5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- compression atelectasis
- toxic gas exposure
- community-acquired pneumonia
- bronchiolitis obliterans
- a caused by external pressure (ie exerted by tumor, fluid, or air in lung space) causing alveoli to collapse because of pressure on lung
- b a late-stage fibrotic process that occludes the airways and causes permenant scarring of the lungs. This is most common after lung transplantation (affects nearly 50% of recipients)
- c commonly caused by streptococcus pneumoniae. has a relatively low overall mortality rate (higher in smokers and elderly populations)
- d coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
- e results in inflammatory damage to the airways and plumonary edema
5 Multiple choice questions
- tuberculin skin test, sputum culture, and chest radiograph
- rest, aspirin, humidity, and a cough suppressant such as codeine.
- rapid, shallow breathing, respiratory alkalosis, dyspnea, decreased lung compliance (flexibility), unresponsive hypoxemia.
- smokers are at a higher risk for this, especially if they have a preexisting lung disease. Limited cardiac reserve, chronic renal failure, chronic hepatic disease, and infection also increase the tendency to this.
- Inflammatory obstruction of the small airways of bronchioles. Most common in children. Usually occurs with chronic bronchitis in adults, but may also be seen in association with a viral infection.
5 True/False questions
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea → a somatic sensation of acute discomfort, precipitated by breathing or coughing; usually described as sharp; present during respiration; absent when breath held, most common type of respiratory system pain
hypercapnia → the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
pneumothorax → the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral pleura or the parietal pleura and chest wall. As air separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, it destroys the negative pressure of the pleural space.
acute respiratory distress syndrome → respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia. this syndrome is due to severe inflammatory damage causing abnormal permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
extrinsic allergic alveolitis → hypersecretion of mucus and chronic productive cough that continues for at least 3 months of the year, for at least 2 consecutive years. Incidence is increased in smokers, and workers exposed to air pollution. repeated infections are common.