Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross
Lincoln's Inauguration Speech
1) No interference of existing slavery
2) No spread of slavery
3) "War will be from secession, not slavery"
the reorganization and rebuilding of the former Confederate states after the Civil War
John Adam's wife, she appealed to her husband to protect the rights of women
African American, spy for General Lafayette. Posed as an escaped slave, acted as orderly and guide to the British Army.
John James Audubon
Famous naturalist and artist whose work helped science catalogue his drawings so that they could better understand the animals that he drew.
born in Chile was the first Hispanic-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in the assault of Fort Fisher.
grandson of a freed slave, 1st African American in the U.S to be elected into public office (constable), signed document that pledged to take up arms against British, fought in the Revolutionary War
Bernardo de Galvez
Governor of Spanish Louisiana, favored the Patriots, secretly supplied goods to Americans-southwestern frontier
Brave commander of the Confederate Army that led troops at Bull Run. He died in the confusion at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
John Paul Jones
"i have not yet begun to fight"
This English philosophe argued that all men were born with natural rights and that a government's purpose was to protect these rights
American financier and Revolutionary patriot who helped fund the army during the American Revolution (1740?-1785)
Mercy Otis Warren
New England woman who wrote many works. These included a history of the revolution, a play, and poems One of America's first writers.
Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War.
Reasons for Exploration
gold- Europeans sought out a route to Asia to obtain silks, spices, and other goods to sell back in Europe. god- Europeans felt whatever land they found they would convert the native people to Christianity which would reward them in heaven. glory- whomever found a new route to Asia or new land would be famous forever. gadget- new inventions allowed explorers to navigate across wide oceans; new weapons would give explorers military strength
farm crop grown to be sold or traded rather than used by the farm family
refuse to buy
German soldiers hired by George III to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good in mechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty.
Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Quincy Adams, Jackson
William Lloyd Garrison
White Abolitionist - Early 1800s - published The Liberator
Quaker activist in both the abolitionist and women's movements; with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, she was a principal organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery.
Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader and a leader of the Second Great Awakening of the United States.
dedicated to improving conditions for the mentally ill. led movement to build new mental hospitals and improve existing ones
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859)
Leader of a slave rebellion in 1831 in Virginia. Revolt led to the deaths of 20 whites and 40 blacks and led to the "gag rule' outlawing any discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives
abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
Seven debates between Lincoln and Douglass before election of 1860 - mostly over issues of slavery
first African American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his Acts of bravery on the Assault of Fort Wagner.