers and flying buttresses
Using a steel framework with masonry sheathing, the_____, designed by Louis Sullivan, is thought by many to be the first genuinely modern building
The ability of a material to span horizontal distances with a minimum of support is called
Built almost 2000 years ago, the_____is an enduring testament to the Roman use of the arch
Pont du Gard at Nimes
Built for the World's Fair in 1889, the______ was an early experiment in iron construction
The chances that a work of art from ancient times will be found or preserved are greatly increased if
all of these answers are correct
To compensate for the natural distortion in which tall columns appear to bend inward, the Greeks gave then a slight bulge, which is known as
In Egyptian art, the convention of representing social importance by size- for example, where the pharaoh is shown much larger than his subjects is known as
A true arch was developed by______ architects long before the Romans came up with the idea
Although bronze was the favored material for free standing sculpture in Greece, most bronze statues have not survived because
they were melted down to make weapons and other objects
Romans could watch gladiators fight to the death, along with other sporting events, at the
Because Christianity emphasized congregational worship, a fundamental change in the____ was needed.
Architectural design of places to worship
Unlike their Greek and Roman predecessors, Byzantine artists preferred
a flattened, abstracted style of art
The art and architecture of the high Middle Ages is generally divided into two periods, the___ and the___.
Soaring open spaces, pointed arches, ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, and stained glass windows are characteristic of
In his painting___, the artist Duccio pioneered the use of architecture to define space and direct movement
Christ Entering Jerusalem
Which 15th century invention led to the decrease in the practice of illumination by hand
_____ organization, as seen in Masaccio's Trinity with the Virgin, St. John the Evangelist, and Donors, was a popular device among Renaissance artists of Italy
Because many European monarchs of the 17th and 18th centuries ruled with near dictatorial power, this period is often referred to as
The Ages of Kings
In Baroque architecture, wall surfaces often protrude into the viewer's space. In Baroque painting, this same effect is created through the use of
The Baroque painting Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes depicts a story from
The following is true about Rembrandt EXCEPT
He achieved and maintained financial success throughout his life
Among the following artist, whose innovation was it to create group portraits in the setting of an activity, rather than posing the subjects formally?
The first national art museum opened in 1793. This museum, still in operation today is
The Louvre in Paris
The recent manufactured of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th century European artists to make painting a portable activity. The spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by____ artists.
How did Impressionism get its name?
A critic used the term to degrade the movement after seeing the painting Impression: Sunrise and it caught on
During the 1920's, a creative explosion among great African-American artist, musicians, poets, and composers in New York was known as the
The term action painting refers to the fact that this new type of painting
traced the actions of the painter
Which art movement was directly influenced by Sigmund Freud's theories of the unconscious?