1. Assisting the Electoral Process 2. Organizing the Government 3. Nominating of Candidates
What are the three functions (roles) of political parties?
What is the term for the body of people entitled to vote called?
one party system, two party system, and multiparty system
What are the three main types of party systems
one party system
What system is one in which a single political party controls the government?
Two Party System
What system has two major parties that dominate the government?
What system has several parties which try to gain control of the governemnt?
What is the term for shifting of the parties base of support among the electorate called?
What early political party favored ratification of the Constitution?
What early political party opposed ratification of the Constitution?
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson
Wjo led the formation of the nation's first political parties?
What is the term for a candidate not associated with any party?
What is the term for any political party, besides the two dominate ones, seeking to directly participate in government?
What is the term for people who feel that their party has failed to address their concerns and sometimes break off?
What is the term for a group whose basic political views differ from those of the majority of the population?
Local parties, State Parties, and National Parties
What are the three levels of party organization in the US?
What is the term for an organized group of individuals who dominate a political party within a geographic area caleld?
What is the term for the system of awarding political favors in exchange for political support called?
What is the period called when reforms led an attack on powerful, self-interest organizations?
1. special interest groups 2. Politiking 3. Self Seving Office Seekers 4. Weakness of US political parties
What are the four criticisms of political parties?
1. Providing information 2. Accomodating varied opinions 3. Discouraging sudden shift 4. Encouraging political participation.
What are the four benefits of the US two party system?
5. primary election
What are the 5 ways Candidates are nominated?
What is it called when a person simply declares publicly that he/she is running for office?
Write in Candidate
What is it called when a person declares that he/she is running for office and then asks people to write his/her name on the ballot when they vote?
What is a political party gathering held to nominate candidates, set party rules, and create a party platform called?
What must be signed by certain number of people registered to vote in the election district requesting that a person's name be placed on the official ballot?
What is the term called in which the winner is named the party's nominee for the general election?
What is the term called in which only the members of a political party are permitted to vote in selecting the party's candidates?
What is the term called which allows a registered voter to participate in either the Republican or Democratic nomination process just by choosing a party once he/she is in the voting booth?
run off primary
What is the term called when voters choose between the top vote recipients from the first election?
What is the term called in which all candidates appear on the same ballot?
In general, is voter turnout greater for primary elections or general elections?
1. candidates became more visible
2. the role of the media became more pronounced
3. polling became a key tool
What are the 3 ways campaigns changed during the 1900's?
Political parties , PACs, Private Donors, Public Funding, Personal Finances
What are the 5 ways campaigns are financed?
How does campaign gain insight into voters attitudes about a candidate's campaign and views?
Federal Election Campaign Act of 1972
What legislation was put in place to regulate campaigns?
Financial Disclosure, Contribution limits, Spending limits, Donor restriction
What are the 4 regulations that campaigns must follow?
Special and General
What are the two main types of elections?
Single member district
What is the term for electoral districts in which only one candidate can win election to a particular office called?
1st monday after the 1st tuesday in november
When does most states hold their elections?
What type of ballot allow voters to choose candidates in private?
What is the secret ballot also called?
What type of ballot is used by the seriously ill person or military person who may not be living in their home district?
What is the term for the right to vote?
Which amendment guaranteed African American males the right to vote?
Which amendment guaranteed women the right to vote?
age, citizenship, residency, registration status
What are the four factors voting requirements based on today?
Which amendment established the voting age at 18?
What is the residency requirement for a person to vote in elections?
1)party identification 2) opinion issues 3) candidate record and image
4) voter's background
What are the four main factors that influence the way people vote?