Elements of Poetry - Eng. 9

Created by rwahl 

Upgrade to
remove ads

36 terms

Rhyme Scheme

A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem (usually tracked with letters of the alphabet).

Figurative Language

Using words to say more than they mean on the surface. Language describing ordinary things in new ways.

Alliteration

The repetition of the same beginning sound in several words

Assonance

The repetition of vowel sounds in the beginning, middle or end in several words

Symbolism

A device in literature where an object represents an idea.

Hyperbole

An overstatement or exaggeration meant to place emphasis

Simile

A comparison between two things using the words "like" or "as"

Metaphor

A comparison between two things without using the words "like" or "as"

Onomatopoeia

The use of words that sound like what they mean

Oxymoron

Words that joins together two seemingly contradictory/opposite elements

Rhyme

The repetition of the same sound at the end of every verse or sentence

Rhythm

A pattern of accented and unaccented syllables

Allusion

a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize

Meter

A way of placing emphasis on words and syllables that creates a repetitive rhythm

Iambic Meter

A rhythmic poetic unit of one unstressed and one stressed syllable. (u/)

Theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

Personification

Giving human qualities to inanimate objects or animals

pattern

the way in which words are placed; a repeated rhyme or word order

Imagery

Using language to create a picture or concrete feeling about a person, place, thing, or experience

Irony

a contrast between expectation and reality; the opposite of what is expected.

Mood

the overall emotion created by a work of literature

Tone

The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).

Trochaic Unit

a metrical measurement of one stressed syllable and one unstressed (/u)

Meaning

the idea that is intended; message(s) implied by the poet.

Pentameter

a verse line having five metrical feet

Ballad

A type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature

Cinquain

a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.

Diamante

a 7 line poem, does not rhyme can use synonyms or antonyms, each line has a specific formula

Epic

a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds

Epitaph

an inscription on a tombstone or monument in memory of the person buried there

Free Verse

unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern

Hip-Hop

poety or music that combines spoken street dialect with cuts (samples) from older music

Haiku

A Japanese form of poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables

Parallel Poem

poem which uses lines that are the same or similar to another poem; but has a different theme or topic.

Quatrain

A stanza or group of four rhyming lines of poetry

Sonnet

a short poem with fourteen lines, usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three, or four sections

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set