Anatomy & Physiology Quiz #9- Endocrine system

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A & P for LPN program

Most hormones are

Released upon stimulation by other hormones

Growth hormone

Promotes growth in long bones and skeletal muscle

What is NOT part of an anterior pituitary hormone

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

The hormone that stimulates follicle development by female ovaries and sperm development by male testes is

Follicle- stimulating hormone

Hypersecretion of growth hormone after long bone growth has ended (as an adult) is called

Acromegaly

Releasing and inhibiting hormones produced by the hypothalamus influence the activities of the

Anterior pituitary gland

An enlargement of the thyroid gland resulting from a deficiency of dietary iodine is called

Goiter

What hormone prods the thyroid gland to release thyroxine

Thyroid- stimulating hormone (TSH)

Alcohol inhibits the secretion of

Antidiuertic hormone (ADH)

What is the body's major metabolic hormone

Thyroid hormone

What element is necessary in the diet for proper thyroid function

Iodine

Hyposecretion of thyroxine in childhood leads to a disease called

Cretinism

What hormone regulates calcium levels in the body

Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone

Rising blood levels of aldosterone cause the kidney tubules to

Reabsorb sodium

Insulin is produced by cells of the pancreatic islets called

beta cells

What hormone decreases blood glucose levels

Insulin

What hormone appears to help regulate our sleep-wake cycle

Melatonin

The hormone that is responsible for the maturation of white blood cells known as T lymphocytes is

Thymosin

The cells in the testes that produce testosterone are called

Interstitial cells

What hormone is produced by the placenta that stimulates the ovaries to continue producing estrogen and progesterone

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

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