5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- bronchiolitis obliterans
- clinical manifestations of pneumonia
- pleural effusion
- acute respiratory distress syndrome
- a the presence of fluid in the pleural space. The source of fluid is usually blood vessels or lymphatic vessels lying beneath either pleura, but occasionally the source in an abscess or other lesion that drains into the pleural space.
- b a late-stage fibrotic process that occludes the airways and causes permenant scarring of the lungs. This is most common after lung transplantation (affects nearly 50% of recipients)
- c respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia. this syndrome is due to severe inflammatory damage causing abnormal permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- d deficiency of oxygen in the blood
- e most cases are preceded by an upper respiratory infection, which is usually viral. This is followed by the onset of cough, dyspnea, and fever. symptoms include cough, chills, malaise, and pleuritic chest pain.
5 Multiple choice questions
- a type of pneumoconiosis resulting from the inhalation of free silica (silicon dioxide) and silica-containing compounds. occurs in mining and other industries involved with the extraction and processing of ores, prep and use of sand, and manufacture of pipe, building, and roofing materials
- abnormal enlargement of distal phalanges as a result of diminished O2 in blood
- those that involve the central nervous system, thorax, or upper abdomen. Individuals usually have had a period of hypotension during surgery, and many have sepsis
- decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis
- Sudden attacks of shortness of breath that usually occur during sleep. Person wakes gasping for breath and sits up to relieve symptoms; associated with left ventricular heart failure.
5 True/False questions
cyanosis → a type of pneumoconiosis resulting from the inhalation of free silica (silicon dioxide) and silica-containing compounds. occurs in mining and other industries involved with the extraction and processing of ores, prep and use of sand, and manufacture of pipe, building, and roofing materials
manifestations of ARDS → rapid, shallow breathing, respiratory alkalosis, dyspnea, decreased lung compliance (flexibility), unresponsive hypoxemia.
tuberculosis → an infection caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, an acid-fast bacillus that usually affects the lungs by may also invade other body systems, bacterial infection of lungs, spread by airborne droplets, active infection may not occur for years, s/s tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, night sweats, cough and sputum production increase over time
open pneumothorax → Direct communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE
pulmonary fibrosis → this represents any change in the lung caused by inhalation of inorganic dust particles, which usually occurs in the workplace. This usually occurs after years of exposure to the offending dust, and manifestations are often difficult to differentiate from those resulting from smoking.