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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. How much time do offspring spend with their parents?
  2. The epitome of social organization is referred to as?
  3. Genes and the Environment (Nature versus Nurture)
  4. Sheep habitat Home
  5. Ungulate Migration
  1. a Sheep habitats consist of stable, long-lasting grass
    communities that exist in small patches where knowledge of
    location and predator avoidance is crucial.
  2. b Large brained and highly social
    species of primates and dolphins spend as much as 25% of their
    lives being dependent on parents and other relatives
  3. c Eusociality
  4. d Large ungulates migrate impressive distances as well.
    Barren ground caribou herds move migrate 1000+ km between
    wintering and summering grounds.
  5. e If two animals reared from birth under identical environments
    differ in habitat preference when adults, the conclusion would be
    that the differences resulted from hereditary factors

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Mammals are assumed to have a cognitive map, sex differences in spatial ability
  2. Detection of and communication about danger is more rapid
    when individuals are in groups and predator deterrence may be
    enhanced by mobbing and group defense.
  3. matings between members of different populations within
    a species leads less-fit offspring. . Members of a population may possess adaptations to local
    conditions that are potentially lost through outbreeding.
    Two areas may differ in temperature, humidity, or types of food
    and if each population is genetically adapted to these conditions
    they would be better off mating with individuals with those same
    adaptations.
  4. Among carnivores, lionesses
    share the nursing of cubs in the pride, and subordinate wolves
    regurgitate food for the alpha female and her litter.
  5. The degree of cooperation
    ranges from none to complex coalitions and alliances. In some species, kinship is important but in others coalitions among nonrelatives are also common, as in hamadryas baboons and chimpanzees.

5 True/False Questions

  1. What plays a role in lion dispersal patterns?the avoidance of inbreeding

          

  2. Group Defense of ResourcesLion prides, wolf packs and African wild dogs are all territorial
    and will defend resources to the death. In most cases the largest
    pack wins.

          

  3. Many eyes hypothesisindividuals in large groups spend less time watching for predators and more time doing other activities such as eating.

          

  4. Nature vs. Nurture study participantsAfter this series of experiments it was concluded that:
    1. The choice of grassland by grassland deer mice is predetermined genetically.
    2. Early grassland experience can reinforce this innate preference
    but is not a prerequisite.
    3. Early experience in either forest or grassland did not reverse the
    innate preference.
    4. Twenty generations of lab rearing resulted in a reduction of
    hereditary control over habitat choice.
    5. Lab raised stock retained the capacity to "imprint" on early
    grassland experience but not forest. .
    He concluded that learned responses were primary basis of
    restriction and that genetics was secondary.

          

  5. Causes of Dispersal at Proximal Levelan individual may be forced out by its
    parents or as an involuntary response to increased testosterone
    levels associated with sexual maturation

          

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