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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. open pneumothorax
  2. signs of asthma
  3. abscess
  4. pulmonary fibrosis
  5. hypercapnia
  1. a a circumscribed area of suppuration and destruction of lung parenchyma. Formation follows consolidation of lung tissue, in which inflammation causes alveoli to fill with fluid, pus and microorganisms.
  2. b Direct communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE
  3. c the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  4. d an excessive amount of fibrous or connective tissue in the lung. It can be caused by formation of scar tissue after active disease, or by inhalation of harmful substances (e.g. coal dust or asbestos)
  5. e dyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. deficiency of oxygen in the blood
  2. higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.
  3. those that involve the central nervous system, thorax, or upper abdomen. Individuals usually have had a period of hypotension during surgery, and many have sepsis
  4. smokers are at a higher risk for this, especially if they have a preexisting lung disease. Limited cardiac reserve, chronic renal failure, chronic hepatic disease, and infection also increase the tendency to this.
  5. coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs

5 True/False questions

  1. manifestations of ARDScollapse of lung tissue, may be compression or absorption


  2. pneumoconiosisthis represents any change in the lung caused by inhalation of inorganic dust particles, which usually occurs in the workplace. This usually occurs after years of exposure to the offending dust, and manifestations are often difficult to differentiate from those resulting from smoking.


  3. chronic bronchitisInflammatory obstruction of the small airways of bronchioles. Most common in children. Usually occurs with chronic bronchitis in adults, but may also be seen in association with a viral infection.


  4. silicosisa bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes


  5. acute respiratory distress syndromecharacterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing. Apnea lasting 15 to 60 seconds is followed by ventilations that increase in volume until a peak is reached, after which ventilation decreases again to apnea. Results from any condition that slows the blood flow to the brain stem.


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