The Free Speech Movement was sparked by restrictions on students' rights to
distribute literature and recruit volunteers for political causes.
For her book The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan interviewed Smith College graduates and found that most of the women
reported having everything they could want, but still felt unfulfilled.
In University of California Regents v. Bakke, the Supreme Court ruled that
schools could use race but not quotas for determining admissions.
To push for better wages and benefits for farmworkers, César Chávez organized a successful
Some opponents of bilingualism argued that
total immersion in English was the soundest road to educational success.
The incident at Three Mile Island left many people in great doubt about the
safety of nuclear energy.
The part of the Educational Amendments that prohibited federally funded schools from discriminating against girls and young women in nearly all aspects of their operations was
In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court ruled that
states could not regulate abortion in the first three months of pregnancy.
Affirmative action called for companies and institutions to
actively recruit African American employees.
In Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that
busing was constitutional.
At Love Canal, residents experienced health problems because
an old toxic waste dump under the community was leaking into the ground.
The creation of Earth Day was significant because it
brought many generations together toward a common goal, united many different socio-economic groups in United States, was a positive movement in an era of negativity.
What two events motivated the Students for a Democratic Society to action?
African American discrimination and the threat of nuclear warfare.
What factor do you think led to the increase in higher education?
The economic boom of the 1950s enabled families to afford college tuitions.
What can you infer about the rise of the youth movement?
The youth movement started because there were more young people, and they were better educated.
When did the Equal Rights Amendment become part of the Constitution?
Never, because it did not get ratified.
Which legislation of the 1970s guaranteed that state universities had to offer an equal number of scholarships to female athletes as to male athletes?
Describe some typical actions of the American Indian Movement (AIM).
Fight discrimination by police officers & prevent use of excessive force by police officers.
What is affirmative action?
An employer had to try to hire an African American for an open position, it is considered to be reverse discrimination.
In the passage of Silent Spring, why are the birds gone?
They are dead, because they ingested the pesticides used to kill insects.
Many of the religious groups embraced by members of the counterculture centered around
The early 1960s saw a phenomenon that fueled the youth movement—the rapid increase in
The 1960s gave birth to a conspicuous youth movement, which challenged the American political and social system and conventional
What movement was sparked in Berkeley, California, when the university decided to restrict the students' rights to distribute literature and to recruit volunteers for political causes on campus?
Free Speech Movement.
Where did SDS leaders orchestrate an eight-day occupation of several buildings to protest the administration's plan to build a new gym in an area that served as a neighborhood park?
Columbia University in New York City.
One of the forces that helped bring the women's movement to life was
the President's Commission on the Status of Women.
What outlawed job discrimination by private employers not only on the basis of race, color, religion, and national origin, but also of gender?
Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
A new organization, the idea of Betty Friedan, reflected the diverse goals of the modern feminist movement and was named the
National Organization for Women.
Although about 47 percent of American women were in the workforce in the 1960s, generally they were shut out of
higher paying and prestigious professions.
In 1966 César Chávez and Dolores Huerta merged their organizations that fought for the rights of farmworkers to form the
United Farm Workers.
The Indian Civil Rights Act recognized the legitimacy of local reservation law and guaranteed reservation residents the protections of
the Bill of Rights.
Who founded the political party La Raza Unida, which called for job-training programs and greater access to financial institutions?
José Angel Gutiérrez.
Leaders of the civil rights movement began to focus their energies on gaining good jobs for African Americans and
Who founded People United to Save Humanity, or PUSH, a group aimed at registering voters, developing African American businesses, and broadening educational opportunities?
Congress passed the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act in 1966 and for the first time set federal safety regulations for the
Scientists established the Environmental Defense Fund and used its contributions for a series of legal actions across the country to halt
Many observers point to April 1970, as the clearest beginning of the environmental movement with the celebration of
any members of the counterculture "dropped out" and lived in _______, sharing living arrangements with other youths.
___________ is the belief that men and women should be equal politically, economically, and socially.
Critics of affirmative action viewed it as a form of _________ discrimination, excluding qualified white workers from jobs, promotions, and school placement because of positions set aside for minorities.
To desegregate schools, many local governments instituted _________, requiring students to be transported to schools outside their neighborhoods to achieve greater racial balance.
Many Hispanics wanted _________ in school, with classes taught in their own language while they were learning English.
The counterculture originally held up a(n) _________ ideal: the ideal of a society that was freer, closer to nature, and full of empathy, tolerance, and cooperation.
Two new religious groups that attracted considerable attention beginning in the 1960s were the Unification Church and the ________ movement; both were offshoots of established religions from abroad.
Protesters often bought their ____ in military surplus stores because the items they purchased there expressed their rejection of materialist values and blurred the lines of social class.
Unlike other groups demanding more assimilation into mainstream society, many Native Americans wanted greater __________ from it.
Court decisions ratified Native American authority to impose _______ on businesses on their reservations and to perform other sovereign functions.
When California growers resisted the demand for union recognition and increased wages and benefits for workers, César Chávez organized a nationwide boycott of ________, one of California's largest agricultural products.
Busing prompted a wave of opposition from many whites, who responded by taking their children out of public schools in what came to be called "_________."
first African American mayor of Atlanta whose efforts opened job opportunities for minority contractors
wrote the book The Feminine Mystique, which led to the rise of a new feminist movement
prohibited federally funded schools from discriminating against girls and young women in nearly all aspects of their operations, from admissions to athletics
organized by African American members of Congress to represent the concerns of African Americans
Congressional Black Caucus
the practice of teaching immigrant students in their own language while they also learned English
a militant group of Native Americans who viewed the government's reform efforts as too modest
American Indian Movement
called for companies and institutions doing business with the government to recruit African American employees
a manifesto calling for policies to create greater economic opportunities on reservations
Declaration of Indian Purpose
created to set and enforce pollution standards, promote research, and coordinate anti-pollution activities with state and local governments
Environmental Protection Agency