5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- How much time do offspring spend with their parents?
- The epitome of social organization is referred to as?
- Genes and the Environment (Nature versus Nurture)
- Sheep habitat Home
- Ungulate Migration
- a Sheep habitats consist of stable, long-lasting grass
communities that exist in small patches where knowledge of
location and predator avoidance is crucial.
- b Large brained and highly social
species of primates and dolphins spend as much as 25% of their
lives being dependent on parents and other relatives
- c Eusociality
- d Large ungulates migrate impressive distances as well.
Barren ground caribou herds move migrate 1000+ km between
wintering and summering grounds.
- e If two animals reared from birth under identical environments
differ in habitat preference when adults, the conclusion would be
that the differences resulted from hereditary factors
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Mammals are assumed to have a cognitive map, sex differences in spatial ability
- Detection of and communication about danger is more rapid
when individuals are in groups and predator deterrence may be
enhanced by mobbing and group defense.
- matings between members of different populations within
a species leads less-fit offspring. . Members of a population may possess adaptations to local
conditions that are potentially lost through outbreeding.
Two areas may differ in temperature, humidity, or types of food
and if each population is genetically adapted to these conditions
they would be better off mating with individuals with those same
- Among carnivores, lionesses
share the nursing of cubs in the pride, and subordinate wolves
regurgitate food for the alpha female and her litter.
- The degree of cooperation
ranges from none to complex coalitions and alliances. In some species, kinship is important but in others coalitions among nonrelatives are also common, as in hamadryas baboons and chimpanzees.
5 True/False Questions
What plays a role in lion dispersal patterns? → the avoidance of inbreeding
Group Defense of Resources → Lion prides, wolf packs and African wild dogs are all territorial
and will defend resources to the death. In most cases the largest
Many eyes hypothesis → individuals in large groups spend less time watching for predators and more time doing other activities such as eating.
Nature vs. Nurture study participants → After this series of experiments it was concluded that:
1. The choice of grassland by grassland deer mice is predetermined genetically.
2. Early grassland experience can reinforce this innate preference
but is not a prerequisite.
3. Early experience in either forest or grassland did not reverse the
4. Twenty generations of lab rearing resulted in a reduction of
hereditary control over habitat choice.
5. Lab raised stock retained the capacity to "imprint" on early
grassland experience but not forest. .
He concluded that learned responses were primary basis of
restriction and that genetics was secondary.
Causes of Dispersal at Proximal Level → an individual may be forced out by its
parents or as an involuntary response to increased testosterone
levels associated with sexual maturation