5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- most common viral community-acquired pneumonia in adults
- Surgical procedures which carry higher risk for postoperative respiratory failure.
- spontaneous pneumothorax
- a Influenza
- b those that involve the central nervous system, thorax, or upper abdomen. Individuals usually have had a period of hypotension during surgery, and many have sepsis
- c occurs unexpectedly in healthy individuals between the ages 20 and 40 years. it is most often caused by the spontaneous rupture of blebs (blister-like formations) on the visceral pleura.
- d a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
- e inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath. Associated with exudate effusion. Pleural friction rub may be heard over areas of extensive effusion.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- difficult or labored respiration. Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing, or of being unable to get enough air. It is a common symptom of respiratory disease
- (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) The immune response to allergens results in antibody production and intiation of the inflammatory response. The lung inflammation, or pneumonitis, occurs after repeated, prolonged exposure to allergens
- dyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
- 1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis
- group of lung cancers that includes squamos cell carcinoma
5 True/False Questions
hemoptysis → accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest), seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.
pneumonia → respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
hypoxemia → deficiency of oxygen in the blood
pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals → higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.
obstructive pulmonary disease → characterized by airway obstruction that is worse with expiration. Either more force is required to expire a given volume of air or emptying of the lungs is slowed or both. unifying sign= dsypnea, unifying symptom=wheezing