A & P Chapter 11 & 12 Quiz

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156 terms · Donald C. Rizzo (author) Quiz that Dr. J gave us.

True

1.) True or false: A deep bridge of nerve fiber known as the corpus callosum connects the two cerebral hemispheres.

False (Cerebrum)

2.) True or False: The cerebellum is the largest portion of the brain.

True

3.) True or False: The sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system prepares the body for stressful situations that require energy expenditure, such as by increasing heartbeat and respiratory rate to flee from a threatening situation.

True

4.) True or false: The parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system operates under normal non-stressful conditions.

False (Iris)

5.) True or false: The sclera regulates the amount of light that enters through the pupil.

True

6.) True or false: Tetanus is caused by the introduction of the bacterium Clostridium tetani into an open wound.

True

7.) Ture or false: Otitis media is another name for a middle ear infection, a common occurrence in young children.

False (Encephalitis)

8.) True or false: Cerebral palsy is a condition caused by inflammation of brain tissue, usually caused by a virus and transmitted by the bite of a mosquito.

True

9.) True or false: Color blindness is an X-chromosome inherited genetic trait occurring more frequently in males, resulting in the inabiliity to perceive one or more colors.

False (Tympanic membrane)

10.) True or false: The eardrum is also called the external meatus.

False (Elderly)

11.) True or false: Cataracts usually develop in children.

False (too much aqueous humor)

12.) True or false: Glaucoma is caused by a lack of aqueous humor in front of the lens.

True

13.) True or false: Consistent mental activity leads to mental alertness and a healthy brain.

True

14.) True or false: The endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete their homones directly into the bloodstream.

False (Stimulates milk production in mammary glands)

15.) True or false: Lactogenic hormone (LTH), also known as prolactin, stimulates the production of ova in the female ovary.

True

16.) True or false: The pineal gland produces the hormone melatonin.

False (serotonin is a neurotransmitter in the CNS)

17.) True or false: The pineal gland produces the hormone serotonin.

True

18.) True or false: There are three classifications of hormones: modified amino acids, proteins and steroid hormones.

False (extreme nervousness, fatigue and an elevated rate of body metabolism)

19.) True or false: Hyperthyroidism in adults results in sluggishness, fatigue and fluid accumulation in subcutaneous tissues.

False (Low rate of metabolism causing sluggishness, being too tired to perform daily tasks and an accumulation of fluid.

20.) True or false: Hypothyroidism causes nervousness, high body metabolism and fatigue.

True

21.) True or false: Parathormone causes bone cells to release calcium and phosphorous into the blood.

True

22.) True or false: Vitamin D helps to increase absorption of calcium by the small intestine.

False (On top of each Kidney)

23.) True or false: The adrenal glands are embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid gland.

True

24.) True or false: A decline in blood glucose can cause nervous system malfunctions, since glucose is a main source of energy for nerve cells.

True

25.) True or false: Growth hormone increase protein synthesis and the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates.

True

26.) True or false: Adenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete it's hormones, including cortisol.

True

27.) True or false: Some of the side effects of anabolic steroids are shriveled testes and infertility, changes in blood cholesterol levels that could lead to heart disease, damage to the liver, a puffy face and mental problems.

Gryi

28.) The elevations or folds on the surface of the cerebrum are called ________(b) _________.

Longitudinal Fissure

29.) The prominent fissure that separates the cerebrum into right and left halves or hemispheres is the ________(a) ____________.

Sclera

30.) The white, outermost layer of the eyeball, composed of tough connective tissue, is the ________(d)_________.

Fovea Centralis

31.) The area of sharpest vision in the retina of the eye is known as the _________(c)__________.

Retina

32.) The innermost layer of the eye is called the ______(d)______.

Optic Disk

33.) The area of the retina where the nerve fibers leave the eye is known as the ________(a)_________.

Tympanic Membrane

34.) The membrane that separates the external ear canal from the middle ear is known as the __________(a)________.

Meningitis

35.) Inflammation of the meninges caused by bacterial or viral infection that results in headache, fever and a stiff neck is known as ________(b)_________.

Presbyopia

36.) A condition that is a normal part of aging, commonly occurring during the forties and resluting in a decrease in the ability of the eye to accommodate for near vision is known as ___________(c)_________.

Myopia

37.) The ability to see close objects but not distant ones is known as ________(a)_________.

Epilepsy

38.) A disorder in which certain parts of the brain are overactive, producing convulsive seizures and possible loss of consciousness is __________(d)__________.

Encephalitis

39.) An inflammation of brain tissue, usually caused by a virus and transmitted by a mosquito bite, is known as _________(c)_________.

Parkinson's Disease

40.) A disease characterized by tremors of the hand when resting and a slow, shuffling walk with rigidity of muscular movements is known as ___________(b)__________.

Papillae

41.) Elevations of the tongue are called _______(a)________.

Ciliary Body

42.) The part of the eye that consists of smooth muscles that hold the lens in place is called the ________(b)_________.

Iris

43.) The colored part of the eye is called the _____(d)_______.

Cerumen

44.) Another name for earwax is ________(a)________.

Auricle

45.) The flexible, visible part of the ear (ear flap) is called the _____(c)_____.

Pupil

46.) The opening in the center of the colored part of the eye, which allows light to enter the eye, is known as the _____(b)_______.

Cornea

47.) The transparent part of the outermost layer of the eye is the _______d)________.

Rods

48.) The photo-sensitive cells in the retina that function in dim light, but do not produce color vision are called the ______(a)________.

Cones

49.) The photo-sensitive cells in the retina that requires lots of light and produce color vision are called the ________(b)_______.

Ventricles

50.) The cavities within the brain that connect with each other, with the subarachnoid space of the meninges and with the cnetral canal of the spinal cord are called the ________(a)________.

Medulla Oblongata

51.) The part of the brain that contains all of the ascending and descending tracts that connect between the spinal cord and various parts of the brain is called the ______(c)________.

Hypothalamus

52.) The part of the brain that controls our feelings of rage and aggression, contains the body's thirst center and maintains waking and sleeping patterns it the ________(c)_______.

Glaucoma

53.) A condition caused by excessive pressure buildup in the aqueous humor, which can constrict blood vessels entering the eye is known as _________(a)________.

Choroid

54.) The second layer of the eye, which contains blood vessels and pigment cells is known as the _________(b)_______.

Sympathetic

55.) Caffeine functions in the same way as the ________(a)_______ division of the autonomic nervous system.

Acromegaly

56.) The condition caused by excessive secretion of the growth hormone after childhood and characterized by enlarged face, hands and feet is known as ________(b)________.

Exophthalmia

57.) Bulging of the eyeballs due to hyperthyroidism is known as _________c)_________.

Vasopressin

58.) The hormone that maintains the body's water balance by promoting increased water reabsorption by the kidneys is the antidiuretic hormone known as _________(d)________.

Cretinism

59.) A condition due to hypothyroidism in young children in which the child is mentally retarded and does not grow to normal stature is known as ______(c)_______.

Cushing's Syndrome

60.) The condition caused by too much secretion from the adrenal cortex, resulting in puffy skin, obesity, a moon-shaped face and masculinizing changes in women is known as _________(b)_________.

Calcitonin

61.) The hormone that lowers the calcuim and phosphate ion concentration of the blood by inhibiting the release of calcium phosphate ions from the bones and by increasing the excretion of these ions by the kidneys is _____(a)_______.

Diabetes Mellitus

62.) A common condition of the endocrine system in which the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin, resulting in chronic elevations of glucose in the blood is known as _______(b)______.

Addison's Disease

63.) A condition of the adrenal cortex characterized by bronzing of the skin, decreased blood soduim, low blood glucose, low blood pressure, fatigue, listlessness and dehydration is called _______d)_______.

Beta Cells

64.) The group of cells in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas that are responsible for secreting insulin are the _____(b)_____.

Glucagon

65.) The hormone secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreas that is responsible for stimulating the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose when blood sugar levels are extremely low is ______(c)______.

Dwarfism

66.) Too little growth hormone secreted before puberty, as a result of abnormal development of the pituitary gland, results in a condition known as ______(a)______.

Diabetes Insipidus

67.) A condition of the pituitary gland due to a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in which an individual produces 20 to 30 liters of urine daily and can become severely dehydrated is known as _____(a)_____.

Hypophysis

68.) The pituitary gland, considered the "master gland" of the endocrine system is also called the ________(C)_________.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone

69.) The hormone that stimulates development of the follicles in the ovaries is _____(a)_____.

Hypothyroidism

70.) A lack of or low level of thyroid hormones is called ________(c)_______.

Grave's Disease

71.) A disease caused by overproduction of thyroid hormone, often associated with an enlarged thyroid gland or goiter and bulging eyeballs is known as _______(b)_____.

Glycoduria

72.) The medical term for an excessive amount of glucose (sugar) in the urine is _____(d)______

Androgens

73.) The male sex hormones that stimulate development of male sexual characteristics are known as _______(a)________.

Polydipsia

74.) The medical term for excessive thirst is ______(c)_____.

Polyuria

75.) The medical term for excessive increase in urine production is ______(b)______.

Polyphagia

76.) The medical term for excessive eating (eating abnormally large amounts of food) is _______(a)______.

Hyperglycemia

77.) The medical term for an excessive amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is ________(c)________.

Thymosin

78.) The thymus gland secretes the hormone ______(b)_________.

Negative Feedback Loop

79.) When the concentration of a particular hormone reaches a certain level in the body, the endocrine gland that secreted that hormone is inhibited and the secretion of that hormone ceases or decreases significantly. This is known as _______(a)______.

ADH

80.) Diabetes insipidus is caused from a deficiency in the hormone_______(a)______.

Insulin

81.) Diabetes mellitus is caused from a deficiency in the hormone ______(c)______.

Growth Hormone

82.) The anterior pituitary gland produces ______(d)_______.

Thyroxine

83.) The thyroid gland produces ______(b)_____.

Adrenal Glands

84.) The suprarenal glands are also called the _______(a)_______.

Aldosterone

85.) The mineralocorticoid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that is responsible for the regulation of sodium reabsorption and potassium excretion by the kidneys is _______(b)_______.

Glucagon

86.) Alpha cells of the pancreas secrete _______(c)________.

Melatonin

87.) Bright light inhibits the secretion of ______(d)______.

Thymus

88.) Which gland is critical in the development of the immune system? (d)

Glaucoma

89.) ________ is a condition caused by excessive pressure buildup in the aqueous humor, which can constrict blood vessels entering the eye.

Hyperopia

90.) The ability of the eye to see distant objects but not close ones is known as farsightedness or _________.

Cerebellum

91.) The _________ is the second largest portion of the brain and functions as a reflex center in coordinating complex skeletal muscular movements, maintaining proper body posture and keeping the body balanced.

Optic Disk

92.) The __________ is also known as the blind spot of the eye.

Vitreous Humor

93.) The posterior part of the eye is filled with ____________, which maintains ocular pressure, refracts or bends light and holds the retina and lens in place.

Ceruminous

94.) The ear canal is lined with hairs and modified sebaceous glands called ___________ glands.

Myopia

95.) The ability to see close objects but not distant ones is known as nearsightedness or __________.

Conjunctivitis

96.) A bacterial, viral or allergic infection of the conjunctiva of the eye is called __________.

Motion SIckness

97.) Constant stimulation of the semicircular canals of the inner ear due to the motion of a car, boat or airplane, resulting in nausea and weakness, causes a condition known as ____________.

Diencephalon

98.) The ____________ is superior to the midbrain and between the two cerebral hemispheres.

Taste Buds

99.) The __________ are the sensory structures for taste found on the tongue.

Cornea

100.) The transparent part of the sclera is called the _____________.

Iris

101.) The __________ regulates the amount of light that enters through the pupil.

Aneurysm

102.) A(n) ________ is an enlargement or dilation of a blood vessel wall, commonly referred to as a ballooning.

Cataracts

103.) __________develop when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy due to a buildup of protein materials.

Multiple Sclerosis

104.) ________________ is a disease caused by progressive demyelination of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.

Rabies

105.) ________ is an acute viral, fatal disease that affects the central nervous system. It is transmitted to humans through a bite with virus-containing saliva.

Tay-Sachs

106.) ____________ disease is a genetically inherited, incurable disease caused by abnormal lipid metabolism that produces severe brain dysfunction.

Endocrine

107.) __________ glands secrete their hormones directly into the bloodstream, where they are carried to target organs.

Acidosis

108.) ____________ is a state of increased acidity of the blood due to the breakdown of fats when the blood sugar level is very low.

Homeostasis

109.) ___________ is a state of balance in the internal environment of the body within certain narrow limits, via the chemical control of the endocrine system.

Cortisone

110.) __________, a steroid closely related to cortisol, is given as a medication to reduce inflammation and as a treatment for arthritis.

Gigantism

111.) ________________ occurs as a result of excessive secretion of the growth hormone before the bones stop growing.

Oxytocin

112.) _____________, secreted by the posterior pituitary gland, is a hormone that stimulates smooth muscle contraction.

Suprarenal

113.) The adrenal glands are also known as the _____________ glands.

Medulla

114.) The adrenal glands are made up of the adrenal cortex and the adrenal ______________.

Polyuria

115.) The term for an increase in urine production is ____________.

Testosterone

116.) The principal male sex hormone is _____________.

Progesterone

117.) The female hormones that cause the development of female reproductive structures and secondary female sexual characteristics are estrogen and ______________.

Oxytocin

118.) The hormone responsible for causing contraction of uterine smooth muscles during childbirth is _________.

Iodine

119.) The component of salt in the United States that is necessary for the thryoid gland to function properly is ________________.

Testes

120.) The principal male sex hormone, testosterone, is produced by the _____________.

Ovaries

121.) The female hormones are produced by the _________.

Thymosine

122.) The thymus gland produces the hormone _____________ and is crucial to the development of the immune system.

Ovaries

123.) The hormones estrogen and progesterone are secreted by the ___________.

Cortex, Medulla

124.) The outer part of the adrenal gland is called the adrenal _____________, while the inner part of the adrenal gland is called the adrenal _____________

Seasonal Affective

125.) _________________ disorder occurs in individuals who are sensitive to an overproduction of melatonin that occurs in climate zones that have cloudy winter months with little bright sunshine.

Aldosteronism

126.) ________________ is caused by too much secretion of aldosterone, one of the mineralocorticoid hormones from the adrenal cortex.

Stress

127.) _________________ is caused by many and varied external environmental influences such as worry over finances, examinations and grades, relationships, employment, etc.

Adrenogenital Syndrome

128.) _________________ occurs due to excessive secretions of androgens from the adrenal cortex.

Olfactory Nerve

129.) c. Conveys impulses related to smell.

Optic Nerve

130.) a. Conveys impulses related to sight.

Oculomotor Nerve

131.) b. Controls movements of the eyeball and regulates the size of the pupil.

Trochlear Nerve

132.) e. Controls eye movements.

Trigeminal Nerve

133.) d. Controls chewing movements

Facial Nerve

134.) e. Controls muscles of facial expression.

Vagus Nerve

135.) d. Controls movements in the pharynx, larynx and palate.

Accessory Nerve

136.) c. Helps control swallowing and movements of the head.

Hypoglossal Nerve

137.) b. Controls muscles involved in speech and swallowing.

Vestibulocochlear Nerve

138.) a. Transmits impulses related to equilibrium and hearing.

Motion Sickness

139.) e. Constant stimulus of the simicircular canals.

Glaucoma

140.) d. Excessive pressure buildup in the aqueous humor.

Presbyopia

141.) c. Decreased ability to accommodate for near vision.

Conjunctivitis

142.) h. Bacterial, viral or allergic infection of the conjunctiva of the eye.

Myopia

143.) a. Nearsightedness.

Hyperopia

144.) b. Farsightedness.

Color Blindness

145.) f. Inability to perceive one or more colors.

Otitis Media

146.) g. Middle ear infection.

Thyroid Gland

147.) d. Thyroxine

Anterior Pituitary

148.) c. Growth Hormone (GH)

Adrenal Cortex

149.) e. Cortisol

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