5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Gideon v. Wainwright
- Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
- Bakke v. Regents of the University of California
- Marbury v. Madison
- Lemon v. Kurtzman
- a 1978--Ambiguous ruling by a badly divided court that dealt with affirmative action programs that used race as a basis of selecting participants. The court general upheld affirmative action, but with a 4/4/1 split, it was a very weak decision.
- b 1971 defining government actionsin dealing with religion--must not inhibit or advance religion and does not entangle the goverment with religion.
- c Established exclusionary rule; illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in court; Warren Court's judicial activism.
- d 1803 established the principle of judicial review
- e 1963 ruling that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- 1954 case that overturned Separate but Equal standard of discrimination in education.
- A New Jersey law allowing reimbursements of money to parents who sent their children to school (public and private) on buses operated by the public transportation system did not violate the establishment clause or the 1st and 14th Amendments.
- 1973 ruling that decriminalized abortion.
- Provided test for determining which parts of Bill of Rights should be federalized - those which are implicitly or explicitly necessary for liberty to exist.
- Ordered House districts to be as near equal in population as possible (extension of Baker v. Carr to Congressional districts).
5 True/False Questions
Baker v. Carr (1962) → Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools by virtue of 1st Amendment's establishment clause and the 14th Amendment's due process clause; Warren Court's judicial activism.
U.S. v. Lopez (1995) → Use of 14th Amendment's equal protection clause to stop the Florida recount in the election of 2000.
Gregg v. Georgia (1976) → State death penalties (as then applied) are arbitrary and violate equal protection of 14th Amendment.
Escobedo v. Illinois → 1973 ruling that determined the obscenity clause to related to works that lack literary, artisitic, political or scientific value. (LAPS test)
Griswold v. Connecticut → 1965 decision that the Constitution implicitily guarantees citizens' right to privacy.