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nat turner's rebellion

Rebellion in which Nat Turner led a group of slaves through virginia in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow and kill planter families

american colonization society

A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors just wanted to get blacks out of their country.

elias howe

Invented the sewing Machine

wilmot proviso

Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico

popular sovereignty

The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free

compromise of 1850

Forestalled the Civil War by instating the Fugitive Slave Act , banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession

fugitive slave law

law that said you had to return runaway slaves to their owners tension btwn N & S~north opposed slavery and they refused to enforce the law, especially abolitionists

webster-ashburton treaty

treaty resolving several border issues between the United States and the British North American colonies, particularly a dispute over the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border

joseph smith

religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844)

brigham young

United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith

edgar allen poe

wrote The Raven, had a morbid sensibility, questioned human goodness and died at an early age from alcoholism

dorthea dix

dedicated to improving conditions for the mentally ill. led movement to build new mental hospitals and improve existing ones

william lloyd garrison

1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.

frederick douglass

United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)

elizabeth cady stanton

A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott

horace mann

Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education, he was a prominent proponent of public school reform, and set the standard for public schools throughout the nation.

harriet beecher stowe

wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin

dred scott decision

Landmark court decision that ruled that slaves were property and antislavery laws were unconstitutional

abolition

Movement to end slavery

freeport doctrine

Idea authored by Stephen Douglas that claimed slavery could only exist when popular sovereignty said so

kansas-nebraska act

created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries

nativism

the belief that native-born Americans are superior to foreigners

transcendentalism

any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material

bleeding kansas

Term referring to bloodshed over popular sovereignty in a particular western territory

fort sumter

Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War

jefferson davis

President of the Confederate States of America

antietam

the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with almost 23,000 casualties. After this "win" for the North, Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation

robert e lee

General of the Confederates (South)

U.S. Grant

Leader of Northern Army during Civil War - Later becomes president

merrimac

an iron-clad vessel built by the Confederate forces in the hope of breaking the blockade imposed by the North

gettysburg

The most violent battle of the American Civil War and is frequently cited as the war's turning point, fought from July 1 - July 3, 1863.

appomattox

This was the last battle of the Civil War that ended in a Union victory. It ended the war.

appomattox

This was the last battle of the Civil War that ended in a Union victory. It ended the war.

morrill land grant act

of 1862, in this act, the federal government had donated public land to the states for the establishment of college; as a result 69 land- grant institutions were established.

wade davis bill

bill passed by congress and vetoed by president lincoln that would have given congress control of reconstruction

13th amendment

abolished slavery

15th amendment

This amendment granted black men the right to vote.

andrew johnson

A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.

radical republicans

After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South.

freedmans bureau

The bureau's focus was to provide food, medical care, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor, and establish schools.

black codes

Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves

border states

in the civil war the states between the north and the south: delaware, mayland, kentucky, and missouri

carpetbaggers

A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states;

compromise of 1877

Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river

copperheads

a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War

draft riots

violent disturbances in New York City that were the culmination of discontent with new laws passed by Congress to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.

ex parte milligan

case that ruled that the application of military tribunals to citizens when civilian courts are still operating is unconstitutional.

scalawags

southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction

sharecropping

system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops

10% plan

said a southern state could organize a government when 10% of the people had taken an oath

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