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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. most common viral community-acquired pneumonia in adults
  2. Surgical procedures which carry higher risk for postoperative respiratory failure.
  3. cyanosis
  4. spontaneous pneumothorax
  5. pleurisy
  1. a Influenza
  2. b those that involve the central nervous system, thorax, or upper abdomen. Individuals usually have had a period of hypotension during surgery, and many have sepsis
  3. c occurs unexpectedly in healthy individuals between the ages 20 and 40 years. it is most often caused by the spontaneous rupture of blebs (blister-like formations) on the visceral pleura.
  4. d a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
  5. e inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath. Associated with exudate effusion. Pleural friction rub may be heard over areas of extensive effusion.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. difficult or labored respiration. Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing, or of being unable to get enough air. It is a common symptom of respiratory disease
  2. (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) The immune response to allergens results in antibody production and intiation of the inflammatory response. The lung inflammation, or pneumonitis, occurs after repeated, prolonged exposure to allergens
  3. dyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
  4. 1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis
  5. group of lung cancers that includes squamos cell carcinoma

5 True/False Questions

  1. hemoptysisaccumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest), seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.


  2. pneumoniarespiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants


  3. hypoxemiadeficiency of oxygen in the blood


  4. pneumonia in immunocompromised individualshigher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.


  5. obstructive pulmonary diseasecharacterized by airway obstruction that is worse with expiration. Either more force is required to expire a given volume of air or emptying of the lungs is slowed or both. unifying sign= dsypnea, unifying symptom=wheezing


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