this system allows the national government the right to alter or even abolish local government
the doctrine that states have the authority to declare federal laws void for violating the U.S. Constitution
as currently interpreted by the courts, this clause allows Congress to regulate almost any kind of economic activity
this early court case confimed the supremacy of the federal government in the exercise of its constitutional powers
McCulloch v. Maryland
These grants were designed to remedy a common criticism of categorical grants, namely, that they lacked specificity
thedecade during which federal grants were increasingly based uponwhat dederal officials precieved to be national needs
the first form of grants-in-aid to the states by the federal government were in this form.
federal rules that states must follow if they choose to recieve the federal grants with which the rules are associated
conditions of aid
an interest group made up of mayors, governors, and other state and local officials who depend on federal funds
the U.S. Supreme Court Cheif Justice whose own views of federal power are closely aligned with Alexander Hamilton's.
this landmark supreme court case ruled that navigation is commerce and thus subject to regulation by Congress
Gibbons v. Ogden
a state's power to enact laws andregualtions, not otherwise unconstitutional, that promote health, safety, and morals