organizetions become self-perpetuating and demand fundingthat will result in the continued existence of the agency
large administrative agencies reflecting a hierarchial authority, job specialization, and rules and regulations that drive them
part of the "unwritten Constitution" it was first established by George Washington and includes federal departments such as state, defense, etc.
civil service reform
Congress took action in the late 19th century to protect ethical politicians and create standards for political service; including, a civil service test for those seeking a job in government.
division of labor
skilled workers each have a specialized function, resulting in incerased productivity
such as the Tennessee Valley Authority, created during the New Deal, having specific responsibilities that facilitate a specific operation of the government
A federal law prohibiting government employees from active participation in partisan politics.
independent executive agency
such as the General Services Administration, which handles government purchasing and has a specific responsiblity that facilitates the day-to-day operation of the government
independent regulatory agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nature and operation. Examples include the Food and Drug Administration and Environmental Protection Agency
iron triangle network
the interrelationship among bureaucracies, the government, interest groups, and the public, which also establishes a pattern of relationships among an agency in the executive branch, Congress, and one or more outside clients of that agency
organizations will not have competive equals that exist in the private sector
It made compulsory campaign contributions from federal employees illegal, and established the Civil Service Commission to make appointments to federal jobs on the basis of examination rather than just because you were friends
a characteristic of independent regulatory agencies that gives them judicial power to interpret regulations they create
a characteristic of independent regulatory agencies that gives them legislative powers to issue regulations
used to describe the difficulty it takes to get answers from a bureaucratic agency
1993 President Clinton and Vice President Gore's plan to "reinvent government". The plan called for reducing the federal work force by 12%, updating information systems, eliminating wasteful programs and procedures, and cutting red tape. It called for the implementation of performance standards that cleared Congress and required federal agencies to use them to measure and account for progress on specific programs. included: reducing the # of Agricultural dept. field offices, eliminating agriculture subsidies for certain products, streamlining the Army Corps of Engineers, opening gov't printing jobs to commercial bids, and improving the ability of the Social Security Administration to investigate the wrongful issuance of checks to people who are no longer disabled
policy that results in government control over individuals and businesses. Includes protection of the environment and consumer protection
the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power