5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- most common viral community-acquired pneumonia in adults
- small cell carcinoma
- a form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect
- b Influenza
- c most aggressive type of lung cancer; early and widespread metastasis; usually centrally located
- d coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
- e the passage of fluid and solid particles into the lung. It tends to occur in individuals whose normal swallowing mechanism and cough reflex are impaired by a decreased level of consciousness or CNS abnormalities.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- dyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
- Inflammatory obstruction of the small airways of bronchioles. Most common in children. Usually occurs with chronic bronchitis in adults, but may also be seen in association with a viral infection.
- Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
- 1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis
- mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
5 True/False Questions
cyanosis → a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
Most common postoperative pulmonary problems → atelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and pulmonary emboli. These problems usually results in reduced FRC, decreased compliance, and ventilation-perfusion mismatch.
acute respiratory distress syndrome → characterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing. Apnea lasting 15 to 60 seconds is followed by ventilations that increase in volume until a peak is reached, after which ventilation decreases again to apnea. Results from any condition that slows the blood flow to the brain stem.
toxic gas exposure → 1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis
extrinsic allergic alveolitis → hypersecretion of mucus and chronic productive cough that continues for at least 3 months of the year, for at least 2 consecutive years. Incidence is increased in smokers, and workers exposed to air pollution. repeated infections are common.