APUSH WWII

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Germany invades europe 1938

germany invades Austria and the sudetenland

Munich Pact 1938

-between prime minister Nevill Chamberlain and french premier paladier sign along with hitler and mussolini
-germany and italy promise not to take over any more land

Germany invades Poland 1939

-officially starts WWII
-U.S. stays neutral
-Blitzkrieg-"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939

Rome-Tokyo-Berlin axis 1940

-italy, japan, germany create a mutual defense pact
-warns the U.S. that it would get into a two front war

Atlantic chapter 1940

-FDR and churchill meet on a ship in the atlantic and agree to basic believes about the rights of nation and of citizens in the world

Selective Service Act 1940

-Draft in U.S.
-1st peacetime draft

New Bedfellows 1941

Germany and the USSR sign the Molotov-Rippentrop pact agreeing to divide poland and creating a nonaggression pact

Four freedoms speech 1941

-FDR's state of the union address touches on four specific freedoms that all people deserve
-speech, religion, from want, from fear

Lend Lease Act 1941

U.S. agrees to "lend" weapons and britain would lease army bases

December 7, 1941

-a day that will live in infamy
- japan drops a bomb on Pearl harbor

George Marshall

Army chief of staff during World War II

douglas macaurthur

-Commanded the American army forces in the South Pacific; Known for his legendary "I will return"; orchestrated the surrender of the Japanese; became ruler of Japan.
- US general in WWII and the Korean War, was called the living legend. Pres. Hoover ordered him to remove the bonus army from Anacostia Flats with guns and tear gas. One child ended up dying. He called the bonus army "communist agitators"

Chester Nimitz

United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)

Dwight d. eisenhower

He was the U. S. general who led the attack in North Africa in Nov. of 1942.He was the master organizer of the D-Day invasion in Europe (June 6, 1944). He ran for the Republican ticket in the 1952 and the1956 elections and won. He was very well liked by the public.

george patton

U.S. army general who directed the campaign in North Africa, led the Third Army out of Normandy and assisted with the Battle of the Bulge in WW II

omar bradley

A general of the twentieth century. Bradley commanded the United States ground forces in the liberation of France and the invasion of Germany in World War II.

nuremberg trials

Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes

leapfrogging or island hopping

strategically choosing island to attack

doolittle raid

make a statement to tell japan that the U.S. will come for them

midway island

The last American base in the north Pacific west of Hawaii. Which was attacked by the Japanese known as "The Battle of Midway". Huge turning point in the war due to crushing blow dealt to the Japanese Navy after trying to ambush awaiting US Navy. Due to a American's break of Japanese Navy secret code.

japanese internment camps

camps for Japanese that the president thought was safe and to have a place where the Japanese people there can be questioned.

korematsu vs. U.S.

In 1944, the Supreme Court upheld the government's policy of detaining Japanese Americans in internment camps, even when there was no specific evidence that they posed a danger to American security. The Court justified the policy as a military necessity in wartime.

navajo code talkers

-navajo native american language impossible to crack
-a navajo was on every ship to communicate and translate

A Philip Randolph

America's leading black labor leader who called for a march on Washington D.C. to protest factories' refusals to hire African Americans, which eventually led to President Roosevelt issuing an order to end all discrimination in the defense industries.

Executive Order 8802

In 1941 FDR passed it which prohibited discriminatory employment practices by fed agencies and all unions and companies engaged in war related work. It established the Fair Employment Practices Commission to enforce the new policy.

war conferences

-U.S., soviet, and Great Britain met to talk about war tactics
-march 1945-yalta- stabilize europe, move forward
- june 1945-potsdam-(suburb of berlin) strong communist soviet presence in europe

Containment policy

keep communism from spreading

Truman Doctrine

threat of communism in Greece and Turkey

George Kennan

diplomat "father of the containment policy"

Marshall Plan

a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)

John Foster Dulles

Eisenhower's Sec. of State; harsh anti-Communist; called for more radical measures to roll back communism where it had already spread (containment too cautious)

Brinksmanship

The principle of not backing down in a crisis, even if it meant taking the country to the brink of war. Policy of both the U.S. and U.S.S.R. during the Cold War.

Harry Truman

The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery.

Fair Deal

Truman's extension of the New Deal that increased min wage, expanded Social Security, and constructed low-income housing

loyalty review board

group that administered loyalty oaths (loyal to U.S. government)

GI bill

gave federal money to soldiers in war to go to college, created demand for housing

22nd amendment

limits presidents to two terms or 10 years

united nations

1. General Assembly
2. Security council- 5 countries permanent, 7 that switch out
permanent- U.S., China, Soviet Union, Britain, France

DMZ

Demilitarized zone in korea

China

Communist leader- Mao Zedong
Democratic leader- Chang kai-chek

38th parallel

The latitude line were North and South Korea are split into two countries, USSR (north), and U.S. (south)

McCarthyism

The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.

Joseph McCarthy

United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)

HUAC

The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda,

Rosenbergs

Husband and wife tried/excuted for treason under suspecision of communist influence and trading atomic bomb secrets with the Soviet Union

Alger Hiss

A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.

Checker speech

Nixon's televised speech as a vice presidential candidate in response to scandal that he had a "slush fund" equated his indiscretion to a cute cocker spaniel puppy, result: stayed on ticket

kruschev

USSR( second leader, berlin wall, secret speech, cuban missiles)communist reformer, a leader of soviet union and communism. responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union. (1953-64)

Kitchen Debate

was a famous discussion between Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev. It signaled that the U.S acknowledged their setback in technology since Nixon focused on technological luxuries.

manhattan project

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

Robert Oppenhimer

Scientist who worked on manhattan project.

Uss Arizona

sank in 9 minutes with 1177 crew aboard; stands as the memorial to Pearl Harbor

opa

The Office of Price Administration, a New Deal organization created to control prices after the outbreak of WWII to control inflation and stabilize prices. It also had the power to ration scarce goods such as tires, automobiles, shoes, sugar, and gasoline among other things. It was abolished in 1947.

rationing during WWII

The demand for raw materials and supplies created shortages so many products were rationed to make sure enough were available for military use. Meat and sugar were rationed to provide enough for the army. To save gasoline and rubber, gasoline was rationed, driving was restricted, and the speed limit was set at 35 mph. Every month each household would pick up a book of ration coupon. Blue coupons, called blue points, controlled meats, fats, and oils. Other coupons controlled items such as coffee and sugar. When people bought food, they also had to give enough coupon points to cover their purchases.

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