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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. bronchiectasis
  2. pulmonary fibrosis
  3. extrinsic allergic alveolitis
  4. hypoventilation
  5. sputum
  1. a an excessive amount of fibrous or connective tissue in the lung. It can be caused by formation of scar tissue after active disease, or by inhalation of harmful substances (e.g. coal dust or asbestos)
  2. b (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) The immune response to allergens results in antibody production and intiation of the inflammatory response. The lung inflammation, or pneumonitis, occurs after repeated, prolonged exposure to allergens
  3. c respiratory rate remains abnormally low and is insufficient to meet the demands for normal oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide removal. (most common cause of hypercapnia)
  4. d mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
  5. e persistent abnormal dilation of the bronchi. It usually occurs in conjunction with other respiratory conditions and can be caused by obstruction of an airway with mucous plugs, atelectasis, aspiration of foreign bodies, infection, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, congenital weakness of the bronchial wall, or impaired defense mechanisms.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. tuberculin skin test, sputum culture, and chest radiograph
  2. deficiency of oxygen in the blood
  3. infected pleural effusion; the presence of pus in the pleural space, it is a complication of respiratory infection. Thought to develop when the pulmonary lymphatics become blocked.
  4. group of lung cancers that includes squamos cell carcinoma
  5. decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis

5 True/False questions

  1. tuberculosiscollapse of lung tissue, may be compression or absorption


  2. flail chestfracture of two or more adjacent ribs in two or more places that allows for free movement of the fractured segment. Results in instability of a portion of the chest wall, causing paradoxic movement of the chest with breathing. usually associated with significant underlying lung contusion.


  3. cyanosisa bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes


  4. silicosisa bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes


  5. obstructive pulmonary diseasecharacterized by airway obstruction that is worse with expiration. Either more force is required to expire a given volume of air or emptying of the lungs is slowed or both. unifying sign= dsypnea, unifying symptom=wheezing


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