5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Surgical procedures which carry higher risk for postoperative respiratory failure.
- toxic gas exposure
- extrinsic allergic alveolitis
- nosocomial pneumonia
- a results in inflammatory damage to the airways and plumonary edema
- b the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral pleura or the parietal pleura and chest wall. As air separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, it destroys the negative pressure of the pleural space.
- c those that involve the central nervous system, thorax, or upper abdomen. Individuals usually have had a period of hypotension during surgery, and many have sepsis
- d (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) The immune response to allergens results in antibody production and intiation of the inflammatory response. The lung inflammation, or pneumonitis, occurs after repeated, prolonged exposure to allergens
- e infectious inflammatory process of the lung parenchyma that originates in the hospital (pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Direct communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE
- most cases are preceded by an upper respiratory infection, which is usually viral. This is followed by the onset of cough, dyspnea, and fever. symptoms include cough, chills, malaise, and pleuritic chest pain.
- persistent abnormal dilation of the bronchi. It usually occurs in conjunction with other respiratory conditions and can be caused by obstruction of an airway with mucous plugs, atelectasis, aspiration of foreign bodies, infection, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, congenital weakness of the bronchial wall, or impaired defense mechanisms.
- group of lung cancers that includes squamos cell carcinoma
- a circumscribed area of suppuration and destruction of lung parenchyma. Formation follows consolidation of lung tissue, in which inflammation causes alveoli to fill with fluid, pus and microorganisms.
5 True/False Questions
cyanosis → a type of pneumoconiosis resulting from the inhalation of free silica (silicon dioxide) and silica-containing compounds. occurs in mining and other industries involved with the extraction and processing of ores, prep and use of sand, and manufacture of pipe, building, and roofing materials
bronchiogenic carcinomas → Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
hypocapnia → decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis
Cheyne-Stokes respirations → diaphragm can't move down, caused by problem with ventilation. congential or other deformity. Trauma, neuromuscular disease, decreases tidal volume
pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals → this represents any change in the lung caused by inhalation of inorganic dust particles, which usually occurs in the workplace. This usually occurs after years of exposure to the offending dust, and manifestations are often difficult to differentiate from those resulting from smoking.