HDFS 2400, Chapter 19

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While Marie's mother lay dying, she told Marie, "I'm not afraid. I have faith. I'm looking forward to what lies ahead." Marie's mother views dying as

part of life's journey

According to Kübler-Ross, when denial, anger, and bargaining fail to postpone the illness, the person

becomes depressed

Modern medical care has affected the choice of dying at home primarily by

extending life so that dying people are older and have more difficulty living at home

The death of a _______ is usually the most difficult loss an adult can face.

child

According to Kübler-Ross, Mrs. Buffay's consultation of multiple specialists after her initial diagnosis of a terminal illness is consistent with which typical response to the prospect of death?

denial

Mr. Wixom is dying. His wife wants to help him have a dignified exit. In communicating with Mr. Wixom, she should

conceal or minimize her own grief

Typically, recovery from grief after a __________ is prolonged.

suicide

Virtual cemeteries

allow mourners to convey their thoughts and feelings whenever they feel ready, at little or no cost.

Isabella's mother died in May and her sister died in November. She is at risk for

bereavement overload

Mrs. Hensley is dying. Her heartbeat, circulation, breathing, and brain functioning stop but resuscitation is still possible. She is experiencing

clinical death.

Mr. Willet had a sudden heart attack. He died in a hospital emergency room. The staff was very busy and had little time for contact with his family. Mr. Willet's family members may need

some type of crisis intervention services

Mrs. Gandarilla recently experienced the death of her husband. Mrs. Gandarilla experienced

bereavement.

When Mr. Wellenkamp's wife died, he responded with intense physical and psychological distress. He was experiencing

grief

When their mother was diagnosed with terminal cancer, the Johnson family chose a comprehensive program of support services that provided an interdisciplinary care team. The team emphasized quality of life. The Johnson family chose

the hospice approach.

In the days and hours before death

the person moves and communicates less.

During prolonged dying, the bereaved person has had time to engage in

anticipatory grieving

According to Kübler-Ross, engaging in sympathetic listening is the best reaction to which typical response to the prospect of death?

bargaining

Which of the following is an essential ingredient of a "good death"?

offering the dying person care, affection, and companionship

An important service doctors and other medical professionals can provide to dying people is

information about their condition and their treatment options

Mr. Shanteau was in a snowmobile accident. The doctor informed his family that his cerebral cortex no longer registered electrical activity but the brain stem remained active. Mr. Shanteau is

in a persistent vegetative state

Most hospice patients have

cancer

Music thanatology

focuses on providing palliative care to the dying through music

Mrs. Peabody was in an automobile accident. The doctor informed her family that there has been an irreversible cessation of all activity in the brain and the brain stem. Mrs. Peabody is experiencing

brain death

Kübler-Ross recommends that family members and health professionals

not prolong denial by distorting the truth about the person's condition.

Dr. Summers helps terminally ill patients take their own lives by offering a lethal dose of drugs. Dr. Summers practices

assisted suicide.

Compared with women, bereaved men

are less likely to seek social support.

Adjusting to a sudden death is easier when the survivor

understands the reasons for it.

For family members, a home death is generally ___________ than a hospital death.

more stressful

Which of the following is true about the dual-process model of coping with loss?

Effective coping requires people to oscillate between dealing with the emotional consequences of loss and attending to life changes.

Mr. Bergman, his family members, and his friends dressed in black, attended his wife's funeral, and participated in a burial service. Mr. Bergman covered all of the mirrors in his house with a black cloth. He was experiencing

mourning.

In the United States, most deaths occur

in hospitals

What happens when cancer metastasizes?

Bits of tumor travel through the bloodstream and implant and grow in other vital organs

Most people who reach Kübler-Ross's acceptance stage

do so only in the last weeks or days of life.

Death education

promotes understanding of social and ethical issues involving death.

Dr. Williams does not believe that patients should live in persistent vegetative states. Therefore, without first obtaining the patient's consent, Dr. Williams administers a lethal dose of drugs. Dr. Williams practices

involuntary active euthanasia.

When people you care about have recently experienced the death of a loved one, your best response is to provide

sympathetic listening and simple presence.

Mrs. Bernstein's attorney prepared a written document in which Mrs. Bernstein authorized her daughter to make health care decisions on her behalf. Mrs. Bernstein's document is a(n)

durable power of attorney for health care.

Family members who ______________ can make dying more difficult for a patient.

are inclined toward denial

___________ may be especially pronounced in instances of sudden, unexpected deaths.

Avoidance

Palliative care involves

care aimed at relieving pain and other symptoms, such as nausea and insomnia.

Mr. Frankel is dying. According to Kübler-Ross, Mr. Frankel's recognition that time is short and that he will not have a chance to do all he wants to do may promote which typical response to the prospect of death?

anger

Which of the following people will likely experience little or no death anxiety?

Winifred, a 100-year-old

People respond to ___________ with __________.

bereavement; grief

In the days and hours before death,

the person moves and communicates less.

When he was dying of cancer, Mr. Babcock, a lifelong bird watcher, stated, "Whenever I feel the pain or cannot catch my breath, I travel to the woods in my mind and search for the red-winged blackbird." Mr. Babcock views dying as

an experience to be transformed.

The five reactions Kübler-Ross observed are best viewed as

coping strategies that anyone may call on in the face of threat.

After a period of intense grieving, most widowed elders

fare well.

Mr. Kominski is in the final days before death. He withdraws into himself for long periods of time. According to Kübler-Ross, Mr. Kominski is experiencing which typical response to the prospect of dying?

acceptance

The death of a sibling informs childrenThe death of a sibling informs children

of their own vulnerability.

Which of the following is true about the standard of death in industrialized nations?

The standard of death in most industrialized nations is brain death.

Mr. Kim's attorney prepared a written document in which Mr. Kim specified the treatments he did or did not want in case of a terminal illness, coma, or other near-death situation. Mr. Kim's document is a(n)

living will.

After sibling loss, thinking about the deceased and speaking to him or her

seem to facilitate coping with loss.

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