5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Barron v Baltimore (1833)
- Furman v. Georgia (1972)
- Everson v Board of Education (1942)
- Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
- Korematsu v. U. S.
- a Established exclusionary rule; illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in court; Warren Court's judicial activism.
- b T1941--he court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War 2.
- c State death penalties (as then applied) are arbitrary and violate equal protection of 14th Amendment.
- d A New Jersey law allowing reimbursements of money to parents who sent their children to school (public and private) on buses operated by the public transportation system did not violate the establishment clause or the 1st and 14th Amendments.
- e The guarantee in the 5th Amendment that private property shall not be taken "for public use, without just compensation" is not applicable to state governments as well as the federal government.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 1819--The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the United States; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States.
- Anarchist calling for overthrow of the government. Established precedent of federalizing Bill of Rights (applying them to States); States cannot deny freedom of speech - protected through due process clause of Amendment 14
- 1978--Ambiguous ruling by a badly divided court that dealt with affirmative action programs that used race as a basis of selecting participants. The court general upheld affirmative action, but with a 4/4/1 split, it was a very weak decision.
- "One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to be as near equal as possible in population; Warren Court's judicial activism.
- 1964--Ruled that a defendant must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning by police.
5 True/False questions
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) → Flag-burning is symbolic speech with a political purpose and is protected by 1st Amendment.
Duncan v. Louisiana → 1966 ruling that upon arrest, a suspect has the right to remain silent and the right to consult with a lawyer.
Palko v. Connecticut (1937) → Ruled a harsher sentence as a result of a new trial won on appeal does not violate double jeopardy.
Miler v. California → 1973 ruling that determined the obscenity clause to related to works that lack literary, artisitic, political or scientific value. (LAPS test)
Brown v. Board of Education → 1954 case that overturned Separate but Equal standard of discrimination in education.