5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- small cell carcinoma
- Kussmaul respiration
- acute respiratory distress syndrome
- a most aggressive type of lung cancer; early and widespread metastasis; usually centrally located
- b difficult or labored respiration. Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing, or of being unable to get enough air. It is a common symptom of respiratory disease
- c the passage of fluid and solid particles into the lung. It tends to occur in individuals whose normal swallowing mechanism and cough reflex are impaired by a decreased level of consciousness or CNS abnormalities.
- d respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia. this syndrome is due to severe inflammatory damage causing abnormal permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- e (hyperpnea) deep, gasping associated w/ diabetic ketoacidosis
5 Multiple choice questions
- group of lung cancers that includes squamos cell carcinoma
- vius invades cells, replicate, kill cells sendinng out debris causing obstruction. smaller airway puts child at risk. S/S include sudden onset, fever, cough, crackles, wheeze, chills. Usually mild and self-limiting, but it can set the stage for a secondary bacterial infection by providing an ideal environment for bacterial growth.
- Direct communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE
- an infection caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, an acid-fast bacillus that usually affects the lungs by may also invade other body systems, bacterial infection of lungs, spread by airborne droplets, active infection may not occur for years, s/s tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, night sweats, cough and sputum production increase over time
- diaphragm can't move down, caused by problem with ventilation. congential or other deformity. Trauma, neuromuscular disease, decreases tidal volume
5 True/False questions
bronchiolitis obliterans → a late-stage fibrotic process that occludes the airways and causes permenant scarring of the lungs. This is most common after lung transplantation (affects nearly 50% of recipients)
hypocapnia → the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
manifestations of ARDS → rapid, shallow breathing, respiratory alkalosis, dyspnea, decreased lung compliance (flexibility), unresponsive hypoxemia.
coughing → deep breath followed by forceful exhalation from mouth, sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages
tension pneumothorax → Direct communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE