Art Terminology

Created by DaniDelRio 

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Acrylic Paint

Pigments mixed with an acrylic vehicle. Has a plastic base.

Analogous Colors

Colors that are closely related and similar on the color wheel such as RED, RED ORANGE, ORANGE

Bas Relief

Low relief or sunken materials in sculpture: raising off the flat surface in a low manner

Black

All colors on the color wheel mixed equally together

Canvas

Rough cloth, on which a painted, usually stretched over a wooden frame

Color

Ann element of art that is derived from reflected light. The sensation of color is aroused in the brain by response of the eyes to difference wavelengths of light. Color has three properties: Hue, Value, and Intensity

Collage

An art form that involves tearing or cutting pre painted piece of material or magazine shapes which are then applied to a board to create a whole image

Color Wheel

The Color spectrum bent into a circle

Complementary Color

THe colors opposite each other on the color wheel such as BLUE and ORANGE

Cool Colors

Cool colors suggest coolness and seem to recede from the veiwer

Dry Brush

Applying paint to a canvas or paper, predominantly watercolor, with little or no water on the brush

Glazing

Laying a thin layer of watered down painting with a gloss medium to give the painting a finished touch and/or an antiqued look

Gouche

Opaque watercolor

Hue

The name of the color in the color spectrum

Impressionism

Style of art that uses light play and energetic brushstrokes to give an impression of a slice of life

Intensity

THe brightness or dullness of a color. Pure hue is called a high intensity color. Intensity is one of the three properties of color

Linseed Oil

A mixture added to oil paint to extend the drying time

Local Color

An objects actual color in white light

Maskoid or Friskit

White glue like substance that allows you to white out certain areas on watercolor paper that you wish to remain white

Maquette

a small preliminary model for a sculpture

Neutrals

Colos on the color wheel that come from mixing all colors in a variety of degrees (gray, browns, beiges)

Oil Paints

Pigment mixed with oil. Takes longer to dry, allowing the painter to lay down the color in translucent layers

Palette (paper)

A thin board with a hole for the thumb used for mixing paints. A waxy paper is also used for mixing colors.

Primary Colors

RED, YELLOW and BLUE-the colors from which all other colors re derived

Saturation

The brightness or dullness of a color

Scumbling

A painting technique that allows you to take a somewhat dry brush with paint and apply it to the canvas leaving textured marks

Secondary Color

GREEN, ORANGE, and VIOLET. Created by mixing 2 primary colors

Tempera Paint

Paint made by mixing pigments with egg yoke or another liquid. School poster paint is a type of tempera

Tint

A light value of hue made by mixing the hue with white. Opposite of shade

Tertiary Colors

Colors created by mixing one primary color and one secondary color

Turpenoid

A turpentine substitute that helps to maneuver oil paint on the canvas

Watercolor

Water soluble paints that have a very fresh and delicate pigment

Warm Colors

RED, ORANGE and YELLOW. Warm colors suggest warmth and seem to move toward the viewer

WAsh

A faint and watered down application of watercolor, acrylic or oil paint to begin your painting

Wet into Wet

A watercolor technique that you use by wetting the paper first, then laying on a juicy plume of color and letting the color fan out into other colors

White

Absence of color

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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