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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. small cell carcinoma
  2. signs of asthma
  3. community-acquired pneumonia
  4. tension pneumothorax
  5. Surgical procedures which carry higher risk for postoperative respiratory failure.
  1. a most aggressive type of lung cancer; early and widespread metastasis; usually centrally located
  2. b dyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
  3. c commonly caused by streptococcus pneumoniae. has a relatively low overall mortality rate (higher in smokers and elderly populations)
  4. d the site of pleural rupture acts as a one-way valve, permitting air to enter on inspiration but preventing its escape by closing up during expiration. Causes compression atelectasis
  5. e those that involve the central nervous system, thorax, or upper abdomen. Individuals usually have had a period of hypotension during surgery, and many have sepsis

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis
  2. group of lung cancers that includes squamos cell carcinoma
  3. characterized by airway obstruction that is worse with expiration. Either more force is required to expire a given volume of air or emptying of the lungs is slowed or both. unifying sign= dsypnea, unifying symptom=wheezing
  4. higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.
  5. results from removal of air because of destroyed alveoli or from inhaling pure O2 (ie. drugs- becomes hypoxemic b/c can't exchange gases or ie after surgery due to inhaling anesthetics)

5 True/False Questions

  1. nosocomial pneumoniaoften caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae; is the only form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination, bactera enter the lung through bloodstream inflammatroy response cause dead cell debries to obstruct airway. whinitis, coough, high fever, chills, chest pain, nasal flaring, retratctions

          

  2. asthma is caused byenvironmental factors and genetics. There is also a "hygiene hypothesis" to explain cause

          

  3. pleural effusionthe presence of fluid in the pleural space. The source of fluid is usually blood vessels or lymphatic vessels lying beneath either pleura, but occasionally the source in an abscess or other lesion that drains into the pleural space.

          

  4. Cheyne-Stokes respirations(hyperpnea) deep, gasping associated w/ diabetic ketoacidosis

          

  5. hypercapniathe presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood

          

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