5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- paradoxic movement of chest wall
- ARDS steps
- a the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral pleura or the parietal pleura and chest wall. As air separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, it destroys the negative pressure of the pleural space.
- b the passage of fluid and solid particles into the lung. It tends to occur in individuals whose normal swallowing mechanism and cough reflex are impaired by a decreased level of consciousness or CNS abnormalities.
- c rate and depth of respiration exceed the demands for oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide removal. (leads to hypocapnia)
- d 1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis
- e During inspiration the unstable portion of the chest wall moves inward, and during exhalation it moves outward, impairing movement of gas in and out of the lungs.
5 Multiple choice questions
- vius invades cells, replicate, kill cells sendinng out debris causing obstruction. smaller airway puts child at risk. S/S include sudden onset, fever, cough, crackles, wheeze, chills. Usually mild and self-limiting, but it can set the stage for a secondary bacterial infection by providing an ideal environment for bacterial growth.
- hypersecretion of mucus and chronic productive cough that continues for at least 3 months of the year, for at least 2 consecutive years. Incidence is increased in smokers, and workers exposed to air pollution. repeated infections are common.
- (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) The immune response to allergens results in antibody production and intiation of the inflammatory response. The lung inflammation, or pneumonitis, occurs after repeated, prolonged exposure to allergens
- Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
- an excessive amount of fibrous or connective tissue in the lung. It can be caused by formation of scar tissue after active disease, or by inhalation of harmful substances (e.g. coal dust or asbestos)
5 True/False questions
pleural pain → a somatic sensation of acute discomfort, precipitated by breathing or coughing; usually described as sharp; present during respiration; absent when breath held, most common type of respiratory system pain
hemoptysis → coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals → higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.
evaluative methods for TB infections → tuberculin skin test, sputum culture, and chest radiograph
coughing → deep breath followed by forceful exhalation from mouth, sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages