5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- risk factors for lung cancer
- paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
- acute respiratory distress syndrome
- a infected pleural effusion; the presence of pus in the pleural space, it is a complication of respiratory infection. Thought to develop when the pulmonary lymphatics become blocked.
- b Sudden attacks of shortness of breath that usually occur during sleep. Person wakes gasping for breath and sits up to relieve symptoms; associated with left ventricular heart failure.
- c more common in African Americans, most common cause is cigarette smoking, numbers are rising for women.
- d the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
- e respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia. this syndrome is due to severe inflammatory damage causing abnormal permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
5 Multiple choice questions
- Direct communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE
- group of lung cancers that includes squamos cell carcinoma
- infectious inflammatory process of the lung parenchyma that originates in the hospital (pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia.
- an infection caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, an acid-fast bacillus that usually affects the lungs by may also invade other body systems, bacterial infection of lungs, spread by airborne droplets, active infection may not occur for years, s/s tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, night sweats, cough and sputum production increase over time
- tuberculin skin test, sputum culture, and chest radiograph
5 True/False questions
signs of asthma → 1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis
bronchiogenic carcinomas → Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
pulmonary fibrosis → The collection of fluid in the alveoli, particularly dangerous because it impedes gas exchange. Common causes of pulmonary edema are increased pulmonary blood pressure or infection of the respiratory system. signs and symptoms: crackles, dyspnea and tachypnea, peripheral edema, cough with pink frothy sputum
clubbing → deep breath followed by forceful exhalation from mouth, sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages
clinical manifestations of pneumonia → commonly caused by streptococcus pneumoniae. has a relatively low overall mortality rate (higher in smokers and elderly populations)