Intro to teaching chapter 6 & 7

30 terms by kgreen720

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Tort Liability

conditions that would permit the filing of legal charges against a professional (teacher) for breach of duty or behaving in a negligent manner

Superintendant

under the school board, the leader of the school district

Neglegance

is the failure to exercise reasonable, prudent care in providing for the safety of others

Code of Ethics

is a set of guidelines that defines appropriate behavior for professionals

Vertical Equity/Funding

is money to schools that have greater needs based on student populations to provide equal educational opportunity in a state

Copyright laws

limit the use of photocopies, videotapes, and computer programs.

Fair use

is the right of an individual to use copyrighted materials in a rerasonable manner without the copyrighter's consent

Cost of education

$596.6 billion or $10,297 per student in 2008

Entitlements

are federal programs to meet the educational needs of special populations

Freedom of Expression

is granted by the 1st Amendment and protected in schools as long as it does not interfere with learning

10th Amendment

of the U.S. Constitution gives states authority over public schools

Buckley Amendment

gives the parents of students under 18 and students who are over 18 the right to examine their school records.

State Government

gives the majority of school funding (48.3%)

School Board

acting as a state agent is responsible for the following: approving the teachers, administrators, and staff and educational policies and curriculum

Sexual Harassment

is unwanted and unwelcomed sexual behavior directed toward another person

Teaching Contract

is the agreement between a teacher and the board of education that the teacher will provide certain services in return for a certain salary, benefits, and privileges

Collective Bargaining

is the process of negotiating salaries and working conditions in most states, school boards must negotiate with teachers organizations

Corporal Punishment

allows school officals to paddle a student as a disciplinary measure

Head Start

is a federally funded program providing pre-school to lower income children

Federal Government

provides 8% of school funding

Education Consolidation & Improvement Act

gave states a broad range of choices in spending federal money

Sales Tax and Income Tax

most state funding for schools comes from this

Search and Seizure

allows school officals to look through a students belongings if he or she is suspected of an illegal act

Property Taxes

Schools are funded locally by this

Educational Politics

refers to how people use power, influence, and authority to affect instruction and curriculum in a school district

ESEA Act of 2010

title 1 of it gives 1 billion dollars to schools with low income students

School Choice

is the process of allowing parents to select the school their child will attend

Lemon test

is a three part legal test to determine whether a state has violated the seperation of church and state

Due Process

is a specific set of guidelines that must be followed to protect individuals from unfair treatment by those in authority whether it be teachers from dismissal or students from expulsion

Expenditure per pupil

the amount of money spent on each student

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