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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Bats migration and Hibernation
  2. Habitat Selection
  3. Barbary Macques Bonding
  4. Causes of Dispersal at ultimate level
  5. Genes and the Environment (Nature versus Nurture)
  1. a the reasons may not be so immediately apparent
  2. b choosing a place to live, which
    does not necessarily imply a conscious choice or that individuals
    make a critical evaluation of all of the factors. More often the
    choice is an automatic reaction to key aspects of the environment
  3. c Most bats hibernate.
    Some bat species do migrate - most often to and from caves used
    as hibernation sites. Some little brown bats migrated over 200 km
    from hibernation caves in Vermont to summering sites in
    Massachusetts.
  4. d If two animals reared from birth under identical environments
    differ in habitat preference when adults, the conclusion would be
    that the differences resulted from hereditary factors
  5. e male Barbary macaques have a better chance of bonding with each other when at least one is hauling
    around an infant. the infant is used as a social tool-- the males however also have high stress levels because the children can get annoying

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Northern elephant seals make two round-trip migrations per year
    travelling up to 21,000 km during the 250-300 days they are at-sea.
    Males migrate further than females.
  2. African wild dogs are cooperative
    breeders living in packs of up to
    20. Some will stay back and
    protect the pups while the rest
    hunt.
  3. most mammalian social systems are arrange matrilinearlly; mothers and their offspring may stay together and groups are this composed of mothers, daughters, aunts, and nieces
  4. Members of dense colonies are much more at risk of spreading
    parasites or disease simply based on density and proximity.
  5. matings between members of different populations within
    a species leads less-fit offspring. . Members of a population may possess adaptations to local
    conditions that are potentially lost through outbreeding.
    Two areas may differ in temperature, humidity, or types of food
    and if each population is genetically adapted to these conditions
    they would be better off mating with individuals with those same
    adaptations.

5 True/False questions

  1. Interference with ReproductionIt manifests itself through reduced reproductive success and
    survival of offspring from closely related parents compared to
    offspring of unrelated parents.
    It is caused by increased homozygosity of the inbred offspring
    and the resulting expression of deleterious recessive alleles.

          

  2. Lion Dispersal PatternBecause of the prevalence of polygyny, and associated tendency for males to disperse as they reach maturity, adult males are generally not related to other adults in the group. Males leave before they reach the age of maturity (sexually) and fathers leave before their daughters reach the age of maturity

          

  3. Eusociality1. Cooperative care of the young
    2. Reproductive castes with non-reproductive members
    caring for reproductive nest mates
    3. Overlap between generations such that offspring assist
    parents in raising siblings

          

  4. Moose and Deer Habitat HomeSheep habitats consist of stable, long-lasting grass
    communities that exist in small patches where knowledge of
    location and predator avoidance is crucial.

          

  5. Inbreeding ImmunityMany species of seals and sea lions migrate thousands of kilometers each year from island breeding and molting sites to feeding areas.

          

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