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Florida Institute of Animal Arts access

hematology

study of blood

morphology

study of form

erythrocyte

red blood cell

reticulocyte

net cell (immature RBC's containing remnant ribosomes & endoplasmic reticulum)

reticul-

net (network, root word)

polychromasia

condition of many colors (RBC with varies or multicolored staining qualities)

erythr-

red (root word)

morph-

form (shape, root word)

anis-

unequal (root word)

anisocytosis

condition of unequal cells (condition of marked variation in the size of RBC)

anemia

deficiency of red cells (RBC's)

pan

all (prefix)

pancytopenia

deficiency of all cells

leukocyte

white blood cell

leukopenia

deficiency of white cells (WBC's)

leukosytosis

condition of white cells (increased number of WBC's)

neutropenia

deficiency of neutrophils (deceased number of neutrophilic WBC)

bas-

blue (root word)

basophilic

pertaining to blue affinity (things that stain readily w/ basic or blue dyes)

eosin-

red (rosy, dawn, root word)

eosinophilia

condition of red affinity (increased numbers of eosinophilic WBC's)

lymphocytosis

condition of lymph cells (increased numbers of lymphocytic WBC's)

monocytosis

condition of one cell (increased numbers of monocytic WBC's)

polymorphonuclear

pertaining to a multi shaped nucleus

thrombocyte

a clot cell (blood platelets)

hemostasis

process of blood stoppage (process of clotting)

thrombus

a clot

phagocyte

an eating cell (WBC's that ingest foreign organisms and particles)

macrophage

a large eater (phagocytic WBC's found wandering outside the bloodstream)

anticoagulant

one against clotting (agent that prevents the clotting of blood)

hemolysis

process of destroying blood (breakage of RBC's)

hemorrhage

blood escaping (bleeding)

hematoma

blood swelling (localized accumulation of blood between tissues or layers of tissues, due to a break in a blood vessel)

-crit

separate (root word)

hematocrit

separate blood

kary-

nucleus (kernel, root word)

megakaryocyte

large nucleated cell (a cell formed in the bone marrow that contains a very large nucleus & from which platelets are formed)

poikil-

irregular (varied, root word)

poikilocytosis

condition of varied, irregular cells (varied shaped of RBC)

hypoproteinemia

condition of deficient protein of the blood (below normal plasma proteins)

lipemia

condition of fat blood (an excess of fats or lipids in the blood, giving a milky appearance to the blood & plasma)

leukemia

condition of white blood (malignancy of the blood-forming tissues, resulting in excessive numbers of abnormal leukocytes in the blood)

bilirubinemia

condition of bilirubin blood (excessive bilirubin in the blood)

icteric

pertaining to icterus (jaudice, yellow)

icter-

yellow (jaudice, root word)

rubr-

red (rood word)

rubriblast

a red seed (the youngest form of RBC, found only in the bone marrow)

prorubricyte

an early red cell (very young RBC, found in the bone marrow, the next stage of red cell develpment after rubiblast)

rubricyte

a red cell (a young RBC)

metarubricyte

a changed red cell (young RBC, that is about to discharge its nucleus; most common nucleated RBC in circulating blood)

prothrombin

a before clot (clotting factor II, which is a precursor to thrombin in the clotting cascade)

fibrinogen

fiber producing (clotting factor I, which is the precursor to fibrin)

spherocyte

a ball cell (RBC that is round rather than discoid, lacking a zone of central pallor)

stomatocyte

a mouth cell (a poikilocyteic RBC that appears to have a smiley face centrally in the cell)

keratocyte

a horn cell (poikilocytic RBC that appears to have horns)

echinocyte

a hedgehog cell (poikilocytic RBC that appears spiney like a hedgehog)

acanthocyte

a thorn cell (poikilocytic RBC that has multiple (few) irregularly placed projections)

schizocyte

a divided cell (poikilocytic RBC that has been torn into fragments)

echin-

hedgehog shape (root word)

acanta-

thorn shaped (root word)

myelodysplasia

condition of marrow malformation/poor development

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