Chapter 23 Western Civilization

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Old Regime

the social and political system in France were the people were divided into three social classes or estates

estate

social classe

Louis XVI

king of France from 1774 to 1792

Marie Antoinette

queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular

National Assembly

a French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people

Tennis Court Oath

Vow by members of the 3rd estate not to disband until a constitution was written

Great Fear

The panic and insecurity that struck French peasants in the summer of 1789 and led to their widespread destruction of manor houses and archives.

Declaration of the Rights of Man

Statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of the French Revolution.

Legislative Assembly

A French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the constitution of 1791.

Emigres

French nobility who fled country to escape the Revolution

Sans-culottes

were peer people from paris and big cities. were very violent., A reference to Parisian workers who wore loose-fitting trousers rather than the tight-fitting breeches worn by aristocratic men.

Guillotine

instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles

Committee of Public Safety

The leaders under Robespierre who organized the defenses of France, conducted foreign policy, and centralized authority during the period 1792-1795.

Reign of terror

the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed

Napolean Bonaparte

French emperor & Leader of the French Army during French Revolution

Coup d'etat

A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group

Plebiscite

a direct vote of all the people of a country or district on an important matter; a referendum

Lycées

French government-run public schools

Concordat

formal agreement

Battle of Trafalgar

an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.

Napolean Ordered blockade

hurt britain but but did not destroy it

Sent army to portugal

Penninular war, 5 years, napolean lost about 300,000 men

Invaded russia

1812, large army that didnt feel much loyalty toward him

France Entered moscow

stayed too long in frozen tundra and starved

Raised army and fought Battle of Leipzig

fought against fourth coalition(britain,russia,prussia,and sweden) gave up throne and was exiled to ELBA

Escaped Elba

reclamed part of empire to fight battle of Waterloo

Battle of waterloo

fought on june 18th,1815 , napolean was defeated and exiled

St, Helena

Napolean was exiled here, romoted island in south atlantic, Died in 1821

Waterloo

Village in Belgium where napolean was defeated

Hundred days

The brief period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French King and again becoming Emperor of France

June 17, 1789

Tennis Court Oath

July 14, 1789

Storm Bastille

April 2, 1917

President asks congress to declare war

July 28 1914

A-H declares war on serbia

November 11 1918

WW1 ends

June 28 1914

Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated

June 28 1919

Treaty of Versailles

Nationalism

love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it

Imperialism

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.

Militarism

a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force

Democracy

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

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