Medical Law & Ethics Final 2013 (1)

66 terms by mona_13

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The total care of patients whose disease is no longer responsive to curative therapy is

palliative care

Failure to perform an action that a reasonable person would have committed in a similar situation is

negligence (nonfeasance)

The accepted method of correcting medical record errors is

draw a line through the error and write the correction above with the date and initials of the person making the correction

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 protects persons __________ or older against employment discrimination.

40 years

Reciprocity is the practice of

cooperation by which a state grants a license to practice medicine to a physician already licensed in another state

The quality of being virtuous is called

morality

A number assigned to an employer for purposes of identification is the

employer identification number

The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act

permits competent adults to allow posthumous use of their organs through a written document

Literally, "let the master answer." A doctrine under which an employer is legally liable for the acts of his or her employees, if such acts were performed within the scope of the employees' duties

respondeat superior

DEA registration numbers are available to:

physicians & pharmacists

Castration or sterilization of another person without legal permission is considered to be

assault and battery

Eugenic sterilization is

sterilization of certain persons to assure they will not pass defective genes to their children

The purpose of the gatekeeper is to

approve hospitalizations, approve tests before they are given, approve all non-emergency services

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 makes it illegal for an employer to discriminate on the basis of:

gender

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 requires the employer to make:

reasonable accommodations for disabled employees

The Workers' Compensation Act protects workers and their families from financial problems resulting from

employment-related injury, disease, or death

Due process in the workplace refers to

the right of all employees to certain procedures when their rights are in jeopardy

Enforcement of drug sales and distribution is through the:

Food and Drug Administration

Intentional torts include:
(they occur when a person has been intentionally or deliberately injured by another)

all of the above

Medicaid is a

federal program of care for the poor implemented by states

The thing speaks for itself applies to the law of negligence and is the doctrine of

res ipsa loquitur

An associate practice is a legal agreement in which the physicians

share responsibility for legal actions of each other

share a facility and staff

share the loss and profits

all of the above

share a facility and staff

Monetary awards by a court to a person who has been harmed in an especially malicious or willful way are

punitive damages

The Wagner Act of 1935 (NLRA) gives employees the right to

form and join unions, bargain collectively, and strike for better benefits and working conditions

A private or public healthcare entity that facilitates the processing of nonstandard electronic transactions into HIPAA transactions is a

clearinghouse

Which definition best describes utilitarianism?

ethical theory based on the principle of the greatest good for the greatest number

The board of examiners in each state grants licensure through

all of the above

In a managed care organization, financial risk is shared by the

all of the above

A business operation of a medical practice in which two or more physicians are responsible for the actions of each, including debts, is called a/an

partnership

Negligence is composed of four elements:

duty, dereliction of duty, direct or proximate cause, and damages

Medical records are usually exempt from state open-record laws except when

the benefit of disclosure for the public interest (safety) outweighs confidentiality

The reasonable effort that a healthcare provider uses to limit disclosure of patient information is referred to as

minimum necessary standard

The National Organ Transplant Law of 1984

forbids the sale of organs

The concern for the human subject in medical experimentation is the result of the

Nuremberg Code

An allegation of a criminal act by a physician requires that the

act be reported to the state licensing board or governmental agency

A woman's right to privacy, including the right to an abortion, is guaranteed by

Roe v. Wade

Right-to-life advocates argue that

the right of the unborn child takes precedence over the right of the mother

Common law is established

through court decision

The medical practice acts are established by

the state legislature

To win a wrongful-death case, the plaintiff must prove

negligence

A program of management-financed and confidential counseling and referral service designed to help employees and/or their family members assess a problem is the

EAP

A fine imposed by the federal government for employers not contributing to Social Security for their employees is mandated by the

Federal Insurance Contribution Act

COBRA of 1985 provides that a company with 20 or more employees must provide extended healthcare insurance to terminated employees for up to

18 months usually at the employee's expense.

All medical records should be stored for

10 years from the date of the last entry

The father of medicine, who wrote a statement of principles for his medical students to follow, is

Hippocrates

A person appointed by the court to speak on behalf of an incapacitated party is called the

guardian ad litem

Performing a wrong and illegal act is considered

malfeasance
feasance
nonfeasance
misfeasance

malfeasance

Bioethicists are

specialists who give thought to ethical concerns as they pertain to medicine and medical research

Extending equal pay requirements to all persons who are doing equal work is

comparable worth

A court order for a witness and certain documents to appear in court is a

subpoena duces tecum

The members of a professional corporation are known as

shareholders

When an employer lends an employee to someone else, this is called

borrowed servant doctrine

The statute of limitations for a case begins to run

when the injury is discovered

Medicare and Medicaid forbid discrimination in __________ through Title VI.

patient-care institutions

An unfair dislike or preference against someone is called

bias

The use of communications and information technologies to provide healthcare services to people at a distance is known as

telemedicine

The individual or group that provides or pays for the patient's medial care is the

healthcare plan

Issues discussed in the context of advanced medical technology are called

bioethics

The intentional killing of the terminally ill person is called

active euthanasia

1. The Congress is the __________ branch of the federal government for the United States.

legislative

The purpose of a "chain of command" for healthcare decisions is to

provide decision making by the most qualified person

Responsibility for action in employment is ultimately assigned to the

employer

The Civil Rights Act of 1991 permits the court to award __________ to mistreated employees.

compensatory damages
punitive damages
A and B

A and B

A healthcare organization covered under HIPAA regulations is a

covered entity

Any action taken to prevent pregnancy from occurring is

contraception

AID is the same as

artificial insemination donor

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set