HDFS 2400 - Chapter 16

111 terms by courtney_rosen

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Currently, the largest age sector of the U.S. population includes _____-year-olds.

45- to 54

Eriksons psychological conflict of midlife is called _________ versus ________.

generativity; stagnation

Jennifer, age 45, is a Girl Scout leader. She states that she really enjoys giving to and guiding the next generation. According to Erikson, Jennifer has developed a sense of

generativity.

A(n) _________ adult combines the need for self-expression with the need for communion, integrating personal goals with the welfare of the larger social world.

generative

Which of the following is true about generativity?

A cultures belief in the species is a major motivator of generative action, according to Erikson.

The negative outcome of Eriksons midlife stage, stagnation, focuses on

self-indulgence.

Which of the following adults probably has a sense of stagnation?

Jill, who takes little interest in her grown children.

One way adults with a sense of stagnation express their self-absorption is through

lack of interest in young people.

Because Thomas is highly generative, he is also likely to

be open-minded about differing viewpoints.

Which of the following is true about generativity and having children?

Having children seems to foster mens generative development more than womens.

Compared with Caucasians, African Americans

more often engage in certain types of generativity, such as involvement in religious groups.

According to Levinson, middle adulthood begins with a

transitional period.

Betty just celebrated her fiftieth birthday. She celebrated by taking hang-gliding lessons and purchasing a more mature wardrobe. According to Levinson, Betty is engaged in which developmental task?

youngold

Which person is the most likely to be concerned about the physical changes of aging?

Jack, a non-college-educated man.

In early adulthood, Angelina grew distant from her father. Now that she is approaching midlife, Angelina has started making an effort to repair the relationship. According to Levinson, Angelina is engaged in which developmental task?

destructioncreation

Marcus, age 53, is spending a lot of time caring for his young grandson. His subordinates at work have noticed that he has become a kinder, more compassionate boss. According to Levinson, Marcus is engaged in which developmental task?

masculinity-femininity

Which person is more likely to pursue and establish a satisfying life structure?

Michael, who has a supportive family D) Gregory, who is unemployed.

____________ is associated with favorable personality traits and adjustment.

Androgyny

Kim devoted her early adulthood to raising her daughter. When Kim turned 45, she became active in community theater, which had been a passion in adolescence. She also volunteered in the community. According to Levinson, Kim is engaged in which developmental task?

engagement-separateness

In midlife, Janine, a successful dentist with a busy practice, is most likely to

scale back on her career and attend more to herself.

Which of the following is true about people who flexibly modify their identities in response to age-related changes?

They score higher in self-esteem.

As people approach the end of middle adulthood, they focus on _________ goals.

longer-term, less

Which of the following is true about the midlife crisis?

Vaillants work indicated a slow and steady change, rather than a crisis.

Most middle-aged adults asked to describe turning points in the past five years report ones concerning

work.

Womens work-related turning points peak in

early adulthood.

In his mid-forties, Edgar felt enormous turmoil, dissatisfaction, and unhappiness with his life. He decided to quit his job, leave his family, and start a new life on a communal farm in Colorado. Research on midlife crisis indicates that Edgar is

unlike the average middle-aged adult.

The majority of adults who report experiencing a midlife crisis

have a much looser definition of midlife crisis than that of researchers.

Maureen, an attorney, went to law school to become a child advocate. Instead, she accepted a high-paying job at a corporation and was a partner by age 45. When looking back on the last two decades of her life, she wishes she had made different career choices. Maureen is experiencing

life regrets.

Middle-aged adults who come to terms with life disappointments report

greater life satisfaction.

_________ is common in middle adulthood.

Life evaluation

Faith, age 46, tells her sister that she hopes to get a promotion at work and become a grandmother in the next 10 years. She says she is afraid of growing old alone, and plans to move in with an old friend if she does not find a partner before she is 65. Faith is discussing her

possible selves.

Possible selves are the __________ dimension of self-concept.

temporal

As people age, they may rely less on ________ comparisons in judging their self-worth and more on __________ comparisons.

social; temporal

With age, possible selves become

more concrete.

Which possible self is the most likely to be desired by a middle-aged adult?

A person who is a good spouse and parent.

Which of the following is true about possible selves?

They may be the key to continued well-being in adulthood.

Cate, age 49, acknowledges both her good and bad qualities and feels positively about herself and life. Cate exhibits

self-acceptance.

Bruce knows that he is able to manage a complicated array of tasks easily and effectively, which is what makes him such a good administrator. Bruce displays environmental mastery.

environmental mastery.

Raven is less concerned about others expectations than she was in her thirties. She is now more concerned with following her own standards. Raven exhibits

autonomy.

Jay, age 50, is finally comfortable with himself. He is more independent, assertive, and committed to his personal values than he was in early adulthood. Jay probably believes that midlife is

the prime of life.

Midlife brings an increase in

effective coping strategies.

Middle-aged adults are more likely than other adults to

anticipate and plan ways to handle future discomforts.

Moira, age 52, engages in a daily exercise regimen. As a result, she is likely to

see herself as particularly active for her age.

Hart volunteers with Habitat for Humanity. When he is at a work-site, he is so engrossed in activity that he loses all sense of time and self-awareness. Hart is experiencing

flow.

____________ are among the best predictors of psychological well-being in the late forties and early fifties.

Gratifying social ties

The role of marriage in mental health

increases with age.

Which of the following is true about handling multiple roles in midlife?

Control over roles may be vital for individuals with lower educational attainment.

Studies report ___________ in midlife.

that both men and women become more androgynous

Which of the following statements is consistent with the parental imperative theory?

Gender role identity is maintained during active parenting years to help ensure survival of the children.

According to parental imperative theory, after children reach adulthood,

parents are free to express the other-gender side of their personalities.

Which of the following women will probably become increasingly outspoken in her early fifties?

Siobhan, a partner in a law firm

Androgyny in adulthood is associated with

advanced moral reasoning and psychosocial maturity.

Cynthia is imaginative, creative, original, curious, and liberal. She is high on which of these big five personality traits?

openness to experience

Alex is reserved, quiet, passive, sober, and emotionally unreactive. He is low on which of these big five personality traits?

extroversion

Denyse is calm, even-tempered, self-content, comfortable, unemotional, and hardy. She is low on which of these big five personality traits?

neuroticism

Alan is hardworking, well-organized, punctual, ambitious, and persevering. He is high on which of these big five personality traits?

conscientiousness

Sue is soft-hearted, trusting, generous, acquiescent, lenient, and good-natured. She is high on which of these big five personality traits?

agreeableness

Gregor, an adolescent, can be characterized by the big five personality trait of conscientiousness. Gregor

can anticipate that this trait will increase through middle age.

Cross-cultural research on the big five personality traits has led researchers to conclude that

adult personality change is genetically influenced.

The term empty nest is not used as often as in the past to refer to the middle adulthood phase of the family life cycle because

it implies a negative transition, especially for women.

Which of the following is true about marriage and divorce in midlife?

Middle-aged adults seem to adapt more easily to divorce than younger people.

The ____________ of poverty is a trend in which women who support themselves or their families have become the majority of the adult poverty population.

feminization

The gender gap in poverty is

higher in the United States than in other Western industrialized nations.

Following her divorce, 48-year-old Donna reevaluated what she considered important in a healthy relationship. She probably places

greater weight on equal friendship.

Little is known about long-term adjustment following divorce among middle-aged men, perhaps because

most enter new relationships and remarry within a short time.

Which of these factors can prompt parental strain as children depart from the home?

a child who is off-time in development

More Italian young adults reside with their parents until marriage than in other Western nations because

parents believe that moving out without a justified reason signifies that something is wrong in the family.

Parents who were __________ in _________ are more likely to experience contact and closeness with their child in early adulthood.

warm and supportive; middle childhood

Throughout middle adulthood, parents relationships with their young adult children tend to involve

giving more assistance than they receive.

Which characteristic of young adult children is more important for midlife parental adjustment?

psychological adjustment

After all five of her children struck out on their own, Naomi made sure everyone stayed in touch by creating a family blog. She also took charge of gathering the family for celebrations. Naomi is her familys

kinkeeper.

Ron and Raul love being grandparents. They are thrilled to be leaving behind not just one but two generations after death. Which grandparenthood gratification is probably most important to them?

immortality through descendants

A person who lists being a valued elder as a gratification of grandparenthood values

being perceived as a wise, helpful person.

Chet and Leola enjoy being grandparents. They especially value being able to pass family history and values to a new generation. Which grandparenthood gratification is probably most important to them?

reinvolvement with personal past

Which grandparent is the most likely to report frequent visits with grandchildren?

Marion, a maternal grandmother

Compared with grandchildren in intact families, grandchildren in single-parent and stepparent families report

engaging in more diverse, higher-quality grandparent activities.

In many Mexican- and Chinese-American households, the maternal grandmother is

the preferred caregiver for young grandchildren.

Which of the following is true about grandparents who take full responsibility for raising grandchildren?

They often experience considerable emotional and financial strain.

Missy lives with her maternal grandparents, apart from her father and mother. Missy is growing up in a _________ family.

skipped-generation

The most common reason that grandparents step in to raise grandchildren is parental

substance-abuse issues.

Compared with children in divorced, single-parent families or in blended families, children reared by grandparents are

less susceptible to physical illness.

Which of the following is true about middle-aged children and their aging parents?

A longer life expectancy means that adult children and their parents are increasingly likely to grow old together.

Which of the following relationships are usually closer for middle-aged adults and their aging parents?

motherdaughter

Relationships between aging parents and their middle-aged children are

usually positive.

Cindy, age 48, cares for her two teenage sons and her ailing mother-in-law. Along with her mother, she is one of a handful of caregivers for her elderly grandmother. Cindy belongs to the _________ generation.

sandwich

Which of the following people probably provides more direct care and financial support than the others?

Johnna, a middle-income African American

Female caregivers who are employed typically devote ______ hours per week to caring for a disabled aging parent

10 to 20

Which of the following is true about middle-aged children and aging parents who coreside?

The greatest source of stress is problem behavior, especially for caregivers of parents who have deteriorated mentally.

Women who quit work in order to take care of aging parents

generally fare poorly due to social isolation and financial strain.

Most adult siblings report getting together or talking on the phone

at least monthly.

Which event tends to cause an increase in sibling contact and support during middle adulthood?

parental illness

Compared to men, middle-aged women report

providing their friends with more emotional support.

Which statement about friendships during midlife is true?

Friendships become more selective in midlife.

Thelma and Louise became friends when they both took a knitting class together. Lately, the friendship has been difficult. As middle-aged adults, Thelma and Louise are likely to

work hard to preserve the friendship.

Nathan and Sarah have been married for 24 years. When asked to name her best friend, Sarah says, Nathan. Research indicates that Sarahs viewing of Nathan as her best friend

contributes greatly to her marital happiness.

Which of the following is true about vocational life in middle adulthood?

More so than in earlier or later years, people attempt to increase the personal meaning of their vocational lives.

Compared with younger adults, middle-aged workers are more likely to

increase the personal meaning of their work.

Job satisfaction increases in midlife forworkers at all occupational levels.

workers at all occupational levels.

Which of the following middle-aged adults will probably experience the biggest increase in job satisfaction?

Rodney, a male corporate vice president

Which aspect of a workers job satisfaction changes the most during middle adulthood?

happiness with the work itself

Joanne has been teaching middle-school for 22 years. As the new school year approaches, she feels mentally exhausted and unsure if she is making any impact in her students lives. Joanne is experiencing

burnout.

Which adult worker is most likely to suffer from burnout?

Roger, a social worker

Research suggests that training and on-the-job career counseling are

less available to middle-aged employees.

Which of the following is true about job training for older workers?

Older employees depend more on co-worker encouragement for vocational development.

Annette was successful throughout her career as an insurance underwriter. She received excellent job reviews and won two awards for service to the company. However, her third application for a promotion to supervisor was just rejected. Annette seems to have encountered

glass ceiling.

Which of these employees is most likely to encounter a glass ceiling?

Virginia, an African-American woman

Large companies spend less money on formal training programs for their ________ employees.

female

Ginger, a female middle manager, and Geoffrey, a male middle manager, are both promoted to comparable positions. Which of the following can you predict?

Ginger probably has earned higher performance ratings than Geoffrey.

The average age of retirement has decreased in the United States because of

government-sponsored retirement benefits.

Nancy began planning for her retirement at age 46. She decided that she would leave her job soon after she turned 62. Nancys early preparation is important because retirement leads to a loss of

income and status.

Less well-educated people with lower lifetime earnings are the _____________ retirement planning programs.

least likely to attend

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set