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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. most common viral community-acquired pneumonia in adults
  2. aspiration
  3. orthopnea
  4. small cell carcinoma
  5. hemoptysis
  1. a form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect
  2. b Influenza
  3. c most aggressive type of lung cancer; early and widespread metastasis; usually centrally located
  4. d coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
  5. e the passage of fluid and solid particles into the lung. It tends to occur in individuals whose normal swallowing mechanism and cough reflex are impaired by a decreased level of consciousness or CNS abnormalities.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. dyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
  2. Inflammatory obstruction of the small airways of bronchioles. Most common in children. Usually occurs with chronic bronchitis in adults, but may also be seen in association with a viral infection.
  3. Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
  4. 1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis
  5. mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth

5 True/False Questions

  1. cyanosisa bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes

          

  2. Most common postoperative pulmonary problemsatelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and pulmonary emboli. These problems usually results in reduced FRC, decreased compliance, and ventilation-perfusion mismatch.

          

  3. acute respiratory distress syndromecharacterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing. Apnea lasting 15 to 60 seconds is followed by ventilations that increase in volume until a peak is reached, after which ventilation decreases again to apnea. Results from any condition that slows the blood flow to the brain stem.

          

  4. toxic gas exposure1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis

          

  5. extrinsic allergic alveolitishypersecretion of mucus and chronic productive cough that continues for at least 3 months of the year, for at least 2 consecutive years. Incidence is increased in smokers, and workers exposed to air pollution. repeated infections are common.

          

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