Elements of Poetry

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Mrs. Norton's English Nine Class

Poetry

a literary form that combines the precise meanings of words with their emotional associations, sounds, and rhythms.

Stanzas

grouping of lines

Couplets

stanzas with two lines

Quatrains

stanzas with four lines

Figurative Language

a way of expressing ideas or feelings in a fresh way

Metaphors

comparing two apparently unlike things

Similes

making comparisons by using connecting words

Personification

language that attributes human qualities to non-human things

Onomatopoeia

the use of a word whose sound imitates its meaning

Imagery

the descriptive language poets use to create word pictures, or images

Sensory Language

the details related to senses

Sound Devices

the way for poets to achieve a musical quality

Rhythm

the pattern created by the stressed and unstressed syllables of words in sequence

Rhyme

the repetition of identical or similar sounds in stressed syllables

Meter

controlled pattern of rhythm

Rhyme Scheme

the pattern of end rhymes

Free Verse

has no set meter or rhyme scheme

Alliteration

the repetition of the initial consonant sounds of words

Assonance

the repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words

Consonance

the repetition of consonants within nearby words in which the separating vowels differ

Repetition

the use of any language element more than once

Narrative

a poem in which the writer tells a story in verse

Epic

a long narrative poem about gods or heroes

Ballad

a songlike narrative about an adventure or a romance

Dramatic

a poem in which the writer tells a story using a character's own thoughts or statements

Lyric

a brief poem in which the author expresses the feelings of a single speaker, creating a single effect on the reader

Haiku

a poem obtaining three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables

Sonnet

a fourteen-line lyric poem with formal patterns of rhyme, rhythm, and line structure

Onomotopoeia (ex)

buzz, hiss, thud, sizzle

Similes (ex)

Say our love is like the sun, not like the moon.

Alliteration (ex)

"dark days"

Allusion

a reference to another work of literature, person, or event

Paradox

a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.

Assonance (ex)

"child of silence"

Consonance (ex)

"live and love"

Mood

an overall feeling created by the setting, plot, and images

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