5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Schenck v. United States
- Miler v. California
- Gideon v. Wainwright
- Epperson v. Arkansas (1968)
- Barron v Baltimore (1833)
- a 1919--Case involving limits on free speech. Established the "clear and present danger" principle.
- b The guarantee in the 5th Amendment that private property shall not be taken "for public use, without just compensation" is not applicable to state governments as well as the federal government.
- c 1973 ruling that determined the obscenity clause to related to works that lack literary, artisitic, political or scientific value. (LAPS test)
- d 1963 ruling that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
- e Prohibited states from banning the teaching of evolution.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Right to an impartial jury
- More leeway for states in regulation abortion, though no overturning of Roe v. Wade. Upholds MO law prohibiting abortion in public hospitals; shift in composition of court. (Later cases allow 24-hour waiting periods, parental consent for minors, etc.)
- 1819--The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the United States; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States.
- 1819--New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the U. S. Constitution; upholds the sanctity of contracts.
- 1803 established the principle of judicial review
5 True/False Questions
Mapp v. Ohio (1961) → Established exclusionary rule; illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in court; Warren Court's judicial activism.
Brown v. Board of Education → A New Jersey law allowing reimbursements of money to parents who sent their children to school (public and private) on buses operated by the public transportation system did not violate the establishment clause or the 1st and 14th Amendments.
Abbington v. Schempp (1963) → Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools by virtue of 1st Amendment's establishment clause and the 14th Amendment's due process clause; Warren Court's judicial activism.
Engel v. Vitale (1962) → Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools by virtue of 1st Amendment's establishment clause and the 14th Amendment's due process clause; Warren Court's judicial activism.
Brandenburg v. Ohio → 1803 established the principle of judicial review